Pulse value chain development: Interventions and lessons
Pulse value chain development interventions and lessons Value chain interventions Knowledge management and capacity development Initial diagnosis Input supply interventions • Farmers and traders were becoming familiar with export‐oriented pulse production • There was inadequate knowledge and skills on export‐oriented pulse production among value chain actors • Women involvement in pulse was limited Community seed bank system for sustainable • Disease, poor quality seeds, limited use of fertilizers, supply of pulse seed Knowledge sharing on pulse development and poor planting arrangements often resulted in through training and FTC demonstrations poor productivity • Seed multiplication was mostly handled by research and the Ethiopian Seed Enterprise. Supply of seed for new and old varieties was limited • Limited linkages between producers and other value chain actors Farmers sell haricot bean Cooperative input seeds to cooperatives supply shop Availing market information by putting billboards in markets! Production interventions Value chain actors, service providers and linkages Credit • Microfinance institutions • Cooperatives • Private industry Promotion of new varieties On farm trial on the use of • Shops Additional ICT supported of pulse to respond to bio fertilizer for increased information/knowledge via Ethiopian export market demand productivity Agriculture Portal (EAP) www.eap.gov.et Knowledge/ Skill Input supply/ • Bureau of services Agriculture • Cooperatives • Private sectors, pulse • Ethiopian Seed • • Cooperatives Specialized farmers producers Enterprise • National Research Targeting • NGO/ project • NGOs and • Specialized seed Students farmers Seed treatment to reduce root rot Market • Local market Processing / Marketing interventions • Cooperatives • Commercial processors Targeting women and farmers with entrepreneurial skill Lessons and challenges • Knowledge sharing, training, follow up of interventions, and partner linkages contribute to improving the skills and knowledge of value chain actors and service providers, including women Value addition for the market: seed packing and labeling • Rapid market assessments were effective in identifying export market varieties and marketing channels for pulse crops • Linkages with large scale processors established through private traders and District level cooperatives or unions, were important • Seed dressing is an effective improved disease management method for root rot • If they find basic seeds, farmers can successfully do seed multiplication. Major regional/federal level interventions to improve basic seed supply systems are required • When it comes to seeds, it is important to combine farmer‐to‐farmer exchange systems with sales through cooperatives. Relying solely on farmer‐to‐farmer seed system results in sale of seeds as grains Facilitating market linkage for local • Use of community seed banks to maintain high quality seeds requires a long term linkage (registration) with the basic seed and export markets supply system in order to maintain seed quality over time This document is licensed for use under a Creative Commons Attribution‐Noncommercial‐Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.