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United States Enters The War


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United States Enters The War

  1. 1. United States enters the War Objective: Cover the events that cause the U.S. to enter the war and the war’s conclusion.
  2. 2. Entry of U.S. <ul><li>U.S. tried to stay neutral </li></ul><ul><li>The naval war between Britain and Germany is what caused the U.S. to enter the war </li></ul><ul><li>German subs practice unrestricted submarine warfare </li></ul><ul><li>Germany sank any ships heading to Britain including civilian </li></ul>
  3. 3. Entry of U.S. <ul><li>Germans sink British ship Lusitania killing 1,100 civilians including Americans </li></ul><ul><li>America strongly protest and Germany stops for awhile </li></ul><ul><li>Germany did not think U.S. would join the war and begins unrestricted sub warfare again </li></ul>
  4. 4. Entry of U.S. <ul><li>In 1917 British intercept the Zimmerman Note from Germany; passes it to U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Note asks Mexico to go to war against U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. declares war on Germany </li></ul><ul><li>This gives huge boost to Allied morale as well as money and supplies </li></ul>
  5. 5. On the Home Front <ul><li>Total war requires complete mobilization of people and resources </li></ul><ul><li>War had enormous impact on every American’s life. </li></ul><ul><li>Government increased its power </li></ul><ul><li>Drafted millions of men into military </li></ul><ul><li>Started rationing food, fuel, and materials </li></ul>
  6. 6. On the Home Front <ul><li>As casualties mounted public support for the war waned </li></ul><ul><li>Government uses propaganda to keep morale up. </li></ul><ul><li>Restricts voices against the war </li></ul><ul><li>Women start to take over traditional male jobs in the workforce </li></ul>
  7. 7. Last Years of the War <ul><li>Just as the Central Powers were about to win America sends 2 million troops to fight </li></ul><ul><li>They stop the German advance and push them back </li></ul><ul><li>German emperor flees country </li></ul><ul><li>Germany surrenders </li></ul>
  8. 8. Last Years of the War <ul><li>Allied nations meet in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson also calls for the League of Nations to be formed to help prevent future wars </li></ul><ul><li>England and France want to punish Germany </li></ul>
  9. 9. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>The final settlement of WWI </li></ul><ul><li>Germany is guilty of starting the war </li></ul><ul><li>Must pay reparations for all damages </li></ul><ul><li>Germany must reduce military </li></ul><ul><li>Germany must surrender all territory gained during war </li></ul>
  10. 10. Aftermath of WWI <ul><li>Treaty outraged many Germans </li></ul><ul><li>Felt it was too harsh and unfair </li></ul><ul><li>New nations are formed among them are Poland, Yugoslavia, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Britain and France gain Mandates in the Middle East after breaking promise </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire is broken up to form new countries Iraq, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria </li></ul>