• When YOU do a
HOW do you decide
what results are
• What would help
you be better at
Ability to evaluate ANY
type of information
source to see if it meets
• Most students consider FORMAT to
be THE most important criterion for
• Joe Student: “INTERNET is best!!!”
• “A source should be judged for what it
contains, NOT how it is stored or
produced” (Quaratiello, 2011, p. 21).
• Different types of sources pull their
information from different places.
• The type of source can give you an
idea of where the information they
used came from.
At what stage of the cycle
of information was your
And what does this
Turn on the
• As an event occurs, you get live
reporting and footage.
• Immediately after an event, you get
more reporting and eyewitness
• The further away from an event that
you get, the more ANALYSIS you will
find. • News Analysis
• Expert Analysis
• Scholarly Analysis
• Are the sources listed?
– Are they scholarly?
– Are they popular?
– Are they credible?
– How old are they?
• Can they be checked?
A source with verifiable sources of
• Has the information been reviewed or
“With clear documentation, a
reader can hypothetically check
the ACCURACY of a given
source”(Quaratiello, 2011, p. 29).
• Absence of errors – spelling,
POINT OF VIEW
• Every source is going
to have a point of view.
• Does the author tell you
his/her point of view?
• Are both sides
• Is information
• Some sources have a
BIASED point of view.
• Is one side presented
exclusively or far more
than the other?
• Is charged or emotional
• Evaluate what a simple Google search
on your topic provides
• Practice using the CRAAP Test
– Evaluate the 2 Web sources you found
• Practice using the CRAAP Test on
– Scholarly Journal Article
• Find a scholarly journal article on your
topic using Google Scholar
– Cite it in MLA or APA
– Evaluate it using CRAAP Test
• Keep | Start | Stop
• List ONE thing you would like your
instructor to KEEP, START, and STOP
• List ONE thing YOU would like to
KEEP, START, and STOP doing in
order to do well in this course.
Quaratiello, A. (2011). The college
student’s research companion:
Finding, evaluating, and citing the
resources you need to succeed (5th
ed.). New York, NY: Neal-Schuman.