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A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities 
Jeffrey Rosenblum, City of Cambridge 
Megan Kanagy, Downtown...
Overview 
●Bicycle parking 101 
●Bicycle parking program in the City of Cambridge 
●DowntownDC Business Improvement Distri...
Bicycle Parking 101 
Good bicycle parking 
Zoning requirements 
Importance of a comprehensive strategy 
Types of bicycle p...
What Good Bicycle Parking Looks Like 
●Strategically planned 
●Actively connected with local transport networks 
●Benefici...
Importance of Strategic Planning 
●Holistic approach 
●Complementary to infrastructure 
●Maintains orderly and neat street...
Zoning Requirements 
●District of Columbia - Title 18, Chap 21: 2119.2 
●City of Cambridge - Article 6.100 
“Number of bic...
Long Term vs. Short Term
Interior Bike Rooms 
●Long-term parking: office buildings, large residential, schools, parking garages 
●“Vertical” & “2-t...
Temporary / Event Parking 
●Seasonal events 
●Farmer’s markets, street fairs, concerts, presidential inaugurations, 4th of...
Frame Support - The Good 
●Supports variety of bicycle sizes and frames 
●Provides adequate space to secure bike with high...
Frame Support - The Bad 
●Suspend any part of bicycle in the air 
●Provides only 1 point of contact 
●Design allows bicycl...
Placement - The Bad
City Bike Parking Guides
The City of Cambridge 
Bicycle Parking Planning for The City of Cambridge, MA
History 
●Developed as joint effort between Community Development & Traffic, Parking & Transportation Department 
●Focuses...
Who is involved? 
●City of Cambridge: Community Development, Traffic Dept, DPW 
●Business Associations 
●Neighborhood grou...
Funding sources 
●$30,000 ARRA funds FY11 & FY12 for installation 
●$10,000 from CDD & TPT 
●$95,000 from MAPC for cost of...
City Department Responsibilities 
●Community Development 
oReceiving & processing requests 
oPreliminary outreach and site...
Interdepartmental Review Team 
●Environmental & Transportation Planning 
●Department of Public Works 
●Traffic, Parking & ...
Surveying a Site
Siting Details 
●Mindful of: Loading zones, ADA requirements, bus stops, curb ramps, handicap spaces, sidewalk width, pede...
Common Design Exceptions 
●Sidewalk not wide enough (ADA - 4’ walkway) 
●Too close to physical object (ex. lamp post) 
●In...
Installation Process 
●Trained contractor to follow Cambridge best practices 
●Round installations (50/day) 
●Coordination...
Demand Surveys
Utilization Studies 
●Central, Harvard, Kendall, Inman Squares
Business District Planning 
Ask Jeff for HSQ & Central SQ plans 
●Work with local business associations 
●Short-term & Lon...
DowntownDC Business Improvement District (BID) 
Bicycle Parking Planning in Downtown Washington, DC
What is a BID? 
●Non-profit 
●Funded by assessment paid by property owners 
●Supplements city services
DowntownDC BID
●Investments in bicycle infrastructure over last decade 
●Increase in demand from development & population growth 
DC Bicy...
DowntownDC BID’s Bike Program Areas
●DDOT is a young organization 
oDDOT formed in 2002 
oBID formed in 1997 
●What is easy for DDOT to provide and what is ea...
Bike Parking Roles & Responsibilities 
DDOT gets a rack request 
Sent to Downtown BID 
BID does planning, outreach & sitin...
●Previously installing 30-50 racks per year 
●Given increase in demand, needed a holistic approach to bike parking 
Bike P...
Bike Parking Plan 
●Prior to 2013, there were about 500 racks in the BID 
●Goal of doubling capacity: 1000 racks over 144 ...
Outreach
●What’s in it for them? 
oCommercial properties 
oTenants 
oRetail 
oHotels 
Stakeholder Interests
●Year 1: 145 installed in 2013 
●Year 2: 185 in 2014 
●Year 3: 100 in 2015 (proposed) 
Status of Plan Implementation
Future of Bike Parking in Downtown
Dero Bike Rack Company 
in Washington DC 
Bicycle Parking Planning in Washington, DC Metro Area
Local Coordination in Washington, DC 
●DDOT, BIDs focus primarily on exterior and public spaces 
●Dero focus primarily on ...
Determining the Goals of the Project 
●Maximizing allocated space 
●Meeting local regulations 
●LEED target 
●Architect or...
Choosing the Right Site 
●Meeting product setback requirements 
●Maintaining accessibility needs and aisle spacing 
●Proxi...
Choosing the Right Products 
●Dependent on goals 
●Expected user-type 
●Budget 
●Satisfying a requirement 
●Creating an am...
Site Visit & Layout 
●In-person discussion of site and product options 
●Customized AutoCAD layouts based on space 
●Desig...
Designing Bike Rooms 
●More than just functional bike parking 
●Artwork, lockers, showers, benches, local trail maps, spac...
Bike Room Examples
Custom Racks
Looking ahead in Washington DC 
●Car ownership declining & bicycling rising 
●Parking policies and zoning regs changing 
●...
Future of Bike Parking 
Amsterdam, The Netherlands 
10,000 Bike Parking Spaces - 17,000 by 2020 
Population 800,000
Thanks! 
Jeffrey Rosenblum - 
rosenblum.jeff@gmail.com 
Megan Kanagy - megan@downtowndc.org 
Daniel Clark - 
daniel@dero.c...
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A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities

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Title: A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities
Track: Connect
Format: 60 minute panel
Abstract: Cambridge, MA and Washington, DC have taken a strategic approach to bicycle parking. This session will focus on their planning tools and lessons learned from both the public and private sector.
Presenters:
Presenter: Megan Kanagy Downtown DC Business Improvement District
Co-Presenter: Daniel Clark Dero Bike Rack Company
Co-Presenter: Jeffrey Rosenblum City of Cambridge, MA

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A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities

  1. 1. A Systematic Approach to Bicycle Parking Planning for Cities Jeffrey Rosenblum, City of Cambridge Megan Kanagy, DowntownDC BID Daniel Clark, Dero Bike Rack Company September 10, 2014 :: Pro Walk/Pro Bike/Pro Place
  2. 2. Overview ●Bicycle parking 101 ●Bicycle parking program in the City of Cambridge ●DowntownDC Business Improvement District (BID) in Washington, DC ●Dero Bike Rack Company in Washington, DC ●Looking ahead
  3. 3. Bicycle Parking 101 Good bicycle parking Zoning requirements Importance of a comprehensive strategy Types of bicycle parking Good and bad frame support
  4. 4. What Good Bicycle Parking Looks Like ●Strategically planned ●Actively connected with local transport networks ●Beneficial to local businesses ●Artistic contributions to streetscape ●Sited with pedestrian traffic patterns and accessibility in mind ●Usable
  5. 5. Importance of Strategic Planning ●Holistic approach ●Complementary to infrastructure ●Maintains orderly and neat streetscape ●Creates designated areas ●Accommodates both short & long term ●Designed with present needs and future in mind
  6. 6. Zoning Requirements ●District of Columbia - Title 18, Chap 21: 2119.2 ●City of Cambridge - Article 6.100 “Number of bicycle parking spaces provided shall be at least equal to 5% of the number of automobile parking spaces required” “Bicycle Parking is required in all buildings with car parking” *Proposed new zoning would unbundle bike parking from car parking and be determined based on # of units and sq. footage
  7. 7. Long Term vs. Short Term
  8. 8. Interior Bike Rooms ●Long-term parking: office buildings, large residential, schools, parking garages ●“Vertical” & “2-tier” ●Weather-proof ●Secure entry rooms
  9. 9. Temporary / Event Parking ●Seasonal events ●Farmer’s markets, street fairs, concerts, presidential inaugurations, 4th of July, baseball games ●Free valet bicycle parking- Washington Nationals (250-500 bicycle spaces)
  10. 10. Frame Support - The Good ●Supports variety of bicycle sizes and frames ●Provides adequate space to secure bike with high- security “U-lock” ●Both wheels remain on the ground ●2 points of contact ●Sturdy and durable support into concrete/brick streetscape
  11. 11. Frame Support - The Bad ●Suspend any part of bicycle in the air ●Provides only 1 point of contact ●Design allows bicycle to fall and obstruct sidewalk ●Not secured to the ground ●“Wheel Bender”
  12. 12. Placement - The Bad
  13. 13. City Bike Parking Guides
  14. 14. The City of Cambridge Bicycle Parking Planning for The City of Cambridge, MA
  15. 15. History ●Developed as joint effort between Community Development & Traffic, Parking & Transportation Department ●Focuses primarily on sidewalks & public space ●Over 500 bicycle racks installed in first 5 years of program; 3,000+ total in city; cycle stall program ●Harvard Square - 173 metered vehicle spaces and over 400 bicycle parking spaces
  16. 16. Who is involved? ●City of Cambridge: Community Development, Traffic Dept, DPW ●Business Associations ●Neighborhood groups ●Local business owners ●Interested residents
  17. 17. Funding sources ●$30,000 ARRA funds FY11 & FY12 for installation ●$10,000 from CDD & TPT ●$95,000 from MAPC for cost of racks in FY12 ●$50,000 annual budget for purchasing and installation going forward
  18. 18. City Department Responsibilities ●Community Development oReceiving & processing requests oPreliminary outreach and site visit oSite approval oCreation of “Round” presentation (drawings, photos, notes) oInterdepartmental review process oPreparing for installation ●Traffic, Parking & Transportation oContractor parking permits oCoordinating and overseeing installation ●Department of Public Works oMaintenance oSnow removal
  19. 19. Interdepartmental Review Team ●Environmental & Transportation Planning ●Department of Public Works ●Traffic, Parking & Transportation Dept ●Cambridge Police Department ●Cambridge Fire Department ●Historical Commission ●Economic Development ●School Department (if racks located at schools)
  20. 20. Surveying a Site
  21. 21. Siting Details ●Mindful of: Loading zones, ADA requirements, bus stops, curb ramps, handicap spaces, sidewalk width, pedestrian traffic, fire hydrants, proximity to physical objects, building entrances, stairs, manhole covers, benches, overcrowding of bikes
  22. 22. Common Design Exceptions ●Sidewalk not wide enough (ADA - 4’ walkway) ●Too close to physical object (ex. lamp post) ●Inside loading zone, disability space or bus stop ●Rack spacing closer than recommended (36”) ●Too close to fire hydrant
  23. 23. Installation Process ●Trained contractor to follow Cambridge best practices ●Round installations (50/day) ●Coordination with school startings, police, business openings ●Promotion on social media ●New racks inputted into GIS maps
  24. 24. Demand Surveys
  25. 25. Utilization Studies ●Central, Harvard, Kendall, Inman Squares
  26. 26. Business District Planning Ask Jeff for HSQ & Central SQ plans ●Work with local business associations ●Short-term & Long-term parking ●Sidewalk “pocket” spaces ●Long range planning: Harvard Square, Central Square, & Kendall Square
  27. 27. DowntownDC Business Improvement District (BID) Bicycle Parking Planning in Downtown Washington, DC
  28. 28. What is a BID? ●Non-profit ●Funded by assessment paid by property owners ●Supplements city services
  29. 29. DowntownDC BID
  30. 30. ●Investments in bicycle infrastructure over last decade ●Increase in demand from development & population growth DC Bicycling Context
  31. 31. DowntownDC BID’s Bike Program Areas
  32. 32. ●DDOT is a young organization oDDOT formed in 2002 oBID formed in 1997 ●What is easy for DDOT to provide and what is easy for the BID to provide? DDOT Bike Parking Partnership
  33. 33. Bike Parking Roles & Responsibilities DDOT gets a rack request Sent to Downtown BID BID does planning, outreach & siting BID or DDOT purchases rack BID installs rack BID adds rack to GIS inventory BID shares GIS with DDOT
  34. 34. ●Previously installing 30-50 racks per year ●Given increase in demand, needed a holistic approach to bike parking Bike Parking Plan
  35. 35. Bike Parking Plan ●Prior to 2013, there were about 500 racks in the BID ●Goal of doubling capacity: 1000 racks over 144 blocks
  36. 36. Outreach
  37. 37. ●What’s in it for them? oCommercial properties oTenants oRetail oHotels Stakeholder Interests
  38. 38. ●Year 1: 145 installed in 2013 ●Year 2: 185 in 2014 ●Year 3: 100 in 2015 (proposed) Status of Plan Implementation
  39. 39. Future of Bike Parking in Downtown
  40. 40. Dero Bike Rack Company in Washington DC Bicycle Parking Planning in Washington, DC Metro Area
  41. 41. Local Coordination in Washington, DC ●DDOT, BIDs focus primarily on exterior and public spaces ●Dero focus primarily on interior rooms, private spaces & new developments ●Joint cooperation covers current bike parking spectrum in DC ●Communication
  42. 42. Determining the Goals of the Project ●Maximizing allocated space ●Meeting local regulations ●LEED target ●Architect or Property Manager requests ●Anything will help! Space Use - Horizontal Parking Space Use - Vertical Parking
  43. 43. Choosing the Right Site ●Meeting product setback requirements ●Maintaining accessibility needs and aisle spacing ●Proximity to building entrance and likely path of cyclists ●Signage if not in obvious location ●User type (public vs. private)
  44. 44. Choosing the Right Products ●Dependent on goals ●Expected user-type ●Budget ●Satisfying a requirement ●Creating an amenity
  45. 45. Site Visit & Layout ●In-person discussion of site and product options ●Customized AutoCAD layouts based on space ●Designed to meet local requirements
  46. 46. Designing Bike Rooms ●More than just functional bike parking ●Artwork, lockers, showers, benches, local trail maps, space to hold bicycle repair workshops, water station ●Creating an amenity for car-free tenants
  47. 47. Bike Room Examples
  48. 48. Custom Racks
  49. 49. Looking ahead in Washington DC ●Car ownership declining & bicycling rising ●Parking policies and zoning regs changing ●Parklets ●More public space activities
  50. 50. Future of Bike Parking Amsterdam, The Netherlands 10,000 Bike Parking Spaces - 17,000 by 2020 Population 800,000
  51. 51. Thanks! Jeffrey Rosenblum - rosenblum.jeff@gmail.com Megan Kanagy - megan@downtowndc.org Daniel Clark - daniel@dero.com

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