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  1. 1. CLEANER INDIA: Providing clean drinking water and proper sanitation facility to all WATER AND SANITATION GOOD FOR PEOPLE AND GOOD FOR ECONOMY QUALITY 5 SAVIOURS
  2. 2. PROBLEM STATEMENT  Inadequate sanitation ◦About 70% population lack basic sanitation. ◦Only 28,000 grama panchayats out of 2.5 lakh in India have achieved open defecation free village. ◦Although access to increased sanitation is steadily increasing in India since 2000, the pace of change is too slow. ◦Inadequate sanitation costs India 2.4 trillion which is about 6.4% of India’s GDP in 2006. Unavailability of portable water ◦About 226 million people lack access to safe water. ◦Access to water is not a matter of choice but it is everyone’s need. ◦one in six people still lack reliable access to portable water in developing world. ◦Women spends 200 million hours a day collecting water. There are totally 37 disease causing death in the world out of which 21 diseases are related to water and sanitation
  3. 3.  India has the second highest rainfall in the world, averaging about 1,150 mm, and ranks among the top ten water rich countries.  Owing to topographic constraints, adverse patterns of distribution, technical limitations, increasing pollution and poor management, India is unable to realize the full potential of its water resources.  According to national water security index, we are in hazardous water security stage based on the following key dimension. ◦ Key Dimension 1: Household Water Security ◦ Key Dimension 2: Economic Water Security ◦ Key Dimension 3: Urban Water Security ◦ Key Dimension 4: Environmental Water Security ◦ Key Dimension 5: Resilience to Water-Related Disasters Lack of community involvement causes 50% of other project to fail
  4. 4. Description of National Water Security Stages and National Water Security Index More than 3.4 million people die each year from water sanitation and hygiene related causes.90% are in developing region An American taking a five-minute shower uses more water than the average person in a developing country slum uses for an entire day
  5. 5. SOLUTIONS FOR CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND INADEQUATE SANITATION • SEEK NEW SOURCE:Avoid over exploitation of Surface and Groundwater. • REDISTRIBUTE: Plugging Leaks from Tanks,Pipeline,Taps can save large quantity of water • REDUCE DEMAND: Reducing demand of water from Agricultural and Industrial Sectors • RECYCLE:` grey’ water can be used to recharge groundwater • INVESTMENT IN RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT:to avoid pollution in origin • EFFICIENT COLLECTION OF WATER TAX: Self help groups DRINKING WATER • Implementation of low-cost sanitation system with lower subsidies • Greater household involvement • Range of technology choices • Options for sanitary complexes for women • Involvement of NGOs and local groups • Emphasis on school sanitation • Appropriate forms of private participation and public private partnerships • Emphasis on sustainability with political commitment are prerequisites to bring the change SANITATION
  6. 6. MERITS OF SOLUTIONS • DESALINATION PLANTS: Can be used in coast line of 7516 km satisfy the demand by 15%. Cost of Rs.50 perKilolitre • less than 1 % of the world’s drinking water comes from the sea, with advances in reverse osmosis, the percentage is likely to grow. • water lost from Mexico City’s leaky supply system, which serves 17 million people, would be enough to meet the needs of 3 million people • Amount of water consumption is decreased by SRI method • Recharge ground water • 24×7 water supply:Saving people time,water and energy cost • Use Solar Energy for Dual pump scheme • Prioritise the allocation of funds for water and Sanitation DRINKING WATER • Community Led Total Sanitation • Reducing Open Disposal of Human Feaces • Focussed to use of Feaces on Agriculture • Models such as Dry toilet,Eco san etc., • Dry toilet may cause rs.6500 for installation(25 person) SANITATION 377 million people affected by water illness
  7. 7. Impacts of the solution and it’s mitigation ◦ The main impact of using desalination technique is the reject wastewater generated. The reject wastewater from desalination technology reaches the TDS of around 70,000 ppm. Disposing such a reject wastewater is going to be a greater problem. ◦ Detecting leaks in the water distribution system is going to be a difficult task, because in India we still use sound and visual detection methods to identify leaks. ◦ In order to reduce water demands it is necessary to the change existing traditional practices, that will require social acceptance, which is very difficult to attain. ◦ Recycle and reuse of wastewater and grey water without proper treatment will cause severe health and ecological damage. India loses 22.5 million DALYS (Disability Adjusted Life Years) every year to water deficit and inadequate sanitation
  8. 8. MITIGATION FACTORS ◦ Brine solution with TDS>35,000 ppm is disposed into deep saline aquifers are surface waters with higher salt content. It can also be dispersed by diluting with treated effluent and by spraying on golf courses or other open spaces. ◦ Sensor based detection techniques is the best proposed option for the replacement of existing detection methods. ◦ Making them aware of success stories through highly respected people of their own society. ◦ In order to avoid the damages caused by the usage of untreated wastewater, proper treatment techniques must be followed in accordance with the standards. 780 million people lack access to an improved water source approximately 1 in 9 people Privacy Safety Comfort cleanliness respect PEOPLE EXPECTA TION IN TOILET
  9. 9. Implementation of the solution •Government should earmark upto 30% for tackling water Quality Problem. •Informative Education and Communication(IEC) is disseminated by High Priority and Institutional Mechanism •Online Monitoring(GIS) •Integrated Water Resource Management Drinking water Raising Awareness advocacy Social and behaviour change •Maintaining toilet plays a vital role •All Gram panchayat officers and NGO works towards clean •Enable participatory planning •Mobile Campaign Sanitation Invest 1dollar on water and sanitation gives 5 dollars return
  10. 10. Action plan for implementation infrastructure • Increase water and sanitation coverage • Build new Drinking Water Systems (DWS). • Rehabilitate deteriorated DWS Administration, Operation and Maintenance (AOM) • Organize water boards. • Conduct training programs for water boards in AOM. • Perform follow-up on water boards Health and hygiene education • Reduce the prevalence of ADD in under-5-year-olds. • Give health-and-hygiene education to families so that • They will adopt healthy behavior patterns. Strengthening of municipal and community management • Promote community planning and participation. • Execute water and sanitation projects. • Implement organization to ensure the sustainability of the water and sanitation services.
  11. 11. CHALLENGES  Open defecation is a socially accepted traditional behavior  Lack of awareness in using a toilet, safe disposal of feces & hygiene health  A significant gap exists between knowledge and practice  Access to toilet does not mean it is used or maintained  It is considered totally acceptable for some people in society not to have a toilet  Building and owning a toilet is not perceived as aspirational. For Water  In Uttarpradesh and Bihar only 5% are convinced to proper drinking water  Govt annually investing RS.6700 crore anually  Making Service Providers  Treatment of water from contaminated sources with cost-effective, Appropriate techniques.  Inter Agency Coordination  Installing Water Meters,Leak detection Equipment amd Monitoring In drinking water, 66% BOD 44% coliforms
  12. 12. APPENDIX  REFERENCE  Asian Water Development Outlook,2013  Millineum development Report 2013  Meeting the MDG Drinking water and Sanitation Target,UNICEF 2012,  Sanitation and Hygiene Advocacy framework and Strategy 2012-2017,unicef 2017  Drinking water in Rural India ,Ministry of Rural Development  UN Water for Life Decade. (2005). United Nations Department of Public Information  United Nations (WHO and UNICEF). (2010). Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water Update 2013