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Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilities

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Stephanie Cairns
Managing Director, Sustainable Communities of Sustainable Prosperity
Presented at the Clean Air Council Green Economy Summit

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Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilities

  1. 1. Fostering a Regional Green Economy: Municipal Roles and Other’s Responsibilities Stephanie Cairns Managing Director, Sustainable Communities Sustainable Prosperity www.sustainableprosperity.ca Clean Air Council Green Economy Summit Toronto, October 26, 2012
  2. 2. Sustainable Prosperity• Mission: to generate smart ideas to build a greener, more competitive Canadian economy• National green economy think tank and policy research network based out of University of Ottawa• Focus on market-based instruments in order to achieve both economic and environmental goals• Four areas: Low carbon economy, sustainable communities, ecosystem service markets, and emerging issues Making markets work for the environment 2
  3. 3. SP’s Sustainable Communities ProgramEnvironmental Pricing Reform (EPR): using pricing (market forces) to influence behaviour and choices in support of community goals (environmental and economic) – Reduces collective impact of development on the environment, while – Addressing gap at local level of government between current fiscal constraints and much needed fiscal flexibility. Making markets work for the environment 3
  4. 4. Sustainable Communities Program Making markets work for the environment 4
  5. 5. Green Economy: the numbers!– Green economy is growing • Globally, clean technology worth $1 trillion, could be $3 trillion+ & 3rd largest global industrial sector by 2020– Canadian green tech and services market • $2.3 billion in 2010 • $3.7 billion by 2014– Clean tech sector employs 44,400 Canadians (2010)– But 682,000 Canadian perform environmental work 50% or more of their time. Making markets work for the environment 5
  6. 6. What do we mean by “Green Economy”? Greening the Greening the Clean Technology Clean Technology Economy Economy Making markets work for the environment 6
  7. 7. What do we mean by “Green Economy”? Ecosystem limits Ecosystem limits A Green Economy A Green Economy Making markets work for the environment 7
  8. 8. Alignment with prevailing goals • Innovation • Productivity • Economic growth • Higher employment levels •Green Economy Green Economy Public debt reduction • Climate change mitigation • Clean water & air • Reduced waste Making markets work for the environment 8
  9. 9. Municipalities: Key Players• Already drive economic growth—can do green growth!• Front line of many environmental challenges (transport, sprawl, energy use).• Closer to public, pressure to show tangible results• Significant economic, ecological influence/control: – $98 billion procurement – Direct and indirect control over 45% of GHG emissions• Other advantages – Less ideological/partisan gridlock: “Get Things Done!” – Practical, on the ground implementation – Scaled right for experimentation and innovation Making markets work for the environment 9
  10. 10. Municipal Green Economy Action AreasSustainable transportationSustainable transportationEfficient urban land useEfficient urban land useEnergy efficiency of buildingsEnergy efficiency of buildingsRenewable energyRenewable energyWater treatment and conservationWater treatment and conservationSolid waste managementSolid waste management Making markets work for the environment 10
  11. 11. ToolsPlanningPlanningPlanning PlanningZoningZoning Subsidy corrections Subsidy correctionsZoning ZoningDevelopment controlDevelopment control Property tax adjustments Property tax adjustmentsDevelopment control Development controlEstablishment of protected areas Development cost chargesEstablishment of protected areas Development cost chargesEstablishment of protected areas Establishment of protected areasADJUSTING COST SIGNALS Unit pricing of utilitiesADJUSTING signals SIGNALS Unit pricing of utilitiesAdjusting cost COST Adjusting cost signalsCapital cost financing assistance Vehicle specific chargesCapital cost financing assistance Vehicle specific chargesProcurement policies Special fees and taxes Special fees and taxesProcurement policies Making markets work for the environment 11
  12. 12. Many benefitsBang-for-Buck: job-creation of different investments Making markets work for the environment 12
  13. 13. But can’t deliver alone--Sprawl and Sustainable TransportationFed/Prov GE goals: climate change mitigation, cleaner air Fossil fuel subsidies, Fossil fuel subsidies, rules for rules for infrastructure funds infrastructure funds Externalized costs Externalized costs (smog, GHGs…) (smog, GHGs…) Municipal actions: Development charge & Municipal actions: Development charge & property tax adjustments property tax adjustments Making markets work for the environment 13
  14. 14. Policy Alignment:Sprawl and Sustainable TransportationFed/Prov GE goals: climate change mitigation, cleaner air Reformed subsidies, Reformed subsidies, costs internalized costs internalized (user fees, c-price…) (user fees, c-price…) Municipal actions: Development charge & Municipal actions: Development charge & property tax adjustments property tax adjustments Making markets work for the environment 14
  15. 15. Needs Alignment with Federal and Provincial policies– Predictable long-term infra. funding, emphasizing: • Priority on sustainable transportation • Climate change adaptation– Energy efficiency building retrofits (targets, funding)– Subsidy reform– Knowledge and capacity building around sustainability– National user fee policy– Harmonize carbon prices (implicit and explicit)– Extended producer responsibility framework Making markets work for the environment 15
  16. 16. Stephanie CairnsManaging Director, SustainableCommunitiesSustainable Prosperitystephanie@wrangellia.cawww.sustainableprosperity.ca Making markets work for the environment 16

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