Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
October 2010
Lance M. Neckar
Professor, Landscape Architecture
College of Design...
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
H. W. S. Cleveland, Park System of Minneapolis, 1883
H. W. S. Cleveland, The Aes...
Ecological Design
research:
2 species
sedimentation and its impact on species, ecologies
centrarchids: largemouth bass, cr...
Indicators and Metrics of Impact/Footprint
Systems + Scale + Complexity of Variables = Footprint and Flows
Economy – locat...
Cases
Emscher Park, Duisburg-Nord, GER
Latz + Partner
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Gustafson Partners
Menomone...
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Duisburg Nord, Emscher Park
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partners
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Ec...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partners
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Ec...
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Duisburg Nord, 200 hectares = 494 acre, part of Emscher Park
Integrated Regional...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partners
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Ec...
stormwater case studies
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity ...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partners
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice:
Connectivity Place Sustainability E...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice: Connectivity, Place, Sustainability,...
Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord
Latz + Partner
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Eco...
Emscher Park, Riverfront Development
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KFPoYPdBx4&...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/partner...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Westergasfabriek
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam
Gustafson Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabili...
Menomonee River Valley
Wenk Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
Menomonee River Valley Redevelopment a...
Crissy Field, San Francisco
Hargreaves Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabil...
Crissy Field, San Francisco
Hargreaves Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabil...
Crissy Field, San Francisco
Hargreaves Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabil...
Crissy Field, San Francisco
Hargreaves Associates
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainabil...
Portland Connections to the Willamette
Jamieson Square, Peter Walker Partners
Tanner Springs Park, Atelier Dreiseitl
Land,...
Portland Connections to the Willamette, Jamieson Square
Peter Walker Partners
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Co...
Portland Connections to the Willamette
Peter Walker Partnets
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place ...
Portland Connections to the Willamette
Peter Walker Partnets
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place ...
Tanner Springs Park
Atelier Dreiseitl
Land, Water, People
New Parks in Practice
Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
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Land, Water, People: New Parks in Practice

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  • H. W. S. Cleveland’s 1883 plan for the Minneapolis Park System shaped the city we have today…. Not a very splashy graphic; but notice that this copy is from the engineering library.
    >
    Cleveland envisioned a democratic city in which the parks would provide everyday access to the city’s principal water bodies, which would be connected by parkways. The park system would protect these waters by public management.
    >
    In 1888 he revised this plan to include Minnehaha Creek. At the juncture of the Creek and the Mississippi he envisioned a large park that would be a state park and the central park of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. The structure of the Minnehaha Creek watershed and the creeks’ connectivity between Lake Minnetonka and the Mississippi River guided this thinking. His plan is a map, of course, but it is special kind of map that proposes an ecological footprint of the city, based in an intelligent infrastructure about water and the watershed. organic, connective and systemic….
  • Here’s another Google science combined with Calvin Fremling science design problem. What if we were to look at a critical impact on the river such as sedimentation. Two –really 3 other ---species are affected by this impact, which comes from outside the main stem of the river, from the watershed where humans have some measure of control.
    >Centrarchids, apparently the scientific name for crappies, bluegills and largemouth bass, populate the backwaters of the river need oxygen. Oxygen in water is depleted by sediment loads, the effect of which is often exacerbated by increases in nitrates and phosphates.
    >
    These, in turn, stimulate algae growth, but not necessarily the growth of plants needed by other animals such as the wild celery needed by canvasback ducks.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • We will need new scientific insights, new organic processes. Janine Benyus’s breakthrough research on biomimicry, proposes the cloning of the processes and structures of nature in design and materials. > This idea holds the promise of science to help us make the map of sustainability across scales and all the design fields. > It may become the most important—and accessible—concept available as we reconceive how we will build here.
  • Land, Water, People: New Parks in Practice

    1. 1. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice October 2010 Lance M. Neckar Professor, Landscape Architecture College of Design CTS Faculty Scholar University of Minnesota Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    2. 2. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice H. W. S. Cleveland, Park System of Minneapolis, 1883 H. W. S. Cleveland, The Aesthetic Development of the United Cities, 1888 Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    3. 3. Ecological Design research: 2 species sedimentation and its impact on species, ecologies centrarchids: largemouth bass, crappies, bluegills ‘Sedimentation has been identified as one of the major causes of habitat degradation of backwater areas of the upper Mississippi River. Sedimentation (deposition of river carried soil and sand) decreases water depth which encourages nuisance growths of aquatic vegetation which may result in stagnation and oxygen depletion.’ http://www.iowadnr.com/fish/programs/research/mississ/mrlmb.h tml wild celery: canvasbacks Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    4. 4. Indicators and Metrics of Impact/Footprint Systems + Scale + Complexity of Variables = Footprint and Flows Economy – location efficiency, regional ratios of improvement Water – stormwater >drinking water, impaired surface waters Carbon – energy and emissions; health Everywhere these problems are also opportunities of the project that has regional and systemic reach: What does Green Mean? Sustainable Landscapes in Theory and Practice Site Focus in Minneapolis and the Metro: Parks and Park Systems Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    5. 5. Cases Emscher Park, Duisburg-Nord, GER Latz + Partner Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam, Netherlands Gustafson Partners Menomonee River Park, Milwaukee, WI Wenk Associates Crissy Field, San Francisco, CA Hargreaves Associates Willamette River Connections, Portland, OR Peter Walker Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    6. 6. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Duisburg Nord, Emscher Park Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    7. 7. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    8. 8. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    9. 9. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Duisburg Nord, 200 hectares = 494 acre, part of Emscher Park Integrated Regional Development; 70 km of connective trails International Bauaustellung (IBA) founded as an umbrella organization to deal with brownfields in the region of the Ruhr Valley. 120 projects IBA has embraced the idea that building and site design are critical components of an environmental, social, and economic regeneration strategy. IBA describes this process as "Architecture Organizing Urban Planning". In 1988-80, the North Rhine Westphalia state government allocated DM 35 million for IBA. Landscape Park in Duisburg-Nord: all expenditures were publicly funded Financing from existing state and national government structural development programs and aid from the European Union. By the summer of 1993, funds spent on 134 projects totaled DM 2.5 billion, with some DM 1.7 billion coming from public sources. Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/partners/emscher.html
    10. 10. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    11. 11. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    12. 12. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    13. 13. stormwater case studies Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    14. 14. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    15. 15. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice: Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    16. 16. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    17. 17. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    18. 18. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    19. 19. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice: Connectivity, Place, Sustainability, Economy Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    20. 20. Emscher Park, Duisburg Nord Latz + Partner Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    21. 21. Emscher Park, Riverfront Development Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3KFPoYPdBx4&feature=player_embedded Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    22. 22. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    23. 23. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    24. 24. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy http://www.epa.gov/brownfields/partners/westergas.html Westergasfbriek 50 hectares (124 acres) Process  The project was developed and coordinated by a district council of the city. Friends of Westerpark selected representatives from more than 500-600 citizens to join members of the district council and project team in forming a new "Park Workgroup" that would examine options. The district council recruited Evert Verhagen, the public works director, to coordinate community activities and temporary uses of the buildings. Visited Duisburg Nord. Citizens filled out questionnaires to develop program : classical music to nightclub parties to art exhibitions; vote for their favorite park design as part of a formal competition. Although the citizen vote on the five designs was split, the competition jury and project team eventually recommended the design by architect Kathryn Gustafson, 1997.  Heavy metals, volatile organic compounds, and benzene leached into the soil. The cleanup plan is a two-phase process: (1) excavating soil where park visitors may directly contact the ground, and (2) building a dam to seal off the contamination "hot spots" while conducting groundwater monitoring. Interim uses of the park have been allowed because all of the heavily-contaminated soil is currently under asphalt.
    25. 25. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    26. 26. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    27. 27. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    28. 28. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    29. 29. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    30. 30. Westergasfabriek Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    31. 31. Westergasfabriek, Amsterdam Gustafson Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    32. 32. Menomonee River Valley Wenk Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    33. 33. Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy Menomonee River Valley Redevelopment and Community Park  Landscape Performance Benefits  Public access to the Menomonee River and over 60 acres of park/open space in a area that had been off-limits to the public for 50+ years.  Added 3 pedestrian/bicycle bridges and 7 miles of regional bike and pedestrian trails, linking greater Milwaukee and neighborhoods to the park, river, and valley.  Increased developer yield (usable land) by 10-12% over conventional development by clustering development sites and consolidating stormwater management.  Increased development site property values by 1,400% between 2002 and 2009. Added over $1 million in annual City property tax revenues. Treats water quality and manages 100-year flood volumes for 100+ acre basin.  Eliminates need for irrigation by using drought-tolerant native plants. Triggered the use of the Menomonee River Valley as an outdoor science laboratory, which receives 10,000 student visits annually http://lafoundation.org/research/landscape-performance-series/case-studies/case-study/135/
    34. 34. Crissy Field, San Francisco Hargreaves Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    35. 35. Crissy Field, San Francisco Hargreaves Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    36. 36. Crissy Field, San Francisco Hargreaves Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    37. 37. Crissy Field, San Francisco Hargreaves Associates Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    38. 38. Portland Connections to the Willamette Jamieson Square, Peter Walker Partners Tanner Springs Park, Atelier Dreiseitl Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    39. 39. Portland Connections to the Willamette, Jamieson Square Peter Walker Partners Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    40. 40. Portland Connections to the Willamette Peter Walker Partnets Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    41. 41. Portland Connections to the Willamette Peter Walker Partnets Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy
    42. 42. Tanner Springs Park Atelier Dreiseitl Land, Water, People New Parks in Practice Connectivity Place Sustainability Economy

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