World War I


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Origins of WWI

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World War I

  1. 1. WORLD WAR I 1914-1918 “ The Great War to End all Wars”
  2. 3. Causes of World War I <ul><li>Imperialism – competition for overseas empires </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism – build up of a countries’ military </li></ul>
  3. 4. Causes of World War I <ul><li>Nationalism – pride in one’s country </li></ul><ul><li>Secret Alliances among European Nations </li></ul><ul><li>WWI was caused by M.A.N.I.A.C.S. </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Fuse <ul><li>Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand was assassinated by a Bosnian rebel </li></ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary declared war on Bosnia and Serbia </li></ul>
  5. 6. The Fuse <ul><li>Secret Alliances caused all of Europe to get into conflict </li></ul>
  6. 7. Two Sides <ul><li>Central Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Allied Powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Britain (U.K.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Russia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serbia </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. U.S. Returns to Isolationism <ul><li>“ America would not get involved in an European War” – President Woodrow Wilson </li></ul>
  8. 10. U.S. Returns to Isolationism <ul><li>Government did not want to upset immigrants in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. secretly supported and sent weapons to Allied countries </li></ul>
  9. 11. Why did America Join the War? <ul><li>German U-boats (submarines) were sinking US trade ships going to Europe </li></ul>
  10. 12. Why did America Join the War? <ul><li>Zimmerman Note </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US discovered a German plan to attempt to have Mexico declare war on U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>helped generate support for war from American citizens </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Why did America Join the War? <ul><li>U.S. cruise ship , The Lusitania , was sank by German U-boats </li></ul><ul><li>1,260 Americans killed. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Why did America Join the War? <ul><li>March 20, 1917, U.S. declares war on Germany and Central Powers </li></ul>
  13. 17. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction <ul><li>New Weapons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Machine guns, poison gas, airplanes, artillery cannons, flame throwers, tanks </li></ul></ul>
  14. 20. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction <ul><li>British style, straight line fighting was suicide </li></ul>
  15. 21. New Weapons + Old Fighting = Massive Destruction <ul><li>Trench Warfare became the new style of fighting </li></ul>
  16. 22. US Involvement turns the War <ul><li>US added fresh troops and resources to Allies </li></ul><ul><li>Allies started to win when US got involved </li></ul><ul><li>Russia pulls out of war because of unrest in their country </li></ul>
  17. 23. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution <ul><li>Vladimir Lenin overthrew democratic gov’t in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>He set up a fascist form of socialism called Communism </li></ul>
  18. 24. Russian (Bolshevik) Revolution <ul><li>US and Russia became enemies after Communist takeover </li></ul>
  19. 25. Allies Claim Victory <ul><li>Treaty of Versailles officially ended war in 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Europe was in ruins </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure was destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 million dead, 21.5 million wounded </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US only had 250,000 dead and wounded </li></ul></ul>
  20. 26. The Big 4
  21. 28. General Information… <ul><li>Started on July 28, 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Ended on November 11, 1918 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 8,000,000 dead. </li></ul><ul><li>*** Russia the most = 1.7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 22,000,000 wounded….. </li></ul><ul><li>Map of Europe greatly changed . </li></ul>