The War of 1812 Conflict with Britain
Napoleon’s Continental System <ul><li>Isolate England by stopping trade </li></ul><ul><li>No trade w/England </li></ul><ul...
England: Orders in Council <ul><li>All colonial goods must go on British ships/neutral ships who pay duty </li></ul><ul><l...
Embargo of 1807 <ul><li>Attack on USS Chesapeake </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson & Sec’y of State Madison </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
“Indian Issues” out West <ul><li>Shawnee chief Tecumseh  </li></ul><ul><li>Tenskwatawa (“the Prophet” </li></ul><ul><li>Te...
Tecumseh
Reasons to be mad at the British: <ul><li>Impressing our sailors, stopping our ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the ...
President James Madison <ul><li>How to pressure England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through Canada directly and sugar islands in...
New England wants to be neutral! <ul><li>Trade with England is their business </li></ul><ul><li>Where are most of our bank...
Military Action Starts <ul><li>General William Hull marches to Canada – summer 1812 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surprised/embarr...
 
The War of 1812
More action . . . <ul><li>General William Henry invades Canada 1813 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of the Thames (Tecumseh d...
General Winfield Scott
New England Resists <ul><li>Our militias can only fight in our state </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t want to pay the high taxes...
South, West ENTHUSED <ul><li>Andy Jackson at Horseshoe Bend, MS – 1814 </li></ul>
Burn the Capitol! <ul><li>Burning of York </li></ul><ul><li>Burning of Washington DC in 1814 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge...
Shelling Fort McHenry
Everybody’s tired . . . <ul><li>Let’s make peace </li></ul><ul><li>1814 negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium </li></ul><ul...
Our Negotiators at Ghent <ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Gallatin </li></ul>
Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>News travels slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson annihilates the British at New Orleans ...
Whoops! <ul><li>The hero has entered Florida without permission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes forts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 <ul><li>Andrew Jackson’s illegal actions make this easier </li></ul><ul><li>Spain cedes us Flori...
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Chap08 war of 1812

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Chap08 war of 1812

  1. 1. The War of 1812 Conflict with Britain
  2. 2. Napoleon’s Continental System <ul><li>Isolate England by stopping trade </li></ul><ul><li>No trade w/England </li></ul><ul><li>British continental property confiscated </li></ul><ul><li>All vessels touching only at British port subject to seizure! </li></ul>
  3. 3. England: Orders in Council <ul><li>All colonial goods must go on British ships/neutral ships who pay duty </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the “neutral shipper”? </li></ul><ul><li>British board our ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you helping the French? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you harboring “deserters”? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impressing of 9,000 sailors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Are they all deserters? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Embargo of 1807 <ul><li>Attack on USS Chesapeake </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson & Sec’y of State Madison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Our ships will STAY HOME </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who does this make unhappy? </li></ul><ul><li>US exports fall from $108 million to $22 million in one year </li></ul><ul><li>The smuggling ► leads to the Force Act </li></ul>
  5. 5. “Indian Issues” out West <ul><li>Shawnee chief Tecumseh </li></ul><ul><li>Tenskwatawa (“the Prophet” </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial gov’r of Indiana – General William Henry Harrison </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian/British alliance </li></ul>
  6. 6. Tecumseh
  7. 7. Reasons to be mad at the British: <ul><li>Impressing our sailors, stopping our ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern planters ► want Florida (why?) </li></ul><ul><li>Arming Indians against us! </li></ul><ul><li>American pride and honor </li></ul><ul><li>Possible expansion into Canada? </li></ul>
  8. 8. President James Madison <ul><li>How to pressure England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through Canada directly and sugar islands indirectly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is everybody a war hawk? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress: 79 to 49 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Senate: 19 to 13 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. New England wants to be neutral! <ul><li>Trade with England is their business </li></ul><ul><li>Where are most of our banking interests? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do they make loans to support the war? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Royal Navy: why blockade our pals? </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggling </li></ul>
  10. 10. Military Action Starts <ul><li>General William Hull marches to Canada – summer 1812 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surprised/embarrassed by Tecumseh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retreat! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry on the Great Lakes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More successful </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. The War of 1812
  12. 13. More action . . . <ul><li>General William Henry invades Canada 1813 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battle of the Thames (Tecumseh dies) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Winfield Scott </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Battles over New York/Canadian border </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why aren’t those New Englanders sending him help? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 14. General Winfield Scott
  14. 15. New England Resists <ul><li>Our militias can only fight in our state </li></ul><ul><li>We don’t want to pay the high taxes </li></ul><ul><li>1814: New England Federalists meet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secede from union? (not much support) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revise constitution? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limit presidency to one four-year term </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rotate presidency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial embargoes can only last 2 months </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. South, West ENTHUSED <ul><li>Andy Jackson at Horseshoe Bend, MS – 1814 </li></ul>
  16. 17. Burn the Capitol! <ul><li>Burning of York </li></ul><ul><li>Burning of Washington DC in 1814 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenge! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dolly Madison’s activities </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Shelling Fort McHenry
  18. 19. Everybody’s tired . . . <ul><li>Let’s make peace </li></ul><ul><li>1814 negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Can we get Florida? Canada? </li></ul><ul><li>Can England get a “buffer zone”? </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s just stop fighting . . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas Eve, 1814 ► Treaty of Ghent </li></ul>
  19. 20. Our Negotiators at Ghent <ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Albert Gallatin </li></ul>
  20. 21. Battle of New Orleans <ul><li>News travels slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson annihilates the British at New Orleans </li></ul><ul><li>Andy = National hero!! </li></ul>
  21. 22. Whoops! <ul><li>The hero has entered Florida without permission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Takes forts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executes a couple British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sec’y of State John Quincy Adams’ response </li></ul><ul><li>The public’s response </li></ul>
  22. 23. Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 <ul><li>Andrew Jackson’s illegal actions make this easier </li></ul><ul><li>Spain cedes us Florida </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do they give in so easily? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We give up claims to part of “Spanish Texas” </li></ul><ul><li>We take over $5 million Spanish debt </li></ul>

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