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02 Pictograms

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Kalligrafi 02

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02 Pictograms

  1. 1. Lesson 02 Independent characters (1) Pictograms
  2. 2. Independent characters and combined characters • Chinese characters can be divided into two categories: independent characters and combined characters. • Independent characters can subdivided into two kinds: pictograms and Simple ideograms. • Combined characters can be subdivided into two kinds: Compound ideograms and pictophonetic characters.
  3. 3. Chinese characters hàn zì 汉 字 combined character hé tǐ zì 合 体 字 independent characters dú tǐ zì 独 体 字 Pictograms xiàng xíng zì 象 形 字 (form imitation) Simple ideograms zhǐ shì zì 指 事 字 (indication) Compound ideograms huì yì zì 会 意 字 (joined meaning) Pictophonetic characters xíng shēng zì 形 声 字 (form and sound)
  4. 4. • In fact, there are two other categories of Chinese characters • They are small categories and less important. jiǎ jiè Rebus characters - 假 借 (phonetic loan) zhuǎn zhù Derivative cognate - 转 注(reciprocal meaning)
  5. 5. xiàng xíng Pictograms ( 象 形 )
  6. 6. xiàng xíng • Pictograms (象 形 – form imitation) represent in stylized form the things they refer to (such as animals, a person, or objects, etc.) • Only 5% (about 500) of all Chinese characters belong to the pictographic kind - stylized drawings of the objects they represent. • They are of crucial importance to the mastery of the structure of Chinese characters.
  7. 7. Changes of Pictograms Pronunciation Meaning 日(rì) Sun 月(yuè) Moon 目(mù) Eye 木(mù) Tree 山(shān) Mountain 水(shuǐ) water
  8. 8. What’s the difference between the pictographic characters and their modern version? • -- The characters are no longer imitations of things they refer to, but in square forms; • -- The soft lines have been turned into solid strokes.
  9. 9. rén 人 people, person
  10. 10. zǐ 子 child,baby
  11. 11. nǚ 女 woman, girl
  12. 12. mǔ 母 mother
  13. 13. kǒu 口 mouth
  14. 14. mù 目 eye
  15. 15. ěr 耳 ear
  16. 16. shǒu 手 hand
  17. 17. zú 足 foot
  18. 18. xīn 心 heart
  19. 19. rì 日 sun
  20. 20. yuè 月 moon
  21. 21. huǒ 火 fire
  22. 22. shān 山 mountain
  23. 23. shí 石 stone, rock
  24. 24. shuǐ 水 water
  25. 25. yǔ 雨 rain
  26. 26. tián 田 field, farm
  27. 27. chē 车 cart ,vehicle
  28. 28. mén 门 door, gate
  29. 29. mù 木 tree, wood
  30. 30. guǒ 果 fruit
  31. 31. hǔ 虎 tiger
  32. 32. niú 牛 ox, bull
  33. 33. yáng 羊 sheep, goat
  34. 34. yú 鱼 fish
  35. 35. bèi 贝 shell
  36. 36. chóng 虫 worm, insect
  37. 37. mǎ 马 horse
  38. 38. niǎo 鸟 bird
  39. 39. Takk for i dag!

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