Manthan Topic : Towards Cleaner India
WATER
MAKES
TOMORROW
Presented by
SHAKTI
1
This is Drinking Water…
2
Country Profile: India
Sources: Status of world children report 2011
Area 3.28 Million Sq.Km
Capital New Delhi
Population ...
Political Commitment to Sanitation
“Sanitation is more
important than
independence”
“The day every one of
us gets a toilet...
Term Definitions
• Access to drinking water means that the
source is less than 1 kilometer away from its place
of use and ...
Drinking Water
• Each person needs 20-50 liters of safe freshwater a
day for drinking, cooking and cleaning.
o More than o...
7
Water use
By 2025, 800 million people will
experience absolute water scarcity, and
two-thirds of the world
population coul...
Consequences
• At the start of the 21st century un-clean water is the
world’s second biggest killer of children.
• 1.6 mil...
Importance of Clean Water
• Essential for the prevention of disease, especially in
developing nations
o Reduce the number ...
Students Without Water
• UNICEF estimates over 50% of
world’s schools have no access
to drinking water/sanitation
• Clean ...
Reducing Child Mortality
• 5,000 children die
each day from
water/sanitation
related causes
• Unclean water is the
#1 caus...
Improving Maternal Health
• Carrying water can cause
spinal malformations
that make birth difficult
o Many pregnant women
...
Combating HIV & Other Diseases
• HIV patients are
vulnerable to
opportunistic infection
o Easily transmitted through
uncle...
Global Status
Source: UNICEF/WHO (2012)
• Regional distribution of global population not served
with improved water supply...
Global Coverage
• Most of those using an improved drinking
water source also use improved sanitation
50%
BOTH WATER AND
SA...
Main Cause
There are 3 main cause of unimproved water
sanitation
1.Illliteracy.
2.Poverty.
3.Unsupported behavior.
17
Programmes on Sanitation
• Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) for Rural Sanitation by Department of
Drinking Water & Sanitati...
Achievements in Rural Sanitation
•493 Million additional rural people (68%
of rural population) now have access to
sanitat...
What we want…..
• Provides safe drinking water to people who
really need it
20
Safe
Drinking Water
Program
• Focuses on the development
of children in need, ages 0-13….
• The Children’s Safe
Drinking W...
Better School Sanitation
22
Sustained Efforts in Developing India
• Work with community based groups, schools,
clinics to create habit change.
• Incre...
OUR GOAL
Provide 2.5 million liters of safe drinking water by the end of 2015
How can you help?
• BY Donations
• Collect m...
How You Can Help
• Tell your family & friends about water issues around the
world…
• Conduct a fundraiser to support water...
Implication for the future
• We want a better planning for tomorrow
26
Examples of Key Issues
(Safe Drinking Water)
• Planning at country level to achieve the target
– Ownership and governance ...
Examples of Key Issues
(Sanitation)
Climate,
Culture,
Public
Acceptance
Socio-
economics
Technology
Water
Resources,
Natur...
Integrate Sanitation into Water resources
Management as well as Water Pollution Prevention
Humans
Nature
Sanitation for
Bl...
Good Governance and Broad
Participation
Government
Citizen
Private
Sector
Schools
NGOs
Community
Leaders
Other Stakeholder...
Water Conservation Tips for Indoors
• Let your parents know about
leaks in your house
– Leaks are easily fixable and
save ...
Water Conservation Tips for Outside
• Water your lawn only when
it needs it
• Water your plants earlier in
the day when le...
Water Conservation Tips for School
• Bring or use a reusable water
bottle like a Nalgene instead of
the drinking fountain
...
Measure Problem
• Above problems and solutions are simple and
solvable.
• Here a measure problem is that we provide
soluti...
Together, we can make a difference!
35
Appendix
Reference
1. JMP report 2013.
2. JMP report 2012.
3.Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues
and Approaches ...
37
LET US TOGETHER MAKE
Thank you
Sanitation is more
important than
Independence
Cleanliness is next to
Godliness
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SHAKTI

  1. 1. Manthan Topic : Towards Cleaner India WATER MAKES TOMORROW Presented by SHAKTI 1
  2. 2. This is Drinking Water… 2
  3. 3. Country Profile: India Sources: Status of world children report 2011 Area 3.28 Million Sq.Km Capital New Delhi Population (Census 2011) 1.21 Billion Under 5 mortality rate 2009 66 / 1000 Life Expectancy at birth 2009 64 years Population Below Poverty Line 28.6% Gross National Income (per capita) 2009 (US$) 1170 Adult Literacy rate 74% 3
  4. 4. Political Commitment to Sanitation “Sanitation is more important than independence” “The day every one of us gets a toilet to use, I shall know our country has reached the pinnacle of progress.” “ Good sanitation should be the birthright of all citizens.” 4
  5. 5. Term Definitions • Access to drinking water means that the source is less than 1 kilometer away from its place of use and that it is possible to reliably obtain at least 20 litres per member of a household per day. • Drinking water is water used for domestic purposes, drinking, cooking and personal hygiene 5
  6. 6. Drinking Water • Each person needs 20-50 liters of safe freshwater a day for drinking, cooking and cleaning. o More than one in six people worldwide - 894 million - don't have access to this amount of safe freshwater. 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. Water use By 2025, 800 million people will experience absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world population could be under stress conditions. 1.1 billion people have no access to any type of improved drinking source of water. 8
  9. 9. Consequences • At the start of the 21st century un-clean water is the world’s second biggest killer of children. • 1.6 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases, the leading cause of disease worldwide o 90% of these are children under 5 • 133 million suffer from high intensity intestinal helminths (parasitic worms) infections o 1.5 million cases of clinical hepatitis A every year 9
  10. 10. Importance of Clean Water • Essential for the prevention of disease, especially in developing nations o Reduce the number of insect-related disease, such as malaria, as well as air-borne diseases o Improve Sanitation • Basic needs o Bathing o Drinking o Cooking 10
  11. 11. Students Without Water • UNICEF estimates over 50% of world’s schools have no access to drinking water/sanitation • Clean water leads to fewer water- borne diseases, which means fewer missed classes • Children (esp. girls) often miss class to fetch water 11
  12. 12. Reducing Child Mortality • 5,000 children die each day from water/sanitation related causes • Unclean water is the #1 cause of diarrheal diseases such as cholera o Children are most vulnerable to these diseases 12
  13. 13. Improving Maternal Health • Carrying water can cause spinal malformations that make birth difficult o Many pregnant women collect water until the day they give birth • Lack of water can aggravate anemia and cause fetal complications • Safe deliveries, pre- and post-natal care are impossible without access to clean water 13
  14. 14. Combating HIV & Other Diseases • HIV patients are vulnerable to opportunistic infection o Easily transmitted through unclean water • Easy access to clean water o Prevents disease o Leads to faster recovery o Allows sick individuals more time to rest 14
  15. 15. Global Status Source: UNICEF/WHO (2012) • Regional distribution of global population not served with improved water supply and improved sanitation 15
  16. 16. Global Coverage • Most of those using an improved drinking water source also use improved sanitation 50% BOTH WATER AND SANITATION 25% WATER 16% NEITHER WATER NOR SANITATION 9% SANITATION 16
  17. 17. Main Cause There are 3 main cause of unimproved water sanitation 1.Illliteracy. 2.Poverty. 3.Unsupported behavior. 17
  18. 18. Programmes on Sanitation • Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) for Rural Sanitation by Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation, Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India • Integrated Low Cost Sanitation Scheme (ILCS) for Urban Sanitation by Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), Govt. of India • Indira & Rajiv Awas Yojana in urban areas targeted to achieve housing for all •Various river cleaning projects to stop untreated municipal sewage and industrial effluents flowing into rivers by Ministry of Environment and Forests. 18
  19. 19. Achievements in Rural Sanitation •493 Million additional rural people (68% of rural population) now have access to sanitation facilities since 1990, with 88 Million (11% of rural population) •124 Million children from 5,82,456 schools participated in Hand-washing with soap campaigns between the period 2009 to 2011 1% 4% 11% 3% 10%11% 14% 6% 17%18% 22%22%23% 27% 31%32% 39% 48% 56% 68% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 1980 1988 1989 1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1997 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 1999: LaunchofTotal SanitationCampaign 2003- LaunchofNirmalGramPuraskar Rural Sanitation Coverage as per GoI data 0.68 0.22 0.37 0.14 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 School Toilet(in million) Anganwadi Toilet(in million) Since SACOSAN-III 1990-2008 19
  20. 20. What we want….. • Provides safe drinking water to people who really need it 20
  21. 21. Safe Drinking Water Program • Focuses on the development of children in need, ages 0-13…. • The Children’s Safe Drinking Water Program should be our global program. 21
  22. 22. Better School Sanitation 22
  23. 23. Sustained Efforts in Developing India • Work with community based groups, schools, clinics to create habit change. • Increases product availability, creates jobs, and is sustainable. 23
  24. 24. OUR GOAL Provide 2.5 million liters of safe drinking water by the end of 2015 How can you help? • BY Donations • Collect money during outreach events • Partner with local businesses to collect money • Share the facts related to safe drinking water 24
  25. 25. How You Can Help • Tell your family & friends about water issues around the world… • Conduct a fundraiser to support water programs in developing countries 100.00 gives a child clean water for 50 days. 700.50 gives a child clean water for a year. 3000.00 gives a family clean water for a year. 25
  26. 26. Implication for the future • We want a better planning for tomorrow 26
  27. 27. Examples of Key Issues (Safe Drinking Water) • Planning at country level to achieve the target – Ownership and governance / Promotion of political will • Providing safe drinking water supply – Full use of traditional system and site-specific technologies • Maintenance of existing systems – Rehabilitation and improved operation and maintenance of existing systems • Capacity building – Human resources and institutional building – Synergy among partners 27
  28. 28. Examples of Key Issues (Sanitation) Climate, Culture, Public Acceptance Socio- economics Technology Water Resources, Natural Environment Keys to Sustainable Progress in Sanitation • Expanding and improving • Promoting safe hygiene • Develop Technical and sanitation services which should be affordable and socially and culturally acceptable education and practices Financial Capacity 28
  29. 29. Integrate Sanitation into Water resources Management as well as Water Pollution Prevention Humans Nature Sanitation for Black / Gray Water Safe Drinking Water and Other Domestic Water Agriculture, Industry and Other Water Uses 29
  30. 30. Good Governance and Broad Participation Government Citizen Private Sector Schools NGOs Community Leaders Other Stakeholders Health Workers Mass Media ・ Policy Making and Public Awareness Institutional/Financial/Technological Arrangement Technical Advisors 30
  31. 31. Water Conservation Tips for Indoors • Let your parents know about leaks in your house – Leaks are easily fixable and save you water and money • Tell your parents about high- efficiency washers, faucets, and toilets • Run your dishwasher or washing machine only with full loads • Turn off the faucet when brushing or shaving • Take shorter showers 31
  32. 32. Water Conservation Tips for Outside • Water your lawn only when it needs it • Water your plants earlier in the day when less can evaporate • Plant plants and shrubs that use less water, like sunflowers, lavender, and marigolds • Don’t water the gutter • Don’t run the hose while washing your car 32
  33. 33. Water Conservation Tips for School • Bring or use a reusable water bottle like a Nalgene instead of the drinking fountain • Turn off the tap while washing your hands • Pay attention to water conservation signs in bathrooms and drinking fountains • Inform administration if there are any leaking pipes, hoses, or hydrants 33
  34. 34. Measure Problem • Above problems and solutions are simple and solvable. • Here a measure problem is that we provide solution for water purification but we do not prevent or stop the main cause of the pollution in water.. 34
  35. 35. Together, we can make a difference! 35
  36. 36. Appendix Reference 1. JMP report 2013. 2. JMP report 2012. 3.Drinking water quality in rural India: Issues and Approaches Background Paper (Water Aid). 4. Country Report Abstract – India. 5. Global Water Crisis. 6. Glaas_report_2012_eng. 36
  37. 37. 37 LET US TOGETHER MAKE Thank you Sanitation is more important than Independence Cleanliness is next to Godliness

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