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Dorchester Academy: A History of Service



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Dorchester Academy: A History of Service

  1. 1. Dorchester Academy A HISTORY OF SERVICE National Historic Landmark
  2. 2. In the Beginning: • Freed slaves led William Golden requested assistances from the American Missionary Association • . The American Missionary Association, founded in September 1848, was formed when four organizations: The Amistad Committee, the Union Missionary Society, Committee for West India Missions, and the Western Evangelical Missionary Society combined. After the Emancipation of Slaves in 1865 Freed Slaves hungered for an education
  3. 3. In the Beginning: A School for the Education of African Americans In liberty County: The AMA responded to Golden’s plan by sending Elisa Ann Ward, who stayed for two years followed by Rev. Floyd Snelson
  4. 4. Quest for Knowledge The AMA was a constant and committed supporter
  5. 5. School Principal and Teachers By 1892, Dorchester was enjoying prosperity with eight teachers
  6. 6. Christian Endeavor Hall Boys Dormitory Build :1890
  7. 7. Teachers, Girl Home & Dining Hall Boarding began in 1889-90 1892 : the school had 367 students As many as 119 students we being taught in one room
  8. 8. Vocational Training The initial goal of the academy was to provide a liberal education to the community. Soon after the academy was established, the need for industrial education became apparent and the curriculum was expanded to meet the this need. By 1897 the African American community was competing in the workforce for jobs in the vocational trades
  9. 9. Vocational Training Class Vocational training focused on the immediate trade needs for: blacksmiths bricklayers carpenters plasterers and wheelwrights.
  10. 10. Vocational Training Building
  11. 11. “Self helpfulness makes for selfhood” Girls were also instructed in: Cooking Sewing Dressmaking and related industries
  12. 12. Breaking News: A new era 1896: The first high school graduates in Liberty County, Black or White were; Sarah Morrison and Frank C. Daniels Liberty County
  13. 13. Twosister,LouiseandEdith Goldingwalkedupto16 milesdailytoattendclasses atDorchester. During1918-1919 school year,hadperfectattendance andcompletedtwoyrsclass workinoneandahalf years
  14. 14. Began her six year tenure as Dorchester Academy’s sole female African American principal in 1925. Secured accreditation for Dorchester, expanded athletic program, adding swimming, tennis, and Football. Improved Baseball, Basketball and Track. Created an alumni assoc. Revitalized the parent teacher association. Installed new electrical and water pumping system, and a septic system Elizabeth Moore
  15. 15. Sports
  16. 16. file://localhost/.file/id =6571367.731882
  17. 17. Dorchester Academy exceeded Georgia’s suggested curriculum for African American students. In 1933 it earned the coveted “A” rating from the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. In 1934 the entire graduating class was admitted to college.
  18. 18. Commencement Program 1940
  19. 19. The End of an era: • The school served the community well until 1940 when it was closed as funding from County Board of Education was finally released for the education of African Americans • Many graduates of Dorchester would go on the teach grades 1 through 8th in many of the Rosenwald schools across the south The College of Liberty County:
  20. 20. : • Although the school was closed, Dorchester Academy provided a multitude of services for the community including a credit union, two farmer’s cooperatives, a medical clinic, and a political council • A community center full of community activities; concerts, ball games, • Dances, festivals • Voter education Still Serving;
  21. 21. The Dorchester Farmer’s Cooperative Inc. (DFCI) purchased a 1943 Model H Farm All International Harvester Tractor for $1455.00 on August 14, 1943. The risky investment paid off when farmers outside the union rented it on a regular basis.
  22. 22. Medical Services  Dr. Westly J. Ball  B.S.: Morehouse Graduate  M.S.: Atl University  MD: MeHarry Medical College   Practiced In Savannah and in  Boys Dorm at Dorchester  On Monday and Wednesday  Practiced Surgery in Savannah for 30 years  He was installed as Chief of Staff at Candler General Hospital in Savannah in 1987
  23. 23. Rev. DR. Matrin Luther King, Jr. 1961- 1970
  24. 24. Justice & Equity
  25. 25. Justice & Equity Andrew Young Martin Luther King
  26. 26. Legendary visitors to Dorchester during the CEP  Ralph Abernathy  Andy Young  Wyatt T. Walker  Fred Shuttlesworth  Fannie L. Hammer James Bevel Rep. Tyrone Brooks  Hosea Williams  Jessie Jackson
  27. 27. Septima Clark
  28. 28. Dorchester Academy Museum of African American History S. C. L. C. AND THE VOTER EDUCATION PROGRAM 1962 - 1970 CITIZENSHIP SCHOOLS Dorchester Cooperative Center played a key role in the struggle for civil rights and the vote. In 1954, Septima Clarke, a school teacher from Charleston, SC and Esau Jenkins, a farmer and school bus driver from Johns Island, SC, were on the forefront of grassroots efforts to make voter registration a reality. With the support from the Highlander Folk School, they devised a plan to help rural adults to pass literacy and citizenship tests. The first Citizenship School, known as the Progressive Club, was established on Johns Island, SC. But in 1961 control of the Citizenship School Program was transferred from Highlander Folk School to the American Missionary Association who acted on the behalf of the Southern Christian Leadership Council. The Citizenship School moved its headquarters to the Dorchester Community Center. The Citizenship Education Program operated at Dorchester from 1961 to 1970. During that period, 897 Citizenship Schools were established, SCLC leadership planned their Birmingham demonstrations. LEADERSHIP Septima Clark supervised instruction at Dorchester; Andrew Young administered the program; and Dorothy Cotton served as a “cultural emissary” and used music and folklore to generate interest in the program. During their tenure at Dorchester, Clarke, Young and Cotton drove all over the South recruiting prospective students. Students were bused to Dorchester for a week-long training program that began on Monday morning and ended after a Saturday night banquet. The program was designed to get participants home in time for church so that they could then share what they had learned at Dorchester with others, and hopefully, establish citizenship classes in their own communities. Septima Clarke with Rosa Parks at Highlander in the late 1950s. First night of a week-long training session at Dorchester (September 1961). Pictured standing is Bernice Robertson and to her right , Septima Clarke
  29. 29. Top:JamesBevelandhisFamily DorothyCottontrainsasMLK andAndy lookson.
  30. 30. “THEY WALK, TALK, AND ACT LIKE NEW PEOPLE”: BLACK WOMEN AND THE CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION PROGRAM, 1957-1970 BY DEANNA M. GILLESPIE BA, Mount Holyoke College, 1990 MA, State University of New York – Binghamton, 2003 DISSERTATION Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in History in the Graduate School of Binghamton University State University of New York 2008
  31. 31. CitizenshipSchool: Whatthey learned: “They wanted to read the newspaper, read the Bible , how to fill out an application, a money order, order things from a catalog, write their names in cursive, keep a bank account. What it means to be a citizen, discuss community problem and develop solutions. How to overcome issues in getting registered to vote. The schools also taught students to memorize parts of the state constitution.
  32. 32. A Resounding Success!!!! 5 months before President Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act in 1964, CEP classes since July 1961; 1,413 Local leaders had attended CEP classes at Dorchester returning to teach 947 classes in communities across the south. Over 23,500 students had attended CEP in this four year period .
  33. 33. The Heritage Room
  34. 34. We invite you to tour the campus
  35. 35. 2006------------------A New Museum
  36. 36. Museum wall- in the beginning
  37. 37. Museum bookstore
  38. 38. Museum wall – Foundations for living
  39. 39. Museum wall The Glory Years…….
  40. 40. Condition assessment :2002
  41. 41. Condition Acessment:2002 .
  42. 42. Before Renovations:
  43. 43. After Renovations:
  44. 44. file://localhost/.file/id=6571367.727901
  45. 45. World Heritage Site List includes : 1073 Properties World Wide Only Properties of Outstanding Universal Value that meet at least one of ten strict Criteria as vetted by The World Heritage Committee are inscribed on the World Heritage List. 1. Authenticity 2. Integrity. 3. Comparative Value 4. Appropriate boundaries. 5. Adequate buffer zone 6. Protection. 7.Management plans 8. Must be a national landmark
  46. 46. United States World Heritage sites Everglades, Great smoky Mountains, Mammoth Caves University of Virginia, Independence Hall Statue of Liberty, Cahokia Poverty Point, San Antonio Missions Carlsbad Caverns, Taos Pueblo Chaco Culture, Masa Verdes Waterton Glacier, Grand Canyon, Yosemite, Redwood Olympic
  47. 47. I-95, Exit 76 Midway