TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA
PROVIDING CLEAN DRINKING WATER
AND PROPER SANITATION FACILITY
FARHAN HAIDER ZAIDI
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM
• 36% of world’s population lacked improved sanitation
• 768 million people still use unsafe drinking water sources.
• More than 3.4 million people die each year from water,
sanitation, and hygiene-related causes.sanitation, and hygiene-related causes.
• Of the 60 million people added to the world's towns and
cities every year, most move to informal settlements (i.e.
slums) with no sanitation facilities.
• Every year, 1.5 million children die due to diarrhea caused
by the combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe
water supply, and poor personal hygiene.
Clean drinking water-
• Salivation of drinking water.
• Increased consumption of water.
• Global warming and decreased rainfall.
• Water pollution by industrial and domestic wastes.• Water pollution by industrial and domestic wastes.
• Unawareness, misconceptions.
• Poverty, personal habits and lack of facilities.
• A protected hole is drilled 100m down into the earth to
reach a water source.
• An electric motor charged by the solar panels, in turn,
powers an underground water pump.
• This pump can draw up to 30,000 litres of clean, fresh
water, every single day.
• All of this fresh water is stored in a water tank.• All of this fresh water is stored in a water tank.
• The tank is then connected to water pumps and taps
around the village by a system of pipes.
• Every house has a pipeline attached to its terrace as well
so as to harvest the rain water during the rainy seasons
when the solar panels do not work.
• This technique can be easily adopted in rural as well as
• Awareness and participation
• Installation of solar water pumps in drought affected areas as
well as areas having scarcity of water.
• clean water supply
• livestock watering
• irrigation• irrigation
• unattended operation, no fuel cost, low maintenance, easy
installation, long life(20 years)
• easy access to fresh and clean water
• life, free from water-borne diseases
• clean water will also be useful in sanitation
• funding for solar water pumps by the govt. to be set up
which even comprises of rainwater harvesting techniques.
• An integrated approach of the govt. to create a demand for
sanitation and hygiene promotion, groundwater
conservation and rainwater harvesting .e.g., five year
• effective decentralization for empowering local
communities, NGOs, panchayati raj ,gram panchayats,
municipal corporations, etc.
• special provisions for collection,transport and disposal of
waste-a cleaner India.
• high capital cost
• Repair require skilled technicians
• Continuously changing govt. policies
• Unavailability of technologies and its know how• Unavailability of technologies and its know how
• Proper maintenance
• unaccepting attitude of public
• Private sector firms must take initiative by investing
in this project.
• Proper training and knowledge must be imparted.
• Creative and innovative campaign.
• Stringent laws must be passed to avoid hindrance
• Continuation of project despite the political parties.
• Nirmal shahar puraskar is awarded for recognizing
sanitation initiative of cities by GOI.