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Samuel H. Sage1, Hongbin Gao1 and Ping He2               Atlantic States Legal Foundation1 (ASLF)and International Fund fo...
   ASLF    ◦ Established in 1982 to provide affordable legal,      technical and organizational assistance as a way to   ...
Urban Sprawl           Urbanizationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/crouch/2075385806/                                        ...
Lupinus perennis                          Lupinus polyphyllushttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com                    ...
http://steelinterstate.org/topics/preserving-our-landscapeThe construction of the wall between Mexico and the US border ma...
   Channelization   Filling wetlands   Diversion through    turbine and dams   Withdrawal for          Harbor Brook, U...
   Contaminated discharge from industrial and    municipal uses   Runoff and erosion   Air-deposition   CSO           ...
Onondaga Lake, Syracuse, New York, USA
   1884 Solvay Process Co. opens its doors: begins    making soda ash on southwestern shore   1896 Sewers built in city,...
   1901 Ice harvesting banned for health reasons   1907 NYS Attorney General threatens legal action    against SPC for d...
   1955-60 County establishes Metropolitan sewer    district and constructs new primary sewage treatment    plant   1970...
   1975 Crucible Steel starts new wastewater treatment    plant   1979 Allied sells chlorine production facility to LCP ...
   1988 Atlantic States sues county for wastewater    violations; NYS joins suit.   1988 LCP is fined; closes plant.   ...
   First passed in 1972 and subsequently    amended   Section 505 allows for citizens to enforce the    law
   1988, ASLF brings a lawsuit against    Onondaga County for violations of their    permit to discharge to Onondaga Lake...
   Green Infrastructure    ◦   Porous Pavement                    ◦ Stormwater planters    ◦   Rain Gardens              ...
   Gray Infrastructure:    ◦ Commitment to 88.7% annual volume capture in Gray      Infrastructure by 2013   Green Infra...
   Benefit to Water Quality    ◦ Selected Gray Projects maximize storage for advanced     treatment at Metro    ◦ By mana...
   Create Habitat and preserve biodiversity   Improve air quality   Improve neighborhood aesthetics   Create jobs and ...
   Non-Point science and monitoring method   Integrated planning efforts: incorporating    water quality, habitat creati...
Renewing natural processes_in_an_urban_area
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Renewing natural processes_in_an_urban_area

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China January 2012 Talk

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Renewing natural processes_in_an_urban_area

  1. 1. Samuel H. Sage1, Hongbin Gao1 and Ping He2 Atlantic States Legal Foundation1 (ASLF)and International Fund for China’s Environment2 (IFCE) January 2012
  2. 2.  ASLF ◦ Established in 1982 to provide affordable legal, technical and organizational assistance as a way to effectively remediate threats to the natural and built environment. IFCE ◦ Founded in 1996 by a group of scientists and professionals concerned with China’s environmental problems, IFCE aims to ensure a healthy global environment and continued economic development by helping China solve its environmental problems.
  3. 3. Urban Sprawl Urbanizationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/crouch/2075385806/ http://neutradesign.files.wordpress.com/2010/07/urban- sprawl-in-united-states-eden-prairie-aerial-florida.jpg
  4. 4. Lupinus perennis Lupinus polyphyllushttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lupinus_polmons/5/51/Mainelupin.jpg yphyllus.JPG
  5. 5. http://steelinterstate.org/topics/preserving-our-landscapeThe construction of the wall between Mexico and the US border maycause disappearance of 11 animal species with the interruption of theirmigration routes
  6. 6.  Channelization Filling wetlands Diversion through turbine and dams Withdrawal for Harbor Brook, Unchannelized agriculture, industry and human consumption Indirect changes by cutting down trees Harbor Brook, Channelized
  7. 7.  Contaminated discharge from industrial and municipal uses Runoff and erosion Air-deposition CSO http://steelinterstate.org/topics/preserving-our-landscape Unauthorized Industrial Discharge (unidentified location)
  8. 8. Onondaga Lake, Syracuse, New York, USA
  9. 9.  1884 Solvay Process Co. opens its doors: begins making soda ash on southwestern shore 1896 Sewers built in city, backyard privies banned. Sewage flows directly into creeks 1897 Whitefish disappears from Onondaga Lake
  10. 10.  1901 Ice harvesting banned for health reasons 1907 NYS Attorney General threatens legal action against SPC for dumping waste to lake; SPC agrees to keep wastes on land 1917 SPC begins production of chlorine. Also begins producing organic chemicals (benzene, toluene, xylenes, chlorobenzenes) 1920 SPC merges with other industries to form Allied Chemical & Dye Co.
  11. 11.  1955-60 County establishes Metropolitan sewer district and constructs new primary sewage treatment plant 1970 Mercury is discovered in lake fishery. Fishing is banned and Allied is sued by NYS Attorney General 1972 Congress passed Clean Water Act
  12. 12.  1975 Crucible Steel starts new wastewater treatment plant 1979 Allied sells chlorine production facility to LCP Corp. 1979 Metro plant begins secondary treatment 1981 Metro plant begins phosphorus removal 1986 Allied shuts down
  13. 13.  1988 Atlantic States sues county for wastewater violations; NYS joins suit. 1988 LCP is fined; closes plant. 1989 County agrees to settlement. 1989 NYS sues Allied & LCP for natural resource damages; leads to Consent Order in 1992 1994 Onondaga Lake named Superfund site
  14. 14.  First passed in 1972 and subsequently amended Section 505 allows for citizens to enforce the law
  15. 15.  1988, ASLF brings a lawsuit against Onondaga County for violations of their permit to discharge to Onondaga Lake 1989, lawsuit settled 1997, the settlement was renegotiated and amended 2009, further renegotiation requires green infrastructure
  16. 16.  Green Infrastructure ◦ Porous Pavement ◦ Stormwater planters ◦ Rain Gardens ◦ Cisterns ◦ Vegetated curb extensions ◦ Vegetated roofs ◦ Tree trenches Green Water Street Design, Syracuse, New York, USA Go to http://savetherain.us/ for more information
  17. 17.  Gray Infrastructure: ◦ Commitment to 88.7% annual volume capture in Gray Infrastructure by 2013 Green Infrastructure: ◦ Commitment to an additional 6.3% annual volume capture in Green Infrastructure commencing immediately in 2009, resulting in 95% total annual volume capture by 2018 Go to http://savetherain.us/ for more information
  18. 18.  Benefit to Water Quality ◦ Selected Gray Projects maximize storage for advanced treatment at Metro ◦ By managing stormwater before it gets into the Combined Sewer System, ◦ Green Infrastructure eliminates pollutants at the source and reduces discharge volumes to the creek and lake ◦ Also reduces flooding and erosion
  19. 19.  Create Habitat and preserve biodiversity Improve air quality Improve neighborhood aesthetics Create jobs and job training programs Increase property values Enhance community health and vitality
  20. 20.  Non-Point science and monitoring method Integrated planning efforts: incorporating water quality, habitat creation and urban revitalization goals in planning process

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