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Rules of Fasting

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Rules of fasting in islamic religion

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Rules of Fasting

  1. 1. O you who believe, Sawm is prescribed for you…..so that you may be pious [2:183] Subhe Sadiq Maghrib Time Starts from: Ends at: Fasting is Wajib for every Muslim for the whole month of Ramadhan SAWM
  2. 2. SAWM <ul><li>THE IMPORTANCE OF THE MONTH OF RAMADHAN </li></ul><ul><li>The month of Ramadhan is the holiest month in the Islamic Calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>The complete Holy Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (S) during this Holy month. </li></ul><ul><li>Allah forgives us if we ask for forgiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>In this month is the night of Qadr, which is better than a 1000 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Duas are easily accepted. </li></ul>
  3. 3. SAWM REASONS FOR FASTING Realisation of how poor people or the unfortunate suffer Brings about Unity amongst us It strengthens our will power against Haraam things IT IS WAJIB THE HOLY PROPHET (S) HAS ADVISED THAT WE SHOULD EAT ENOUGH TO KILL THE HUNGER & NOT MORE
  4. 4. SAWM MOONSIGHTING – HOW TO PROVE THE 1 ST OF THE MONTH <ul><li>Sighted by a person </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfaction by one from someone who has seen the moon </li></ul><ul><li>Similar details of sighting of moon by 2 Adil persons </li></ul><ul><li>If 30 days pass from the 1 st of the moon of Shaaban/Ramadhan </li></ul><ul><li>If the moon is seen before noon, that day will be treated as the 1 st day of the month A halo (crown of light) around moon goes to show that the new moon appeared the previous night. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SAWM Haraam Fasts Eid-ul-Fitr Eid-ul-Hajj A fast kept despite illness. Wajib Fasts Fast during the month of Ramadhan. Qadha fast for the month of Ramadhan. Fast becoming wajib on account of Kaffara. When a father dies, it is wajib on the eldest son to fast his Qadha fasts. Fast broken or left out intentionally. Makruh Fast 10th of Muharram (Ashura Day)
  6. 6. SAWM 27th Rajab IT IS SUNNAT TO FAST EVERYDAY, HOWEVER CERTAIN DAYS ARE STRONGLY RECOMMENDED. ALL or as many days of Rajab and Shaban 13th, 14th and 15th of every Lunar month Day of Nawroz (21st March) 4 th - 9 th Shawwal 25th & 29th Zilqad First and last Thursday of every month 1st Wednesday after the 10th of every month 1st day - 9th Zilhajj 18th of Zilhajj Eid-e-Ghadeer 24th of Zilhajj Eid-e-Mubahela 1st, 3rd and 7th day of Muharram 17th Rabiul Awwal 15th Jamadiul Awwal
  7. 7. SAWM SUNNAT FAST Muharram M T W T F S S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29             Safar M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30         Rabiul Awwal M T W T F S S       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29       Rabiul Akher M T W T F S S         1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30   Jamadil Awwal M T W T F S S             1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Jamadil Akher M T W T F S S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29            
  8. 8. SAWM SUNNAT FAST Wajib Fasts 27 Wajib Fasts 27 Wajib Fasts 27 Wajib Fasts 27 Wajib Fasts 27 Wajib Fasts 27 WAJIB Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Sha’baan M T W T F S S       1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29       Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Ramadhan M T W T F S S         1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30   Shawwaal M T W T F S S             1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Zilqad M T W T F S S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29             Zilhajj M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30         Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30         Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30        
  9. 9. SAWM Wajib Fasts 27 Sanity Should be a Muslim and follow Islamic laws Not in danger of illness by fasting. Not a traveller. Niyyat – MOST IMPORTANT CONDITIONS OF FASTING There is no need to utter it &quot;Qurbatan ilallah“ for the pleasure of Allah must be in mind Niyyat made for the whole month together on the eve of the 1 st of Ramadhan OR Individually on the eve of each day. If you choose to do Niyyat for the whole month together, then if you miss a fast for any reason in between, you will be required to do Niyyat again. SAUM IS AN ACT OF WORSHIP. ITS MAIN AIM IS TO STAY AWAY FROM FORBIDDEN THINGS SO AS TO EARN &quot;THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH BY OBEYING HIM.&quot; Rajab M T W T F S S   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 28 29 30        
  10. 10. SAWM Eating and drinking Saying false things about Allah, Prophet (S) or the successors of the Holy Prophet (S) Making dust reach one's throat Vomiting intentionally THINGS THAT INVALIDATE A FAST IF DONE ON PURPOSE
  11. 11. SAWM THINGS THAT ARE MAKRUH WHEN FASTING Putting water or using any kind of mouthwash unnecessarily Using eye drops or Surma, etc if its taste or smell can be felt in the throat Actions which would make you physically weak e.g. donating blood Inhaling snuff and smelling fragrance from herbs and flowers Tooth extraction or any other action which will cause you to bleed A wet tooth brush for brushing THE ABOVE 6 THINGS DO NOT BREAK YOUR FAST IF YOU DO THEM BUT IT IS BETTER IF YOU DO NOT DO THEM.
  12. 12. SAWM PEOPLE EXEMPTED FROM FASTING NO QADHA TO GIVE HAVE TO GIVE QADHA AFTER THE CONDITON HAS PASSED ELDERLY ILL PERSON NURSING MOTHER PREGNANT WOMAN PAY FIDYA AS WELL PAY FIDYA ONLY FIDYAH IS ONE *MUDD I.E. 3/4 KG OF FOOD PREFERENCE GIVEN TO WHEAT OR BARLEY
  13. 13. SAWM KAFFARA The Kaffara for each fast is:   To free a slave; OR To fast for 60 days; OR To feed 60 poor to their fill or give 1 mudd* to each poor person IT IS A GREAT SIN TO EAT OR DRINK DURING THE DAYS OF HOLY RAMADHAN, OR DELIBERATELY COMMIT ACTS WHICH BREAK THE FAST WITHOUT A JUSTIFIABLE REASON. ANYONE WHO LEAVES OUT A FAST PURPOSELY HAS TO GIVE QADHA AS WELL AS KAFFARA IF A PERSON BREAKS HIS FAST BY A HARAAM ACTS S/HE WILL HAVE TO GIVE ALL 3 KAFFARA TOGETHER
  14. 14.         SAWM QADHA FASTS – WHEN TO KEEP? ONE MUST KEEP A QADHA FAST WHEN ONE BREAKS A FAST BEFORE / AFTER FAST TIMING QADHA FAST HAS TO BE KEPT IF ONE SWALLOWS WATER PUT IN MOUTH TO FEEL COOL MUSLIM WILL KEEP QADHA FASTS MISSED WHEN ONE WAS UNBELIEVER ELDEST SON WILL KEEP QADHA FASTS OF HIS FATHER WHEN THE FATHER PASSES AWAY SANE PERSON WILL NOT KEEP FASTS THAT WERE MISSED WHEN INSANE UNBELIEVER WILL NOT KEEP FASTS THAT WERE MISSED WHEN ONE WAS AN UNBELIEVER QADHA FAST HAS TO BE KEPT IF ONE BREAKS FAST DUE TO DANGER TO ONE’S LIFE QADHA FAST NOT NECESSARY FOR AN ILL PERSON WHO DIES BEFORE THE END OF THE HOLY MONTH
  15. 15. SAWM FASTING WHEN TRAVELLING FAST WILL BE BROKEN WHEN ONE CROSSES HOME BOUNDARY YOU WILL NOT FAST AT A PLACE WHERE YOU RECITE QASR SALAAH A PERSON WHOSE JOB IS TO TRAVEL WILL FAST E.G. PILOT YOU WILL FAST ON THE DAY YOU REACH HOME BEFORE DHOHR TIME BUT YOU WILL NOT FAST ON THE DAY YOU REACH HOME AFTER DHOHR TIME YOU WILL NOT FAST IF YOU TRAVEL BEFORE DHOHR TIME BUT YOU WILL FAST IF YOU TRAVEL AFTER DHOHR TIME YOU MUST NOT FAST ON THE DAY OF TRAVEL

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