Month of Quran
Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the
Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for
guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So
everyone of you who is present (at his home) during
that month should spend it in fasting… Baqarah,2:185
We have indeed revealed this Message (Quran)
in the Night of Power: And what will explain to
you what the Night of Power is? The Night of
Power is better than a thousand months. 97:1-3
Quran revealed in Blessed night
Ha Mim. By the Book that makes things clear. -We sent
it down during a blessed night. . For We wish to warn
against the Evil. Dukhan: 44:1-3
Glorifying Allah and Expressing
if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period
(should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every
facility for you He does not want to put you to
difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed
period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you;
and perchance ye shall be grateful. 2:185
Salman Al Farsl(R) reported
Prophet(SAW) said In a sermon in the
last of Shaban::«A great month, a
blessed month, a month containing, a
night which Is better than a thousand
months, 'has approached you God has
ordained the fasting during it as an
obligation, and passing of Its nights In
prayer as a voluntary practice. If
someone draws near to God during
Ramadan with some good deed he will
be like one who fulfills an obligatory
duty in another month. It is the month
of endurance and the reward of
endurance Is paradise. This is the
month of sharing with others, and a
month In which the believer's
provision (RIzk) is increased. If
someone gives one, who has been
fasting, something to break the fast, It
will provide forgiveness of his sins and
save him from hell, and he will have
reward equal to his without his reward
being diminished in any respect.
We asked, O’ Prophet of Allah we
did not have the means to give
to the fasting person.
Prophet(SAW) said, "God gives
reward to the one who gives
fasting person some milk, or a
date, or a drink of water with
which to break the fast. One who
gives a full meal to the fasting
person, will be given a drink
from my reservoir by God and he
will not be thirsty till he enters
It Is a month whose beginning Is
Mercy, whose middle Is
forgiveness, and whose end is
freedom from Hellfire. If one
makes things easy for his
servant during Ramadan, God
will forgive him and free him
from Hellfire.Baihaqi, Mlshkat
Doors of Jannah opened
and doors of Hell closed
Abu Huralrah(R)reported that Prophet (SAW) said: “When Ramadan
begins the gates of paradise are opened, the gates of Hell are
locked, and the devils are chained. "Another narration has"The
gates of Mercy are opened. "
Bukhari &Muslim,Mishkat No: 1956
Prophet (SAW) said,” This is the month, first (1/3rd) of
which is MERCY, middle of it (1/3rd) is FORGIVENESS
and last (1/3rd) of it is FREEDOM FROM FIRE.”
Prophet (SAW) said, “ Whoever fasts
with IMAN and SINCERITY, all his/her
previous sins are forgiven. (BUKHARI)
Mankind's Purpose on Earth
I have only created Jinns and men, that they
may serve Me. No sustenance do I require of
them, nor do I require that they should feed
me. For Allah [God] is He Who gives (all)
Sustenance (forever) Zariyaat),51: 56-58
• Ramadan is a time for Muslims to refocus
• Remember their mission
• Be grateful to the One, without which,
mankind could not be sustained
2-Feel That Hunger!
• The hunger and thirst is supposed to be felt.
• There is to be a realization that without the bounties of
Allah, mankind is helpless
• Giving empathy for those that spend their life in that state
– starvation and deprivation.
• Perhaps, it will lead us to sponsor a starving family
somewhere in the world.
3-It's All about the
• Essence of Ramadan and fasting is in its
sacrifice for the sake of Allah (God) alone.
• Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said, “Whoever does not give
up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of
his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his
fasting.)” (Hadith 127, Sahih Al-Bukari)
• On the contrary, he describes a gate to Paradise called Al-
Rayan, that no one will be able to pass through on the
Day of Judgment except the one who successfully fasts
Ramadan (spiritually, mentally and physically
4-Fasting is protection
• It is a shield against the fire of Hell.
• Narrated Abu Saeed ® that the Prophet (SAW) said,
” Anyone who fasts for one day for Allah’s
pleasure, Allah shall keep his face away from hellfire for ( a
distance covered in) seventy years.” (Bukhari)
• It is protection against Allah’s anger.
• It is protection against your own desires
• It is protection against Shaytan.
• It is fortress which protects you against all evils.
5-Fasting as a
• This spiritual fasting is not just
abstention from food.
• It is a time for increased time in prayer
• Increased good deeds, such as charity
• A time of abstaining from anger and pettiness,
haughtiness and attachment to worldly objects,
impatience and frivolity.
• For some this might include staying off the
Internet, putting away the Xbox, staying out of
the malls, turning off the soap operas,
• Being honest in their business dealings by not
jacking up prices unfairly and
• Staying away from people and situations that they
know will rile them up
6-Love of Allah
and the mankind
Fasting leads to
Preparation for Ramadan
• Ayesha (RA) said: "I have never seen Prophet (SAW) fast
more in any other month of the year than he did in
Shaban. He used to fast all of Shaban." and in another
narration. "He used to fast almost all of it, except a
little." [Saheeh Muslim]
• The scholars' advise us to fast a lot in Shaban, and
• Increase acts of worship by getting up at night for
• Recite more Qur’an
• Do more Dhikr
• Make Shaban a month of Ibadah, to prepare ourselves for
1-We have to renew our Taubah
• We have to make Taubah from:
• 1. Sins of the tongue (backbiting, lies, slander, speaking to people in
an insulting way, making fun of others).
• 2. Sins of the heart (show-off, self-admiration, arrogance, envy,
• 3. Lack of modesty (in dressing, mannerism, way of speaking with the
• 4. Taubah from pleasing others while its displeasing to Allah
• 5. Taubah from all the time wasted (in shopping, telephone, long chat,
• Clean up your heart, forgive others and forget, hoping for Allah’s
2-Increase your motivation by
increasing Ibadah in Shaban
• 1. Pray/increase the nawafil (supererogatory) prayers.
• 2. Tahajjud (night prayer)
• 3. Fast (Monday & Thursday / make up your missed fast)
• 4. Morning and Evening Adhkaar (these are protection/shield
• & Shayateen. Do not leave them ever)
• 5- Make a lot of Dua' (at last 3rd part of night, accepted times,
last hour of Friday)
• 7. Read Qur'an after Fajr.
3-We need to train our senses
• Tongue/ears/eyesight are the ways to the heart. We have
to train them to get them used to the act of worship and to
refrain from sins.
• We have to train ourselves/our nafs to hate the sins.
• Naturally our fitrah (inborn natural state) hates sins, but
we have become so accustomed to sins that we have
become numb to them
• . Prophet (SAW):" Whoever among you sees an evil action,
let him change it with his hand (by taking action); if he
cannot, then with his tongue (by speaking out); and if he
cannot, then with his heart (by hating it and feeling that it
is wrong)." (Narrated by Muslim, 49
4-Train yourself to be humble
• Human beings transgress when they feel self-sufficient.
• Ask Allah to keep us steadfast upon His Path,
• We are in desperate need of Allah to survive in our Dunya
• If Allah doesn't keep us steadfast on his way, we can never
• We are in need of Allah to fulfill any act of worship.
• We have to realize ourselves how badly we are in need of
Allah for everything.
5-Magnify the symbols (Sha’aer)
• Salah (prayer), Hajj, Fasting, Masajid, these are all the
symbols of Allah
• We have to give them their right & take them serious
• Having Ghaflah (heedlessness) is very dangerous to us.
• One way to help to magnify the symbols is to get ourselves
used to reflecting on acts of worship before we do them
• When you are starting the Salah, reflect and think: "I am
about to pray, I am going to meet Allah, put Jannah
(Paradise) to your right and the (Hellfire) to your left, think
what if I am on the Siraat (Path over Hellfire on day of
• Keep struggling and fighting to have Khushoo (humility
and attentiveness) in Salah and Allah will grant it.
Things to do in Ramadan
• 1. Intention (Niyyah) and Resolve (Iradah)
• •There has to be right and sincere intention aimed at
achieving Allah’s pleasure and His bounty and reward.
• Make ‘intention’ and ‘resolve’ that you would try to
inculcate in yourself that high quality of piety or Taqwah
that is the objective of fasting
• •Make a firm decision that devotion and regularity would
be the hallmark of all your acts
• •Take out time in solitude, during its very first night.
Consider yourself present in the court of Allah, glorify Him
and invoke His blessings on the Prophet (pbuh), and
repent on your sins and follies
2-Your relation with the Quran
• Fasting and prayers at night, are based and connected
with Qur’an in one form or another
• •The least that we get from Tarawih is that we go through
the entire Qur’an in one month’s time
• •Due to lack of understanding in Arabic language, many
people do not getg the joy and blessings of knowing, and
revising, the message and themes of Qur’an.
• Devote extra time in addition to Tarawih, for reading a few
passages of Qur’an with the meaning in your own
Study of Quran
• Angel Gabriel used to come to the Prophet Muhammad
(SAW) to repeat the entire Qur’an from its beginning to the
end during the course of the month.( Bukhari and
• •Best plan is to study as much of Qur’an with its meaning
in the day time as is going to be read out in prayers
during the night
• You may start studying Qur’an with translation with
commitment to continue and finish by the advent of next
• •If you find even this much difficult for you, then at least
go through just three verses daily.
• Absorb the Quran in your heart and mind and strengthen
the bond of your heart and soul with it
3- Avoiding disobedience to Allah
• •Fasting aims at inculcating the quality of piety or
Taqwah. It is imperative to make special effort in this
month to avoid disobedience of Allah.
• •Ramadan creates this special environment through
stopping us from eating throughout the day, keeping us in
prayers through most of the night, and making us listen
to the Qur’an
• •Virtue and piety do not lie in observance of some rituals,
the real piety consists of strong belief, love and
commitment, patience and fortitude, and giving
generously in the way of Allah
Avoid disobedience to Allah
• •While we should be conscious and considerate in every
sphere of life, relations with other people and social
contacts merit special attention.
• •The Prophet (pbuh) has summed this up: fasting provides
a shield, so do make it a shield. A fasting person should
neither use abusive language, nor quarrel; if someone
enters into altercation, he should answer it by saying that
he is fasting and it is not proper for him to get involved in
wrong and indecent acts. (Narrated by Abu Huraira
,Bukhari and Muslim)
• •In another Hadith, the Prophet (pbuh) said that fasting is
not about hunger and thirst, rather it requires giving up
falsehood and acting upon it. (Narrated by Abu Huraira in
Bukhari and Muslim)
4-Quest for Goodness
• •In the month of Ramadan a small virtue brings the
reward of obligatory acts and obligatory acts’ reward
increase 70 times, or even more. This is, indeed, a great
incentive to do more virtuous deeds.
• •This quest should continue regarding the acts of worship
– such as trying to join in congregational prayers with the
first call (takbir Tahrima) and regularity in supplementary
Quest for Goodness
• • But this quest should also be in the field of human
relations – it is virtue to meet a Muslim brother smilingly,
it is virtue to remove what may cause pain to him, it is
virtue to fill his water-pot with water.
• • When a person uses every single and minor
opportunity to please his Lord, then, as a Hadith-Qudsi
tells, Allah says that He starts loving that person. &
becomes his ears with which he hears, becomes his eyes
with which he sees, becomes his feet on which he stands
and walks.(Abu Huraira in Bukhari)
5. Night Prayers
• •“They sleep but little by night, and would ask for
forgiveness at dawn.” 51:17-18
• •Tarawih prayers during Ramadan are meant for standing
awake at night. Usually people hear Qur’an in Tarawih at
the beginning of night
• •You should establish Tahajjad specially in Ramadan. You
already wake up for suhoor (meals before starting the fast
early in the morning). Wake up 20 minutes or half an hour
earlier, make ablution, and offer two rakah prayers.
• •It is this part of the night about which the Holy Prophet
(pbuh) has told us that Allah Almighty comes closest to
the world and declares, ‘Is there anyone who asks Me to
fulfill his need, and I will give to him whatever he asks for?
Is there anyone who asks for My forgiveness, and I will
• •Still, if it is difficult to pray two rakah, then you can at
least place your forehead on the ground before your Lord
and plead with Him, weep and wail, seek forgiveness for
your sins, request for all that is good along with
perseverance in the path of truth.
6. ‘Zikr’ (Remembering Allah)
• •What is Zikr? Fulfilling anything that Allah likes –
whether it is done through heart or tongue or limbs
• •In Ramadan, mere verbal Zikr, i.e. just repeating some
specific words and supplications, is also quite beneficial.
• •Glorify Allah in words like
• •In Ramadan, there are special moments for
acceptance of our supplications. Iftar (meals to break the
fast in the evening) time is one such moment – in which
Allah’s mercy is ready to envelop us.
• •Try to seek Allah’s mercy more frequently in the first ten
days of Ramadan, His forgiveness in the second ten
days, and deliverance from hellfire in the third nine or
ten days. This is how Allah’s Prophet (pbuh) has described
the special attributes of the 3 parts of the month of
• •The Prophet (SAW) has specified certain supplications
for different times and circumstances, for the day and the
night, along with the universally-relevant ones. Make it a
feature of your learning program that you would memorize
some from each category every Ramadan
8-The Blessed Night
• •It is this night that Qur’an was revealed.
• •This night is better than thousands of months – with
regard to its value and greatness, with regard to the
bounties and rewards that are distributed, and could be
won, in it
• •A person who stays awake during this night for prayers
and supplication has been given the glad tidings of
forgiveness from all his sins.
• •Hadith informs us that it is any of the odd-numbered
nights of the last part of Ramadhan – any of the 21st,
23rd, 25th, 27th, and 29th.
The Blessed Night
• •What is most pleasing to Allah is that His servant (Abd)
should engage himself in untiring effort to please his
Lord, to seek His mercy and bounties.
• •The time of acceptance of supplications comes during
every night, but its occurrence during the Blessed Night
adds to beauty and power
• •Holy Prophet (SAW) taught a very comprehensive Dua
to his wife A’isha (may Allah be please with her) for this
purpose, and we too should verbalize it through the night:
• •If you have the strength and resolve, then do observe
Etikaf (spending the last 9-10 days of Ramadan in a
• •If it is not possible to do it for 10 days, Etikaf for a
shorter period is also alright.
• •Etikaf serves for heart and soul, manner and behavior,
thought and action as an elixir to shape and mold them
according to Allah’s Will.
• •The Holy Prophet (pbuh) always observed Etikaf and
strongly recommended it.
• •The essence of Etikaf is that one should devote himself to
Allah by cutting himself away from all the worldly
engagements, occupations and interests – leaving home
and hearth behind to settle in His house and spend all the
time in His remembrance.
10-Spending in Allah’s Way
• •It consists of spending everything bestowed by Allah,
including time and energies of body and soul, but most of
all, spending wealth.
• •The Holy Prophet (pbuh) was the most generous and
benevolent of all people. Yet with the advent of Ramadan
and after his meeting with angel Gabriel his generosity
and giving nature would know no bounds.
• •Promising 700 times more reward for every grain and
coin spend in His way, Allah has said that He could grant
even more if He so wills.
• •Open up your fist for the establishment and spreading of
• • Give out in Allah’s way as much of your wealth as
possible for orphans and the destitute
• • Give it solely for the sake of Allah without
entertaining any hopes of gratefulness or return from
anyone: “We feed you only for Allah’s sake; we do not seek
of you any recompense or thanks”
• • After proper accounting, take out Zakat, too, in this
month. This will bring regularity in addition to the 70
times more reward.
11-Service of Humanity
• •The Holy Prophet (pbuh) has described the month of
Ramadhan as the month of brotherhood and fellow-feeling
• •This month is about sharing the sense of deprivation,
worries and problems of others and to help them out
• •Fast can give you a taste of what is felt by others during
hunger, thirst, grief and pain. Personal experience can
generate a strong and sustainable urge for sympathy and
help for others
Service of Humanity
• •Feeding the hungry, treatment and visitation of the sick,
guarding orphans and widows, meeting the demands of
the destitute and oppressed, keeping good relations with
relatives – all fall in this vast category.
• •The Prophet (pbuh) said: A person who provides iftar to
his fasting brother, he will be forgiven from his sins and
saved from hellfire. He will get as much reward as of his
fasting brother, without any decrease in the reward of the
• •Do not consider anything inferior, however small it may
be. One time meal, just one glass of water, or just one
dollar, some nice talk, some recommendation, giving water
to a thirsty dog, all can lead you to Paradise.
12-Call or Dawah to the Qur’an
• • There can be no better service or sympathy to a
person than to save him from Allah’s wrath and Fire and
bring him to Allah’s pleasure and His Paradise.
• • You will be rewarded with the good deeds of those
you call to the path of virtue and goodness. If you could
realize, this sets the chain of never ending reward.
• • Convey the message of Qur’an to all people, create
awareness in them about the teachings of Qur’an, invite
them to the Quranic mission, and enable them to rise up
to the task of upholding the trust of Qur’an.
Call or Dawah to Quran
• •Call to Allah and to Qur’an provide the most effective
means of your own purification and training
• •In the month of Ramadan, hearts are generally inclined
to doing good. This is why it is more probable that people
would listen to you, that their hearts may receive your
• •Invite people to Iftar, and take out some time to talk with
Dawah to Quran
• In your interaction with colleagues, keep this duty in
mind. Start your talk with reference to Ramadan and take
it to the need of fulfilling the mission of Qur’an
• • Note down a few names from among the list of your
relatives and visitors. Take it upon yourself that with
continuous and warm contact with them during the
month of Ramadan, you would prepare them to work for
the objective of Qur’an.
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