Fruits value chain development                                                                               Interventions...
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Fruits value chain development: interventions and lessons


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Poster for the ‘Market-Oriented Smallholder Development: IPMS Experience-Sharing Workshop,’ Addis Ababa, 2-3 June 2011

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Fruits value chain development: interventions and lessons

  1. 1. Fruits value chain development Interventions and lessons KnowledgeVa l u e c h a i n management /interventions Initial diagnosis Capacity development • Farmers and traders recognized the market potential for improved Input supply interventions: Ta r g e t i n g quality fruits. However market channels were not sufficiently developed. Farmers were price takers of fruit market “monopolies” Women and farmers with entrepreneurial skills willing to invest • Inadequate knowledge and skills on improved quality fruit production systems among value chain actors • Involvement of women in harvesting and selling of fruits is significant when production is small, while their involvement was limited when production is significant Private fruit nurseries and private banana • Local fruit production systems had limited economic potentialsucker supplies promoted in areas where because most varieties/cultivars were unimproved; do not maturemarkets for fruits looked promising. Knowledge management / quickly; had poorer fruit quality; had canopies that interfere with understory crops; and were difficult to harvest Skill development • Improved fruit seedling production/supply system was mainly Access to knowledge through training, study tours, farmer field days handled by the government and/or NGO programs and had very limited reach/capacity, which resulted in inadequate supply of improved seedlings • Limited linkages between producers, other chain actors and service providers .Creating sustainable fruit seedlingsupply system at village level Va l u e c h a i n a c t o r s , s e r v i c e p r o v i d e r s Knowledge sharing arrangements: transferring knowledge and linkages from skilled to unskilled farmers. Knowledge/Skills Input supply MoA, BoA, OoA services EARS (Melkassa, Jimma, Private nurseries linked to Adet, Alamata) EARS, Churches, Agro-industry Advanced farmers (shared Private and Coop shops (farmWomen earned additional income cropping) tools, chemicals, irrigationfrom fruit seedling sales CGIAR (IWMI) accessories) NGOs Regional and national agricultural exhibitions: a fast and efficient means of knowledge dissemination Production interventions: Fruit Producers Additional ICT-supported information /knowledge via Credit Processing / Ethiopian Agriculture Portal (EAP) varieties with good Introduction of basin irrigation: a Marketinginternational reputation to respond to way to reduce impact of water-borne Microfinance institutionsmarket demands. diseases Cooperatives union Regional marketing agencies NGOs/ projects (lenders/ BoA (Regulation - Certification funders) Cooperatives Traders TradersPlant height: a critical feature for tree management and harvesting (dwarf fruitingtrees) Lessons and challenges Processing / Marketing interventions • Knowledge sharing, trainings, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including women • Rapid market assessments are helpful in identifying potential markets. New market arrangements still need to be developed once volumes of improved fruits increase • Sophisticated post harvest handling (ripening, packaging), better market arrangements and better actor linkages will be required when dealing with increased commercial quantities Tackling marketing problems: training in the use of kerosene burners for ripping • Establishment of private nursery system is the most significant intervention, especially for banana in Metema women, since it requires little land. These private nurseries should be registered and linked to centralized/coordinated sources of improved varieties to maintain a sustainable system for commercial operation • A farmer-to-farmer sucker supply system was successfully developed for banana. Future expansion of the system should consider the development of ripening and appropriate phyto-sanitary arrangements to avoid the possible spread of soil/plant born diseases • Private nursery operators’ skills in grafting were easily developed and examples of spontaneous adoption of grafting have been observedSmall local markets are often insufficientto absorb the high volume and moreexpensive products This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. P r o d u c e d b y I L R I K M I S J u n e 2 0 11