The War of 1812
“aka”
nd
The 2 Fight for Independence
1812-1814
Madison is in office and tensions with
Britain are rising ...
Non-Intercourse Act
► Forbid trade (embargo) with France or

Britain and will reopen trade with country
that removed its t...
Tecumseh and Tippecanoe

► Tecumseh tries to

unite Indians against
white settler who were
taking their land
► William Hen...
Causes of War of 1812

► War Hawks: Members of

Congress that voted for the
war

 Mainly Southern and Western
farmers

► ...
America’s Strategy
►Attack Canada on
foot…
unsuccessful
►Take British ships
►Defeat Natives

Britain’s Strategy
► Navy wou...
Raid on Washington, D.C.

► British fleet within

marching distance of
capitol
► defeated the militia
and entered the city...
Baltimore

► Baltimore was ready for

British after burning of
capitol
► Finally the British left
after hours of
bombardme...
The Battle of New Orleans

► Victory led by

General Andrew
Jackson
► Didn’t need to be
fought because it was
two weeks af...
The Treaty of Ghent

► Treaty ended the War of

1812 but nothing else
really changed
► The war increased
American prestige...
The Hartford Convention
►New England’s/Federalists opposition

was increasing
►New England met in Hartford,
Connecticut to...
The Results of War of 1812
►Andrew Jackson is a national hero
►Destroyed the Federalist Party

because

 Of Hartford Conv...
Adams-Onis Treaty
►Spain

ceded
(gave)
Florida to
America
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Goal 1 The War of 1812

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Goal 1 The War of 1812

  1. 1. The War of 1812 “aka” nd The 2 Fight for Independence 1812-1814 Madison is in office and tensions with Britain are rising quickly
  2. 2. Non-Intercourse Act ► Forbid trade (embargo) with France or Britain and will reopen trade with country that removed its trade restrictions first… trying to play Britain and France against each other ► In 1810 Congress said US would trade with both but if either country agreed to drop its restrictions, the US would stop importing goods from the other that didn’t…France takes the bait while Britain holds out
  3. 3. Tecumseh and Tippecanoe ► Tecumseh tries to unite Indians against white settler who were taking their land ► William Henry Harrison goes with troops to Tippecanoe and burns their town…they give up more land
  4. 4. Causes of War of 1812 ► War Hawks: Members of Congress that voted for the war  Mainly Southern and Western farmers ► Why go to War? (Causes)  Impressment (biggest cause)  Freedom of the seas  trade restrictions ► Too many embargoes and tariffs  Native Americans were being armed by the British They get War in June 1812 John Calhoun
  5. 5. America’s Strategy ►Attack Canada on foot… unsuccessful ►Take British ships ►Defeat Natives Britain’s Strategy ► Navy would raid cities along the coast ► cut New England off from the rest of the country ► Seize New Orleans and close the Mississippi River to western farmers …America would be forced to make peace
  6. 6. Raid on Washington, D.C. ► British fleet within marching distance of capitol ► defeated the militia and entered the city unopposed ► Madison and other officials fled ► Burnt the White House and the Capitol …America morale at all time low
  7. 7. Baltimore ► Baltimore was ready for British after burning of capitol ► Finally the British left after hours of bombardment on Fort McHenry  Francis Scott Key celebrated the American victory by writing the “Star Spangled Banner”
  8. 8. The Battle of New Orleans ► Victory led by General Andrew Jackson ► Didn’t need to be fought because it was two weeks after the Treaty of Ghent had ended the war already but leads to increase in patriotism ► Jackson becomes a war hero…what will
  9. 9. The Treaty of Ghent ► Treaty ended the War of 1812 but nothing else really changed ► The war increased American prestige on the seas and created a new spirit of patriotism/nationalism
  10. 10. The Hartford Convention ►New England’s/Federalists opposition was increasing ►New England met in Hartford, Connecticut to consider secession (leaving the Union) ►Significance: Their threat of secession will destroy the Federalist Party
  11. 11. The Results of War of 1812 ►Andrew Jackson is a national hero ►Destroyed the Federalist Party because  Of Hartford Convention  Against war but an American victory ►nationalism surged ►Indian defeats created 4 new states
  12. 12. Adams-Onis Treaty ►Spain ceded (gave) Florida to America

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