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Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold New Initiative District 5 Multi-Modal Planning Guidebook

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Title: Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences
Track: Connect
Format: 90 minute moderated discussion
Abstract: Today's economic realities require the rethinking of conventional transportation approaches. Learn about how Florida and Pennsylvania's Department of Transportation are using new tools, policies, and guides to proactively plan multi-modal transportation solutions.
Presenters:
Presenter: Jane Lim-Yap Kittelson & Associates, Inc.
Co-Presenter: Steven Deck Parsons Brinckerhoff
Co-Presenter: Brian Hare PennDOT Program Center
Co-Presenter: Mary Raulerson Kittelson & Associates, Inc.

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Not Your Grandfather's DOT: The FDOT District 5 and PennDOT Experiences--Bold New Initiative District 5 Multi-Modal Planning Guidebook

  1. 1. A Bold New Initiative District 5 Multi-Modal Planning Guidebook pro walk pro bike pro place | 9.9.2014 Presenting on Behalf of John P. Moore, FDOT District 5 Jane Lim-Yap, AICP Mary Raulerson
  2. 2. Our Transportation World Is Changing
  3. 3. Crossing the Continent
  4. 4. “We are pushing ahead with a great road program, a road program that will take this Nation out of its antiquated shackles of secondary roads… It will be a nation of great prosperity, but will be more than that: it will be a nation that is going ahead every day. With… our population increasing at five every minute, the expanding horizon is one that staggers the imagination.” October 29, 1954 Interstate Highway System
  5. 5. Source: FHWA 210,896 lane miles in less than 50 years
  6. 6. Our New Challenge
  7. 7. Source: Congressional Budget Office and “Life in the Slow Lane”, The Economist, April l 28, 2011 0.00% 0.05% 0.10% 0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30% 0.35% 0.40% Highway Trust Fund Receipts (Percent of GDP) Transit Account Highway Account Limited Revenues $1 trillion National transportation funding shortfall through 2015* $200 billion National revenue gap per year* * Source: Transportation for Tomorrow Report, The National Surface Transportation Policy and Revenue Study Commission, December 2007.
  8. 8. $50 billion FDOT estimated funding gap over next 20 years Governor Scott’s Regulatory Reform Transition presentation, December, 2010. Source: MPOAC Situational Analysis, December 2010 Funding Shortfall Florida Metro Area Transportation Funding Shortfall Estimates 1997 2002 2008
  9. 9. 20% of household budget spent on transportation Sources: U.S. Department of Energy; Bureau of Labor Statistics, TTI Mobility Report 2010, FHWA Livability Initiative. increased costs of driving Oil Prices ($ per barrel) Crude Diesel Unleaded 4.8 billion hours time spent in traffic in 2009
  10. 10. Source: MPOAC Situational Analysis, December 2010 and State Smart Transportation Initiative (ww.ssti.org) Personal Income VMT Population Growth changing travel patterns 23% Drop in amount of driving by 16 to 34 year olds from 2001 to 2011 Source: Transportation and the New Generation: Why Young People Are Driving Less and What It Means for Transportation Policy
  11. 11. increased safety concerns Sources: Dangerous By Design, 2014, Smart Growth America
  12. 12. increased safety concerns “Walking in Orlando is almost akin to being on a theme park ride, but without the safety equipment or procedures…”
  13. 13. By 2025: 1 in 5 Americans will be over 65 focus on expanding mobility one third of all Americans don’t drive more than half of older Americans would rather drive less Sources: Surface Transportation Policy Project. “Americans’ Attitudes Toward Walking and Creating Better Walking Communities.” 2003; APTA 2009 Public Transportation Fact Book; 2008 National Household Travel Survey; Steven Raphael and Alan Berube. “Socioeconomic Differences in Household Automobile Ownership Rates: Implications for Evacuation Policy,” paper prepared for the Berkeley Symposium March 2006, http://urbanpolicy.berkeley.edu/pdf/raphael.pdf.
  14. 14. •Doing More with Less •Changing Travel Patterns •Demand for More Travel Choices & Expanding Mobility •Increased Safety Concerns •Changing requests from our Communities New challenges
  15. 15. Land Use Travel Road Capacity Conventional Approach GENERATES DEMANDS Anticipate Forecast (Based on Speed) Accommodate
  16. 16. Integrated Transportation & Land Use Transportation Investments Travel Land Use HELP MANAGE INFLUENCES Multi-Modal Manage Coordinate
  17. 17. Is this a multi-modal street?
  18. 18. Ingredients to Multi-modal obility Place to comfortably and safely walk, bicycle, take transit, or drive on Places to conveniently walk to, bicycle to, reach by transit, or drive to
  19. 19. •Doing More with Less •Changing Travel Patterns •Demand for More Travel Choices & Expanding Mobility •Increased Safety Concerns •Changing requests from our Communities Tools to address new challenges
  20. 20. TRANSPORTATION DESIGN FOR LIVABLE COMMUNITIES “It is the policy of the Department to consider Transportation Design for Livable Communities features on the State Highway System …” Principles: 1.Safety of all modes 2.Balancing community values and mobility needs 3.Efficient use of energy resources 4.Protection of the environment 5.Coordinated land use and transportation planning 6.Local and state economic development goals 7.Complementing and enhancing existing Department standards and processes Chapter 21 of Plans Preparation Manual: TDLC credit: Eric E Johnson / Flickr
  21. 21. Talking about Accommodating All Modes in Design is too Late Planning PD&E Design ROW Impacts ($, Public Trust, Mitigation) Construction Built Project •More Costly •More Community Controversy •More Mitigation Cost •Least cost •More opportunities to incorporate community goals •Greater flexibility to evaluate a wide range of options
  22. 22. State Directives Regional Planning And Priorities (LRTPs) Planning Capital Improvement Programs PD&E & Preliminary Engineering Final Design & Permitting ROW & Utilities Construction & Maintenance When should we plan?
  23. 23. What projects do you want? What problems do we have? How can we leverage our investments to make us more sustainable and competitive? Multi-Modal Planning Stronger planning leads to better results What opportunities do we have?
  24. 24. http://cfgis.org/FDOT- Resources/Resource- Guidebooks.aspx
  25. 25. Land Use Strategies •Land Use Policies/Regulations •Detailed Land Use Plans •Land Use Programs •Other Land Use Strategies Transportation Strategies (all modes) •Capital Improvements •Transportation Operations •Maintenance Project •More Detailed/Area-Specific Transportation Plans and Programs •Other Transportation Strategies Other Strategies •Utility/Infrastructure Improvements •Organizational Changes •Do nothing (No-Build) •Other Strategies Planning within the project development process Long Range Transportation Plans FDOT Operations Other Sources Sources for Planning Studies Multi-modal Corridor Planning
  26. 26. It is ok not to know the solution!
  27. 27. It is ok not to know the problem!
  28. 28. Planning Process
  29. 29. Transportation & Community Building Strategies from the SR 50 Multi-Modal Corridor Study
  30. 30. •4-lane major arterial, recently widened to 6 lanes •Future travel demand far exceeds future capacity •Limited alternative parallel network •Roadway being used for BOTH local and regional trips •Designated a multi-modal corridor in TRANSPORTATION 2035 •Multi-modal solutions viable only with land use strategies Lake Apopka Lake Minneola Lake Minnehaha Citrus Tower Hancock Avalon Hartwood Marsh Johns Lake SR 50 the challenge
  31. 31. 1974 The Turnpike - now completed - provides a new and faster connection to N & S Florida Small subdivisions become a more common as a development type Commercial Development starts along SR 50 near US 27 Residential development continues S & E of downtown
  32. 32. 1999 Citrus Tower Blvd becomes a major connection to SR-50 Rapid residential development occurs
  33. 33. 2010 Few sections of local network added Most of undeveloped land is located along the south side of SR 50 and East of US 27 Development of large commercial parcels becomes common Some development on previously approved master planned communities continues
  34. 34. Weekday AM Peak East Bound Traffic Weekday PM Peak West Bound Traffic Corridor used for local traffic
  35. 35. Network does not support effective multi-modal local traffic Historic Clermont Street Network Newer development East of Clermont
  36. 36. 1 Preserve & Celebrate Our Landscape 2 Preserve Historic Character & Sense of Place 3 More Play 4 Enhance Local Connectivity & Walkability 5 “Turn the Car Around” community values & guiding principles
  37. 37. Scenario A Scenario B Existing Roadway Proposed Roadway Existing Multi-use Trail Proposed Multi-use Trail Potential Bus Stop
  38. 38. comparing the scenarios
  39. 39. demonstration site – scenario B
  40. 40. demonstration site – scenario B
  41. 41. a system of complete streets
  42. 42. community vision
  43. 43. community vision
  44. 44. credit: Pablo Abreu / Flickr Evolving DOT Role Reactive to Land Use Decisions Proactive Partner CSS & Multi-Modal Mobility Auto Through- put Economic Development & Other Community Goals
  45. 45. Thank you! http://cfgis.org/FDOT-Resources/Resource-Guidebooks.aspx Jane Lim-Yap, AICP jlim-yap@kittelson.com John P. Moore, EI john.moore@state.dot.fl.us

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