Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
War of 1812<br />
What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?<br />US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized. <br />Br...
Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair”<br /><ul><li>June 21, 1807.
Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.
3 dead, 18 wounded.
Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.
Jefferson’s Response:
Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.
Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.</li></li></ul><li>Economic Diplomacy Fails<br />Embargo ...
Embargo Act<br />Jefferson hoped that withholding US goods would force France and Britain to respect US neutrality.<br />I...
Jefferson FarewellEnter James Madison<br />Jefferson did not want to run for a 3rd term<br />Madison was Jefferson’s Secre...
What was Madison’s role leading up to The War of 1812?<br />Non-Intercourse Act<br />Forbade trade with France and Britain...
The Non-Intercourse Act (1809)<br /><ul><li>Replaced the Embargo Act.
Remained U. S. policy until 1812.
Unexpected Consequences:
N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].
Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.
Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!</li></li></ul><li>“Wa...
Support for war was strongest in the West and South
Congressional debate was heated
Opposition strongest in New England and New York
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

1812

3,701 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

1812

  1. 1. War of 1812<br />
  2. 2. What are some major events leading to The War of 1812?<br />US shipping was being harassed, and cargo was seized. <br />Britain required licenses for ships bound for Europe<br />France confiscated cargo from licensed ships<br />Impressment of American sailors <br />Many British sailors became naturalized US citizens and deserted British vessels and joined American crews.<br />British Navy kidnapped these sailors off American ships and had them rejoin the British Navy<br />
  3. 3. Chesapeake-Leopard “Affair”<br /><ul><li>June 21, 1807.
  4. 4. Br. Captain fired on the USS Chesapeake.
  5. 5. 3 dead, 18 wounded.
  6. 6. Br. Foreign Office said it was a mistake.
  7. 7. Jefferson’s Response:
  8. 8. Forbade Br. ships to dock in American ports.
  9. 9. Ordered state governors to call up as much as 100,000 militiamen.</li></li></ul><li>Economic Diplomacy Fails<br />Embargo Act of 1807 halted all trade with Europe<br />Embargo is a government ban on trade with other countries<br />Embargo was unpopular in port cities, especially in the North<br />
  10. 10. Embargo Act<br />Jefferson hoped that withholding US goods would force France and Britain to respect US neutrality.<br />It hurt the US more than Britain or France.<br />w/o European buyers American crops would rot in storage<br />Those in the shipping business lost jobs<br />Ended in 1809.<br />
  11. 11. Jefferson FarewellEnter James Madison<br />Jefferson did not want to run for a 3rd term<br />Madison was Jefferson’s Secretary of State<br />Madison was an author of 30 of the 81 the Federalist Papers (including No. 10 and No. 51)<br />Considered the most important contributor to the Constitution<br />Also the shortest President <br />
  12. 12. What was Madison’s role leading up to The War of 1812?<br />Non-Intercourse Act<br />Forbade trade with France and Britain; however President could reopen trade when either France or Britain lifted restrictions<br />War Hawks<br />Southern congressmen favored war, even though it hurt the east<br />
  13. 13. The Non-Intercourse Act (1809)<br /><ul><li>Replaced the Embargo Act.
  14. 14. Remained U. S. policy until 1812.
  15. 15. Unexpected Consequences:
  16. 16. N. Eng. was forced to become self-sufficient again [old factories reopened].
  17. 17. Laid the groundwork for US industrial power.
  18. 18. Jefferson, a critic of an industrial America, ironically contributed to Hamilton’s view of the US!!!</li></li></ul><li>“War Hawks”<br /><ul><li>Vocal supporters of war with Britain
  19. 19. Support for war was strongest in the West and South
  20. 20. Congressional debate was heated
  21. 21. Opposition strongest in New England and New York
  22. 22. June 1812 war is declared</li></ul>Henry Clay [KY]<br />John C. Calhoun [SC]<br />
  23. 23. British instigate trouble with Native Americans<br />Native American leaders objected to treaties being negotiated b/w individuals who had no business negotiating treaties<br />Settlers did not honor treaties<br />Britain encouraged Native American resistance and supplied them with weapons<br />
  24. 24. Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811<br /><ul><li>General William HenryHarrison  governor ofthe Indiana Territory.
  25. 25. Invited Native Indianchiefs to Ft. Wayne, INto sign away 3 mil. acres of land to the US government.
  26. 26. Tecumseh organized a confederacy of Indian tribes to fight for their homelands.
  27. 27. Tecumseh’s brother fought against Harrison and was defeated at Tippecanoe.
  28. 28. This made Harrison a national hero![1840 election  Tippecanoe & Tyler, too!]</li></li></ul><li>What were some of the benefits of going to war with Britain?<br />To allow reopening of trade<br />National Pride<br />To stop the impressment of sailors<br />CANADA!!!<br />
  29. 29. What were some drawbacks to going to war?<br />Not everyone in the US wanted to go to war<br />Military was small<br />Standing Army was small<br />Militia comprised most of our forces, and they did not like to fight outside of their state borders<br />Navy was quite small only 22 ships<br />Britain was a great Superpower and could crush us like a bug and we could lose territory that was gained in the Treaty of Paris or the Louisiana Purchase<br />
  30. 30. Declaration of War<br />June of 1812 Madison asked Congress for declaration of war<br />Vote was split along regional lines<br />War started with Invasion of Canada <br />
  31. 31. Major Battles<br />US Burns York (now Toronto)<br />US figured the Canadians would welcome the Americans and quickly join the US to expel Britain from North America…this did not happen<br />Perry Defeated the British on Lake Erie<br />This gave the US control of Lake Erie<br />Britain Blockades the Eastern Seaboard<br />This prevented shipping from leaving, and made the war more unpopular in the Northeast<br />
  32. 32. Sack of DC<br />In August 1814, British Forces Sailed into Chesapeake Bay and capture Washington D.C.<br />They burn the White House and the Capitol<br />Madison and Congress Barely escape<br />
  33. 33. An anthem is born…<br />Unlike D.C., Baltimore was Ready for the British<br />The City militia inflicted heavy casualties on the British<br />After bombarding Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814 The British abandon the attack<br />Francis Scott Key witnessed the bombardment and penned a poem which becomes the National Anthem. <br />
  34. 34. Treaty of Ghent<br />Treaty was Negotiated in Europe and was signed on Dec. 24, 1814 ending the war of 1812<br />The War ended in a stalemate, where no party gained or lost any territory. <br />The issue of impressment was not addressed, but faded on its own. <br />
  35. 35. Battle of New Orleans<br />Fought after the treaty was signed (but not ratified)<br />Why was New Orleans important?<br />Pirates and Frontiersman fought alongside US troops<br />Made Andrew Jackson a National hero and household name<br />Ensured treaty ratification <br />
  36. 36. If The War of 1812 ended in a tie, why was it important?<br />Gave the United States a National Identity<br />We were able to hold our own against the British<br />Started us thinking about continuing westward expansion<br />Ended bad feelings toward the British<br />Creates a hero in Andrew Jackson and the Western Frontiersmen<br />
  37. 37. Adapted from PPTS created by Ms. Pojer and Mrs. Liguori. Found on www.slideshare.net<br />

×