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Open Access (OA) Monographs – Why,
How and What Next?
Caren Milloy ,

JISC Collections

@oapenuk #oapenuk
Why monographs & why OA?
• 2/3rd of AHRC funded outputs are monographs
and edited collections
• Standard against which per...
OA monograph research
• SEP 08: OAPEN Project
• OCT 10: OAPEN-UK funded by AHRC and Jisc
• JUN 12: The “Finch” report excl...
Main issues to explore
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Academic reaction – perception and attitudes
Quality of content and processes (pee...
• OAPEN-UK is an innovative and highly consultative
project – working in an area where little research exists
and connecti...
76 HSS titles: 2006 - 2013
Experimental Group
(38 titles)

OA with CC licence
OAPEN Library
Publishers website
Institution...
The research programme
1.How policies, processes and mechanisms need
to change in order to enable OA publication of
monogr...
Research process

Initiation

OAPEN-UK Research Plan

Year 1 11/12

Ellen Collins, Research Information Network
Year 2 12/...
WP1: Literature Review
Literature Review
available and stay up
to date with our Diigo
Group: OAPEN-UK

http://oapenuk.jisc...
WP2. Annual Benchmarking
Baseline survey will provide
benchmark to measure how
the perceptions and attitudes
of project pa...
WP3. Focus groups
1. Institutional representatives
including librarians,
institutional repository staff,
research managers...
WP4. In-depth surveys,
interviews & case studies
HSS Survey March to May 2012: 690 usable responses from HSS researchers

...
WP4. In-depth surveys,
interviews & case studies
Learned Society Case Studies

1. Royal Historical Society
2. Regional Stu...
WP4. In-depth surveys,
interviews & case studies
Institutional Case Studies with 4 UK HEIs

• Better understanding of the ...
WP4. In-depth surveys,
interviews & case studies
Publisher Interviews with 8 – 10 publishers
including OA and UPs
• move b...
WP4. In-depth surveys,
interviews & case studies
Funder Interviews with HEFCE, AHRC, ESRC,
Wellcome Trust, EU and NEH
• en...
WP5. The Pilot
• Two years of data collected
• Have some lessons learned to share:
– Implementation issues re integrating ...
WP10. Infographics
Mapping the monograph publishing process from start
to finish- a transparent view of activities of auth...
WP11. A Guide to Creative
Commons for HSS Authors
An introductory guide for HSS
researchers to creative
commons, copyright...
Open Access Monographs in HSS
Conference

http://www.jisc-collections.ac.uk/JISC-Collectionsevents/oabooksconf/
Business models
OA PDF: OAPEN-UK,
OAPEN-NL, Springer,
MUP

Crowdfunded OA:
OBP, De Gruyter

OA all formats:
Palgrave, Ubiq...
5 take-aways for researchers
1. Know your rights and understand Creative
Commons licensing
2. Engage as much as possible i...
Thank you & Further Info
OAPEN-UK website:
http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/

Caren Milloy
c.milloy@jisccollections.ac.uk

Tw...
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OAPEN-UK at Open Access Week 2013 - Dundee University

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Presentation on open access monographs and the oapen-uk project given at Dundee University during Open Access 2013

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OAPEN-UK at Open Access Week 2013 - Dundee University

  1. 1. Open Access (OA) Monographs – Why, How and What Next? Caren Milloy , JISC Collections @oapenuk #oapenuk
  2. 2. Why monographs & why OA? • 2/3rd of AHRC funded outputs are monographs and edited collections • Standard against which performance and standing of researcher is measured • Sales decline from 2000 to 200 max • What does this mean for scholarship? • Need to demonstrate impact and reach • Could OA make scholarship better?
  3. 3. OA monograph research • SEP 08: OAPEN Project • OCT 10: OAPEN-UK funded by AHRC and Jisc • JUN 12: The “Finch” report excluded monographs but noted: ‘universities, funders, publishers, and learned societies should continue to work together to promote further experimentation in open access publishing for scholarly monographs’ • MAY 13: Wellcome Trust only funder to mandate OA monographs / chapters • JUL 13: HEFCE Post 2014 REF consultation: noted the OAPEN-UK project and excluded monographs • SEP 13: Jisc National Monographs Strategy Project • NOV 13: HEFCE Open Access Monograph Reference Group
  4. 4. Main issues to explore • • • • • • • • Academic reaction – perception and attitudes Quality of content and processes (peer review) Assessment and career progression Fears over Creative Commons Business models and funding Standards adoption – access, preservation UK v International Will the monograph continue to exist?
  5. 5. • OAPEN-UK is an innovative and highly consultative project – working in an area where little research exists and connecting with all the key stakeholders to identify and discuss concerns, challenges, perceptions and opportunities related to a transition to open access monographs. OAPEN-UK recognises that open access will require changes to current working practice as well as cultural change and that resistance to change is inevitable. By working with each stakeholder and sharing findings between stakeholders, the project promotes understanding and knowledge and enables stakeholders to make informed decisions based on evidence, rather than assumptions.
  6. 6. 76 HSS titles: 2006 - 2013 Experimental Group (38 titles) OA with CC licence OAPEN Library Publishers website Institutional Repository Google Books (100%) Control Group (38 titles) Standard e-book agreements Publishers website E-book aggregators Google Books (10%) Print version available for sale E-book device friendly version available for sale OUP, Palgrave, T&F, UWP, LUP, Bloomsbury @oapenuk #oapenuk
  7. 7. The research programme 1.How policies, processes and mechanisms need to change in order to enable OA publication of monographs? 2.What are the measurable effects of a move to OA monographs? 3.How do perceptions of OA monograph publication change among participants during the project? @oapenuk #oapenuk
  8. 8. Research process Initiation OAPEN-UK Research Plan Year 1 11/12 Ellen Collins, Research Information Network Year 2 12/13 Year 3 13/14 project close http://www.flickr.com/photos/stewart/461099066/ 2015
  9. 9. WP1: Literature Review Literature Review available and stay up to date with our Diigo Group: OAPEN-UK http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/furt her-reading/
  10. 10. WP2. Annual Benchmarking Baseline survey will provide benchmark to measure how the perceptions and attitudes of project participants change over the course of the project Baseline results are available at: http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/researchfindings/benchmarkingsurvey/ 2nd Benchmarking survey results available by end of Oct 13
  11. 11. WP3. Focus groups 1. Institutional representatives including librarians, institutional repository staff, research managers 2. Publishers 3. Learned Societies 4. Researchers (as both authors & readers) 5. E-book aggregators 6. Research Funders http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/researchfindings/y1-initial-focus-groups/
  12. 12. WP4. In-depth surveys, interviews & case studies HSS Survey March to May 2012: 690 usable responses from HSS researchers • 53% are awareness of OA & 38% familiar with OA • Around 50% of researchers think it is ok to make a profit from OA publishing as long as that profit goes back into supporting the discipline or making more OA content available – 20% think you can make a profit and use it however you like and 20% think that you can make a profit but only to cover costs • Almost 60% of researchers are aware of Creative Commons but 40% are not & 80% prefer CC BY-NC-ND • CC BY-ND is preferred over CC BY-NC • Researchers value the distribution and marketing services of publishers the most – oh and that they give them a print book at the end! • Of the 397 that had published a mono, book chapter or co-authored a mono since 2000, 45% said that their research was underpinned by core university funds, 22% from RCUK and 20% from another funder • Perception of the 690 is that open access will have negative impacts on quality, reputation and reward but will be brilliant for availability and efficiency
  13. 13. WP4. In-depth surveys, interviews & case studies Learned Society Case Studies 1. Royal Historical Society 2. Regional Studies Association Improve understanding of role of learned societies in monograph publishing and impact of OA on their business model and the service they provide to HSS
  14. 14. WP4. In-depth surveys, interviews & case studies Institutional Case Studies with 4 UK HEIs • Better understanding of the environment that researchers are operating within, policies and messages that they will be receiving from employers • Understanding challenges and potential blockages within institutions which may prevent successful implementation of OA monographs or policies about OA monographs
  15. 15. WP4. In-depth surveys, interviews & case studies Publisher Interviews with 8 – 10 publishers including OA and UPs • move beyond the publishers in the pilot to take account of the broader publishing environment • understanding the attitudes and processes that might prevent a viable open access monograph publishing route for researchers who want or need to take it • explore the possibility of Green OA for monographs
  16. 16. WP4. In-depth surveys, interviews & case studies Funder Interviews with HEFCE, AHRC, ESRC, Wellcome Trust, EU and NEH • ensure project remains agile in view of developing funder interest in this area • discuss and capture aspirations for OA monographs within policy developments • opportunity to reflect on processes for implementation
  17. 17. WP5. The Pilot • Two years of data collected • Have some lessons learned to share: – Implementation issues re integrating OA into ‘traditional’ workflows – Discovery and transparency of OA content (metadata) – Supply chain issues (ONIX, Amazon)
  18. 18. WP10. Infographics Mapping the monograph publishing process from start to finish- a transparent view of activities of authors and publishers towards producing a monograph • address issues identified in WP3 about lack of clarity for different stakeholders about their relation to other stakeholders in the publishing process • identifies key differences between OA and traditional publishing processes • provides information for those considering setting up their own OA presses
  19. 19. WP11. A Guide to Creative Commons for HSS Authors An introductory guide for HSS researchers to creative commons, copyright and open access • Help increase awareness and understanding of CC • Help make informed decisions • Based on the concerns raised in the HoL, BIS, LS letters, blogs and our research
  20. 20. Open Access Monographs in HSS Conference http://www.jisc-collections.ac.uk/JISC-Collectionsevents/oabooksconf/
  21. 21. Business models OA PDF: OAPEN-UK, OAPEN-NL, Springer, MUP Crowdfunded OA: OBP, De Gruyter OA all formats: Palgrave, Ubiqity press Freemium membership OA: OpenEdition OA HTML: OBP, Bloomsbury Academic Consortia OA: Knowlede Unlatched http://www.jisc.ac.uk/inform/inform37/OpenAccessMonographs.html#.UmPRnl MUOSo
  22. 22. 5 take-aways for researchers 1. Know your rights and understand Creative Commons licensing 2. Engage as much as possible in internal and external discussions 3. Visit the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) & OAPEN Library 4. Experiment now & support early career academics 5. Participate in our next OAPEN-UK survey!
  23. 23. Thank you & Further Info OAPEN-UK website: http://oapenuk.jiscebooks.org/ Caren Milloy c.milloy@jisccollections.ac.uk Twitter: @oapenuk Twitter: @carenmilloy Diigo Group: OAPEN-UK @oapenuk #oapenuk

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