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03 Simple ideograms

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Kalligrafi 03

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03 Simple ideograms

  1. 1. Lesson 03 Independent characters (2) - Simple ideograms
  2. 2. zhǐ shì zì • Simple ideograms (指 事 字 - indication ), which are also called “Indicative characters”, express abstract meanings by simple symbols. • Characters of this sort either add indicators to pictographs to make new meanings, or illustrate abstract concepts directly. • The indicative characters are much fewer in number than the pictograms.
  3. 3. • In the examples below, low numerals are represented by the appropriate number of strokes:
  4. 4. běn mò In "本"(root) and "末"(treetop),a short string underneath and a short string upside are respectively used to indicate the positions of a root and treetop.
  5. 5. běn 本 root
  6. 6. mò 末 top of tree - apex
  7. 7. shàng xià In the characters "上 "and "下", an iconic indication above and below a line is used to express the directions “up” and “down”. shàng 上 Up xià 下 Down
  8. 8. shàng 上 up, on
  9. 9. xià 下 down, below
  10. 10. zhōng 中 middle, centre
  11. 11. dà 大 big
  12. 12. xiǎo 小 small
  13. 13. tài 太 too,excessively
  14. 14. tiān 天 sky,day
  15. 15. bái 白 white
  16. 16. cháng 长 long
  17. 17. lì 力 power
  18. 18. xuè 血 blood
  19. 19. yán 言 speech, word
  20. 20. huí 回 circle,return
  21. 21. Takk for i dag!

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