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Ramadan Holy Month


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What is ramadan ?

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Ramadan Holy Month

  1. 1. WELCOME!!!
  2. 2. What is Ramadan? <ul><li>Ramadan is the month in which Muslims all around the world fast for 30 days from dawn to dusk. </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting is the fourth pillar of Islamic faith </li></ul><ul><li>The fast is an act of deep personal worship to get closer to Allah (God Almighty). </li></ul><ul><li>It is the month in which the Holy Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad(PBUH). </li></ul>
  3. 3. When does it begin <ul><li>Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar (lunar). </li></ul><ul><li>It begins with the sighting of the new moon. </li></ul><ul><li>This year Ramadan started on 1 st of September. </li></ul><ul><li>Next year, it could be August 20. Similarly, it would take around 36 years to get again on September 1! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Verse from the Holy Qur’an “ O believers! The fast has been prescribed upon you just as it was prescribed for the followers of the Prophets before you, so that you may attain Taqwa (piety)”. (Chapter:2, Verse:183)
  5. 5. Who should fast? <ul><li>Fasting is Mandatory on every adult (puberty) Muslim whether male or female who is mentally and physically fit. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Exemptions <ul><ul><ul><li>Physically or mentally ill person. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traveling person </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women: Pregnant, breastfeeding, menstrual </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What to refrain from <ul><li>Refrain from eating, drinking and sexual activity , from dawn to sunset. </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary that fast should be only for Allah (SWT), i.e. the correct intention, which is called the &quot;Niyyah&quot;. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What to refrain from.. <ul><li>Fasting is not just refraining from food we should also avoid all sinful events: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dishonesty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gossiping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abusing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earning through unlawful means….etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In general one should refrain from all kinds of sins, and protect his eyes, ears, tongue and all other organs from indulging in an unlawful activity. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What Nullifies fast <ul><li>Eating something. </li></ul><ul><li>Drinking something. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual activity </li></ul>
  10. 10. General Recommendations <ul><li>Exchange social visits & intensify humanitarian services. </li></ul><ul><li>Be extraordinarily cautious in using the senses, the mind and, especially, the tongue ; </li></ul><ul><li>Exert the utmost in patience and humbleness </li></ul><ul><li>Increase study of the Qur’an . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Some terms to know <ul><li>Iftar: means to conclude a fast after sunset by eating or drinking something. It is also a Sunnah [tradition of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH)] to make iftar soon after sunset, and it is Makrooh (disliked) to delay in iftar after sunset without a valid reason. </li></ul><ul><li>No particular meal is prescribed for iftar, but it is Sunnah to break the fast with few dates first then eat any other meal. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Some more terms… <ul><li>Suhoor: Suhoor is the meal one takes early in the morning before sunrise. It can be eaten any time of the night but it is sunnah to do it close to dawn. </li></ul><ul><li>Tarawih: is a special night-time prayer carried out only in Ramadan. It is not must but sunnah. It consists of either 8 or 20 rakats. </li></ul>
  13. 13. LAYLATUL QAD’R <ul><li>Laylatul Qad’r: is the most blessed night of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the night which Allah Almighty chose to reveal the Holy Qur'an. </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Qur'an has mentioned that this night is better than one thousand months </li></ul><ul><li>The Prophet (PBUH) mentioned that, in this night, Allah Almighty directs His special mercy towards the people of the earth, accepts the supplications made by His slaves and forgives a large number of people who repent and pray. </li></ul><ul><li>Laylatul Qad’r falls on one of the last five odd nights of Ramadan i.e. 21st, 23rd 25th, 27th and 29th </li></ul>
  14. 14. Spiritual benefits of Ramadan <ul><li>The Prophet (PBUH) said that fasting is a shield against the Fire: &quot;Fasting is a shield with which a servant protects himself from the Fire.&quot; [Ahmad, Saheeh] </li></ul><ul><li>Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: “ Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and with the hope of reward , all his previous sins will be forgiven . ” </li></ul><ul><li>Laylatul Qad’r, the night of power, is in Ramadan. This night alone is worth the deeds of one thousand nights. </li></ul><ul><li>Also by reading the Quran and abstaining from all sinful acts we get closer to Allah. </li></ul>
  15. 15. “ All the deeds of man are for himself, except for fasting, which is for Me and I shall reward it MYSELF”. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) said, that Allah said: The Reward of Fasting
  16. 16. Potential Health benefits of Ramadan <ul><ul><li>lowering of blood sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lowering of cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lowering of the systolic blood pressure. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing obesity and essential hypertension. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Social benefits of Ramadan. <ul><li>Ramadan is a time when families meet and eat together during Iftar. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Social benefits of Ramadan… <ul><li>Muslims are encouraged: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For charitable contributions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To reach out to the poor and help them with food for iftar. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If a Muslim gives iftar to a fasting Muslim, he gets equal reward of the person’s fasting in addition to his own reward. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Ramadan @ Acadia <ul><li>We hold weekly Iftar gathering at Fountain Learning Commons </li></ul><ul><li>Meal Hall arranges for a take away breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>Tarawih at Wong International Center. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally Ramadan doesn’t interrupt the every day activities of Muslim students. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Eid Festival at the end of Ramadan <ul><li>Eid is the celebration held after Ramadan </li></ul><ul><li>It starts with Congregational prayer in the morning </li></ul><ul><li>Eid is a happy occasion where people feast, visit each other and exchange gifts </li></ul>
  21. 21. THANKS!! QUESTIONS???