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Creating and Implementing Green Plans: Mexico City Case Study


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Learn about Mexico City's path to sustainability in this presentation by the city's Minister of the Environment, Martha Delgado

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Creating and Implementing Green Plans: Mexico City Case Study

  1. 2. Challenge : To modify the course and redirect Mexico City in the path of sustainability
  2. 3. <ul><li>Long term vision </li></ul><ul><li>Social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>spirit </li></ul>3 attributes of the Mexico City Government are the starting point:
  3. 4. Green Plan: <ul><li>Set of strategies to bring about high impact changes </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneous attention to critical aspects of the current situation </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Basis of the Green Plan: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guarantee resources regarding quantity, timeliness and manner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bring up to date the legal frameworks and strengthen current regulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent communication campaigns and environmental education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency and accountability to citizens </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Basis of the Green Plan: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Plural Evaluation and Follow up Council </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6. Metropolitan Dynamic: local and state level agreements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>7. Learn from successful international experiences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8. Encourage the conscious civic participation in the whole of the process </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation Land </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habitability and Public Space </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Transportation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change and Energy </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Critical subject matters to be undertaken in a direct and integral manner Period of 2007 to 2022
  7. 8. <ul><li>Green Survey (Aug 07) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>First citizen’s opinion on environmental policies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More than one million participants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Expansion of BRT lines and subway system 81% </li></ul><ul><li>Replacement of minibuses for clean units 89% </li></ul><ul><li>Use of clean energies in taxis 88% </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory school bus transportation 64% </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Saturday circulation of private cars 71% </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery of public spaces and green areas 83% </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory verification of commercial vehicles 91% </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment facilities, pluvial absorption wells and </li></ul><ul><li>Lakes recovery 94% </li></ul><ul><li>Severe penalties to protected areas </li></ul><ul><li>trespasser 93% </li></ul><ul><li>Installation of an Recycling & Energy Generation Centre 92% </li></ul>TOPIC APROVAL
  8. 9. Green Survey Children’s survey Safe use of bicycles, skates and skateboards in the City 93.5% Separation of waste into organic and inorganic at home 5 7.0% Use of school bus transport 83.3% Proximity to parks 60.7% Water conservation 91.9% TOPIC APROVAL
  9. 10. 71.9% Adults 71.0% Ballots 21.3% Teenagers 27.5% Telephone 6.7% Children 2.0% Internet Green Survey Results : All inhabitants of the capital city desire a better city to live in from now on Population groups Voting methods
  10. 11. <ul><li>Tangible environmental improvement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Responsibility: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitability and Public Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World Commitment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change and Energy </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Set of strategies and main actions Topic Strategies Actions Conservation Land 4 19 Water 5 22 Air Quality 3 4 Waste Management 4 20 Habitability and Public Space 3 18 Transportation 5 23 Climate Change & Energy 3 9
  12. 13. <ul><li>Conservation Land </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>60% of Mexico City is rural territory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is catalogued as “conservation land” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>It brings about: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean air </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endemic species habitat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recreational and tourism spaces </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Conservation Land Objective: Recover it as a key space of environmental balance of Mexico City <ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zero human settlement expansion imposing more severe penalties, recover of occupied spaces by irregular settlements and creating a specialized surveillance force. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Restoration and conservation of ecosystems that have high environmental value, among them the Magdalena and Eslava rivers, reversing their degradation 100%. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Payment for environmental services and goods to compensate for conservation costs. Parallel to creating green taxes and environmental damage compensations. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promotion of agroecosystems and natural resources sustainable management. In this topic we are primarily interested in preserving the germoplasma of the native corn species and timely detection of transgenics. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Conservation Land Integral recovery of the Magdalena River Considered the last “live river in Mexico City” 16 kilometers within the conservation area, sewage in the urban area <ul><li>Some actions: </li></ul><ul><li>Draining of the forestry ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Hydraulic systems for aquiferous recharge, separation of discharges and water treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration of a Master Plan for conservation and management </li></ul><ul><li>Initial investment: 9,700, 000 sterling pounds. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Conservation Land Payment for environmental services to commoners and peasants owners of forests that support the conservation tasks <ul><li>Some actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creation of a fund of 970,000 pounds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integration of six agrarian centers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13,554 protected hectares </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>57% of the targeted goal for 2012 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 17. Water Objective: To attain hydric self-sufficiency and the integral management of water in Mexico City <ul><li>Strategies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To reach hydraulic balance of the aquiferous with an improved exploitation of water springs, actions in the conservation land that guarantee its natural recharge and expansion of the absorption wells. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce domestic use water consumption through micro-measurement systems, restrictive measures to belated users, encourage the use of low consumption restroom accessories and promote an efficient water culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminish water losses because of leaks by modernizing the supply network, controlling house leakages and regularizing irregular taps. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase the reuse and treatment of water by improving the drainage system and building treatment facilities in key spots of the City. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recover the lacustrian and hydric regulation predisposition of the Tlahuac and Xochimilco parks. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><li>Some actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Repair of 11,756 leakages </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase of the drainage system capacity in 50% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking water network substitution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance and construction of drinkable water processing facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase of water treatment capacity in 200% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utilization of pluvial water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Investment: 193,000,000 pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recovery of 3.5 cubic meters of water per second </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to the requirements of a town of 1.2 million inhabitants, considering a 250 liters per day per person ratio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Certainty of providing water to City areas where now-a-days it’s scarce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvement of the integral management of water in Mexico City </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Air Quality Objective: To control atmospheric pollutants that have a significant presence and affect the health of the population (ozone and fine particles) and reduce the emission of toxic pollutants. <ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to the fact that government emissions amount to 3.5% of the City’s total, 100% of its vehicle equipment will be substituted for energetically efficient and low polluting units from now until 2012. And vehicle verification will become mandatory for commercial vehicles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gradually substitute the different types of current public transport for greater capacity models and clean technology Euro IV in Metrobuses and RTP system. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substitution of 5 thousand minibuses for new units with greater capacity and less polluting technology, and 100% of taxis for less polluting units. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Waste Management Objective: Put into action an integral and sustainable system for management of urban solid residues. <ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage industry, with regulations and incentives , to redesign their packing and crating materials using biodegradable and easily recyclable materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen from its source, at home, businesses and government offices , the separation and recycling of waste. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create and promote environmental markets , massive elaboration of natural fertilizers and the building of recycling facilities for construction waste. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernize recollection methods , concentration, transfer, treatment and final disposition of waste and use of these for energy production. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Waste Management </li></ul><ul><li>Some actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Permanent campaign to separate, at home or office, waste into organic and inorganic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training staff in recycling issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernize and increase the number of waste selection facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building an Integral Waste Management Center </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide tax incentives to businesses that amount for 611,000 pounds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 2007 the reduction of these emissions was attained: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>125 tons of nitrogen oxide impact to the atmosphere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.10 tons of organic waste into the drainage system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.8 tons of suspended solids </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>240 kilograms of grease and oils </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Almost 3.5 tons of batteries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Climate Change and Energy Objective: To reduce green house gases emissions, encourage and strengthen the renewable energies market and undertake actions to adapt the population to climate change. <ul><li>Strategies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To begin, reduce the vulnerability of Mexico City and develop adaptation actions for the population to diminish potential risks in security and health areas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support all actions of the Green Plan that bring about the reduction of green house gas emissions with specific measures that take advantage of the benefits derived of the sale of carbon bonds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elaborate the Climate Change Action Plan for Mexico City . </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Climate Change Some actions: <ul><ul><ul><li>Provide permanent regulations that will assure savings and efficient use of energy in the public, social and private sectors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulation and efficient use of equipments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Substitution and promotion of alternative fuels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of new technologies to produce energy and the use of renewable energies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Development of actions in the forestry sector to capture carbon </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Habitability and Public Space Objective: Regain and create public spaces that contribute to help social integration and an improved habitability with comfort and fairness. <ul><li>Strategies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implement regulating projects with ample public spaces, designed with sustainability and habitability criteria. We want to recover sub-utilized areas, bring about new models of social housing, regulate the noise levels and establish the “Clean Building Seal”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidate the existing corridors with a recreational-environmental disposition to ensure a collective enjoyment: to appropriate roofs, roundabouts, center dividers and streets; and make every inhabitant a user and guardian of these spaces. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reach the target of nine square meters of green areas per inhabitant by creating new parks and corridors. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Some actions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthening and creation of public spaces with: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Treated water network </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pluvial collectors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban furnishings for children, seniors and disabled persons </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Organic and inorganic waste disposal bins </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency phones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solar lighting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Habitability and Public Space Building of the new urban park Iztapalapa in an area of 36,000 square meters “ Manos a la obra ” (Hands into it) program among authorities and citizens Benefits: Recovery of 598 public spaces out of the 1000 target for 2012
  25. 26. Habitability and Public Spaces The 2008 Road System Program The most ambitious and aggressive road system program since the 1980’s <ul><li>· 360 kilometers of new, modernized or with integral maintenance roads. </li></ul><ul><li>· Bridges, bypasses, main avenue connectors </li></ul><ul><li>· High passes, geometric revamps. </li></ul><ul><li>· Pedestrian bridge crossings substitution. </li></ul><ul><li>· Maintenance work of main and tourist avenues: Reforma, Chapultepec and Insurgentes. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investment: more than 222,000,000 pounds </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Sustainable Transportation Objective : Recover the road system for an efficient, less polluting and quality mass transportation while at the same time promote non-motorized transportation. <ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Develop 250 kilometers of mass transport and reorganize the stops of the private mass transport. The Metrobus system will expand at a pace of two corridors per year from now until 2012 and the conclusion of the extension of subway line 12 for 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit the number of vehicles circulating : commercial vehicles will circulate in specific schedules having priority those that use environmental technologies, taxi with no passenger circulation will be restrained and for 2012 the use of school bus transportation will be mandatory for all private schools. </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Strategies: </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage non-motorized transportation , mainly the use of bicycles as recreation and transport means by having at least 400 kilometers of bicycle lanes in 2012; promote interchangeable travel with an efficient and vast public system. A number of streets will become pedestrian in historic downtowns, districts and towns that appeal to the enjoyment of Mexico City. </li></ul>Sustainable Transportation
  28. 29. Transportation <ul><li>Strategies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expedite traffic movement , for which we will have an intelligent traffic light system, reversible roads, adjustment of areas detected as problematic, restriction of vehicle circulation on Saturdays and a planned encouragement to the installation of parking meters and parking lots in strategic zones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthen a road culture that guarantees a harmonious relation between pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and motorists, as well as drivers and users of public transport. </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Sustainable Transportation First benefits: <ul><li>First BRT corridors in Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of 50% on time invested to transit Insurgentes Avenue </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of carbon monoxide emissions in almost 29,000 tons a year </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of the construction of the second BRT corridor </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing work for the completion of the 12 th subway system line </li></ul>
  30. 31. Sustainable Transportation Non-motorized transportation actions: Results: 2,800 bicycle-civil-servants 40 Sunday promenades with 170 thousand persons 7 cyclethons with over 200 thousand participants Construction of the first bicycle lane from the National Auditorium to Scotiabank <ul><li>First goal: </li></ul><ul><li>To build 400 kilometers of bicycle lanes up to the year 2012 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Formulation of a survey on origin and destination </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiation of international funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design of a Master Plan that assures feasibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Second goal: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the use of bicycles </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate with government actions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Since the first Monday of April civil servants go voluntarily to work riding their bicycles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It began with approximately 2,000 persons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Since Sunday May 13 th there is a 10 kilometer corridor for non-motorized transport Sunday promenades </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist corridor Chapultepec Forest-Reforma-Zocalo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of bicycles, skateboards, skates, wheelchairs, child carriages… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cyclethons of 32 kilometers last Sunday of each month </li></ul></ul></ul>
  31. 32. Green Plan Government initiative fully supported by recognized universities, specialists, businesspeople, civil society organizations and citizens Co-responsibility of various Government Offices: Mexico City Head of Government Office Chief Administrative Unit Secretariat of the Interior Secretariat of the Environment Secretariat of Urban Development and Housing Secretariat of Transport and Road System Secretariat of Construction and Services Secretariat of Public Security Secretariat of Education Secretariat of Health Secretariat of Social Development Secretariat of Rural Development and Equality Coordination for the efficient use of Energy Historic Downtown Authority Live instrument that enriches and re-dimensions itself with actions and enthusiastic participation of people
  32. 33. Human capital of Mexico City: Certitude and strength of the Green Plan
  33. 34. Martha Delgado Minister of Environment Mexico City Government [email_address]