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Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G

Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G - Presentation from Kathrein

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Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G

  1. 1. Antenna Evolution From 4G to 5G June 2016, M. Göttl
  2. 2. 2 New Use Cases – 5G Market Approach | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 5G Mobile Communication New Technology Automotive Adaption to 5G Smart Building/ IoT Industry 4.0/ Localisation Indoor Services – Small Cell Solutions Broadcast Converngence (eMBMS) CAR Macro GNSS Infrastructure UE / Roadside V2X V2V D2D MTC eMBMS Broadcast Macro
  3. 3. 3 Actively Shaping the Connected World | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Satellite Reception Solutions Indoor Capacity Solutions Mobile Communication Solutions Broadcast Solutions Automotive Solutions Broadband Solutions
  4. 4. 4 RF Trends Towards 5G | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | eMBMS Cell Densification Spectrum / Bandwidth Extension Spectrum / Spectral Efficiency
  5. 5. 5 Magic Triangle for Antennas | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Array Antennas Multiband Antennas Multi Cell Antennas Network Densification Spectrum Extension Spatial Multiplex Access Massive MIMO4X-Array DAS Street Connect … 10-Port … 12-Port …Multibeam
  6. 6. 6 2020 Makro BS 1990 2004 Combiner TMA GSM900 UMTS2100 Koax BS GSM 900 KoaxFeeder 2011 RRH & Radio Server GSM900 Radio Server LTE 800 RRH Optfibre DC48V Koax GSM900 Radio Server LTE 800 R R H Optfibre DC48V Koax Multiband Active Antenna 4x4, 8x8 MIMO or MASSIVE MIMO? Radio Server Optfibre DC48V From Passive to Active Antennas | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 2015 Active Antenna 2 Bands 4x4 MIMO Radio Server Optfibre Optfibre mm Wave for massive MIMO 2017 Radio Server DC48V DC48V
  7. 7. 7 How to increase Data Rates ? | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | MIMO & Massive MIMO LTE: 2x2 MIMO LTE: 4x4 MIMO LTE-A: 8x8 MIMO 5G: Massive MIMO Interference Reduction Optimized pattern: - Front/Side Ratio - F/B Ratio - SPR - Sidelobes Sectorization Horizontal: - 6 sectors Vertical: - 3x 2 sectors Combined: - Horizontal & Vertical RF Optimization Reduction of Losses - RRH near antenna - AIR - AAS )1(log~ 2 ISfnC  Shannon: n – Number of Antennas f – Bandwidth S/I – Signal to Interference Ratio
  8. 8. 8 Macro Antennas | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  9. 9. 9 General Building Blocks 698-960 1695-2690 1427-2690 1695-2170 | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  10. 10. 10 More Bands in combination with higher MIMO-Modes Differtent MIMO Antennas | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 2x2 4x4 Massive MIMO MIMO 700 800 900 1500 1800 2100 2400 2600 3500 2x2 X X X X 4x4 X X X X X Ports 700 800 900 1500 1800 2100 2400 2600 3500 16 X X X X X 18 X X X X X X 20 X X X X X X X 24 X X X X X X X X 28 X X X X X X X X X
  11. 11. 11 New Radiator - Technologies | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Radiator Technology: 1. Yagi – Vector – Dipoles: Ultra wideband • 554-960 MHz • 1427-2690 MHz 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 RelativeBandwidth Year Lowband Highband
  12. 12. 12 New Radiator Technology 554-960 MHz | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Patent Pending
  13. 13. 13 Massive MIMO | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  14. 14. 14 Use Cases Massive MIMO StadiumAutomotive Airport / Metro / Mall Makro Times Square | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  15. 15. 15 New Architecture for FDD Massive MIMO | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  16. 16. 16 Typical Architecture for FDD Massive MIMO Antenna Single Band 64 Element XPol Active Antenna System (AAS)  128 Active Antenna Elements (8 columns x 8 rows x 2 polarizations)  128 Rx/Tx Diplexers  128 Calibration Signals  128 Data Streams (CPRI Antenna Carrier AxC) | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Single Band Array of RF-Sub-Systems 8 Columns 8Rows SDR RF Sub-System: Tx & Rx
  17. 17. 17 Typical DB Architecture for FDD Massive MIMO Antenna | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Dual Band 128 Data Streams 8 Columns 8Rows SDR RF Sub-System band 1: Tx & Rx Arrays of RF-Sub-Systems SDR RF Sub-System band 2: Tx & Rx 8Rows total 256 Data Streams 128 Data Streams
  18. 18. 18 New Idea: Inverted Rx/Tx Architecture | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Arrays of RF-Sub-Systems SDR SDR RF Sub-System 1: Tx B3 & Rx B7 RF Sub-System 2: Tx B7 & Rx B3 Pending Patent 8 Columns 3Rows total 96 Data Streams 48 Data Streams 48 Data Streams
  19. 19. 19 Advantages of Inverted Rx/Tx Architecture | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 1710 18801785 1805 2500 2570 26902620 Rx Tx Rx Tx Standard Dualband Array 20 50 Reduced Filter Complexity RF Sub-System 2 RF Sub-System 118801805 2500 2570 1710 1785 26902620 Tx Rx Rx Tx 620 835 All values in MHz Band 3 Band 7
  20. 20. 20 PIM - Advantage of Inverted Rx/Tx Architecture | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Standard Antenna f1 f22f1-f2 -150dBc Rx Tx Effect: Very robust Passive System Intermodulation 30 dB Production Reserve f1 f22f1-f2 -160dBc RF Sub-System 1 RF Sub-System 2 40dB Isolation - 30dB Rx Tx IM3
  21. 21. 21 Smallcell Antennas | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  22. 22. 22 Small Cell Antennas Slimpole / Smartpipe 100 mm Low visible impact Omni, BiSec, TriSec In-ground antenna Omni Kathrein Street Connect Hidden Antenna Street furniture IPR pending | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | IPR pending IPR pending
  23. 23. 23 New Radiator - Technologies | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 1. Slot – Vector Dipoles covering 3400-6000 MHz 2. Dielectric resonator antenna technology with exact frequency matching
  24. 24. 24 New 3.4-6 GHz Radiator Technology | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Patent Pending
  25. 25. 25 KATHREIN Dielectric Resonator AntennaTechnology | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Patent Pending
  26. 26. 26 Demonstrator @ 4 GHz | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Patent Pending
  27. 27. 27 Demonstrator @ 4 GHz Array Setup for Measurements | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Patent Pending
  28. 28. 28 mmWaves | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  29. 29. 29 WRC 2019 Candidates for mmW Bands | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | 27.0-28.4
  30. 30. 30 Antenna Technologies for 28GHz | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Radiators on Printed Boards Waveguide Technology LTCC Technology Patent Pending
  31. 31. 31 Waveguide Horn Antenna with Filter | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Feeding Network Waveguide Radiator Filter Structure
  32. 32. 32 28GHz Multi Layer 8x4 Array | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Co-Pol, 28GHz, P1 Co-Pol, 28GHz, P2 Co-Pol, 28GHz, P3 Co-Pol, 28GHz, P4 Patent Pending
  33. 33. 33 Automotive, Industry 4.0 & Broadcast | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  34. 34. 34 Car Antenna Technologies | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G |
  35. 35. 35 Network of production system | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | MU MU MU RU IQ-Interface to Central unit RU IQ-Interface to Central unit MU Wireless RFID Reader Wireless RFID Reader Wireless RFID Reader Wireless RFID Reader RFID UHF-Tag Industry 4.0 Communication infrastructure
  36. 36. 36 Broadcast Tower-Overlay with eMBMS Point to Multipoint Applications:  News ticker  Radio over IP  Live Video  Sport events  Music events  News Point to Multipoint Communication | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Source: IFN, TU Braunschweig, Germany
  37. 37. 37 | Antenna Evolution: From 4G to 5G | Thank You!

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