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05 Phono-semantic compound characters

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Kalligrafi 05

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05 Phono-semantic compound characters

  1. 1. Lesson 05 Combined characters (2) Phono-semantic compound characters xíng shēng zì 形 声 字
  2. 2. xíng shēng • Phono-semantic compound characters (形 声 - “form and sound”) are one category of combined characters. • Also called “Pictophonetic characters”
  3. 3. • A Pictophonetic character is made up of two parts: “semantic part” (indicating meaning of the character) and “phonetic part” (indicating the pronunciation of the character ), for example: 妈 Semantic phonetic Pictophonetic character
  4. 4. • 90% of Chinese characters are pictophonetic characters. Although their amount is quite big, they are not difficult to understand and pronounce if we are familiar with the basic independent characters(pictograms & simple ideograms). semantic phonetic Pictophonetic character Char. Meaning Char. Pron. Char. Pron. Meaning 氵 water + 木 mù = 沐 mù to wash one’s hair 氵 water + 林 lín = 淋 lín to pour 艹 grass + 采 cǎi = 菜 cài vegetable 艹 grass + 牙 yá = 芽 yá bud 木 wood + 乔 qiáo = 桥 qiáo bridge 日 sun + 青 qīnɡ = 晴 qínɡ sunny
  5. 5. • The development of Chinese language is complicated. Some characters has changed their pronunciations developments. So we can find out that the phonetic part of a character doesn't represent the exact pronunciation of the character. semantic part phonetic part Pictophonetic character Char. Meaning Char. Pron. Char. Pron. Meaning speech + jǐng = jiǎng to talk, to speak fire + yīn = yān smoke
  6. 6. zhù 住 to dwell, to live
  7. 7. jī 机 machine
  8. 8. hé 河 river
  9. 9. dòng 冻 to froze
  10. 10. hūn 婚 marriage
  11. 11. zhǐ 指 to point, to indicate; finger
  12. 12. bà 爸 papa
  13. 13. cǎo 草 grass
  14. 14. chàng 唱 to sing (sang)
  15. 15. bìng 病 sick, ill
  16. 16. cái 财 wealth
  17. 17. chāo 超 surpass, super
  18. 18. chén 晨 morning
  19. 19. dù 肚 belly
  20. 20. fàn 饭 food, rice
  21. 21. fàng 放 to put, to place
  22. 22. gāng 钢 steel
  23. 23. gē 歌 song
  24. 24. hái 孩 child
  25. 25. jiǎng 讲 to talk, to speak
  26. 26. jìn 近 near
  27. 27. kè 客 guest
  28. 28. wèn 问 to ask
  29. 29. kuài 筷 chopstick
  30. 30. liáng 粮 grain,food
  31. 31. mào 帽 hat,cap
  32. 32. pá 爬 crawl,climb
  33. 33. pǎo 跑 to run
  34. 34. piāo 飘 to float, to fly
  35. 35. qí 骑 to ride
  36. 36. qíng 情 feeling, love
  37. 37. shén 神 God, spirit
  38. 38. kù 裤 pants,trousers
  39. 39. wù 雾 fog,mist
  40. 40. xiǎng 想 to think
  41. 41. yān 烟 smoke
  42. 42. yuán 园 garden
  43. 43. zhàn 战 war, fight
  44. 44. zhàn 站 to stand;station
  45. 45. Takk for i dag!

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