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Pinyin Lesson 03
Spelling rules (1)
• A simple vowel can locate after a consonant and
become a part of syllable. For example:
fó
佛
Buddha
sè
色
color
lù
路
road...
• A simple vowel can be used as an individual syllable.
For example:
ā
啊
(ah)
è
饿
(hungry)
ò
哦
(oh)
• If “i” is used as an individual syllable, “y”must be
placed in front of it. For example:
yī
一
(one)
yì
亿
(a hundred mill...
• If “u” is used as an individual syllable, “w” must be
placed in front of it. For example:
wǔ
五
(five)
wù
雾
(fog, mist)
• If “ü” is used as an individual syllable, “y” must be
placed in front of it. The two dots above “ü” are
omitted. For exa...
• When “ü” lies after consonants “j”, “q” , “x”, the
two dots above “ü” are omitted. For example:
jǔ (=jǚ)
举
to lift
qù (=...
 Exercises
Exercise 1 - Read aloud. Try to pronounce pinyin correctly
Exercise 2 - Try to pronounce pinyin correctly
jiǔ shí bā sān shí sì
bā shí èr jiǔ shí qī wǔ shí yī
Exercise 3 – Write correct pinyin for the numbers and read aloud
Exercise 4 – Listen and circle the correct pinyin
Exercise 5 – Listen and add a tonal mark on the pinyin
ā ū ì
ǐ iě ǒu ǎi
Exercise 6 – Listen and write down the vowels with tonal marks
Exercise 7 – Listen and and circle the correct pinyin
ǔ é ā
ǐ ò ù ǘ
ái éi ūn ǎo
Exercise 8 – Listen and write down the vowels with tonal marks
Everyday conversations
nǐ hǎo
你 好! Hi!Hello!
zǎo shàng hǎo
早 上 好! Good morning!
Xià wǔ hǎo
下 午 好! Good afternoon!
wǎn shàng hǎo
晚 上 好! Good eveni...
nǐ hǎo ma
你 好 吗? Are you OK? (Går det bra med deg?)
wǒ hěn hǎo
我 很 好。 I’m fine.
wǒ bù hǎo
我 不 好。 I’m not good.
mǎ mǎ hǔ hǔ...
xiè xiè
谢 谢。 Thanks.
bú kè qì
不 客 气。 Don't mention it. You're welcome.
bú xiè
不 谢。 Don't mention it; Not at all.
bú xiè
不 ...
duì bù qǐ
对 不 起。 Excuse me. Sorry.
méi guān xì
没 关 系。 It doesn't matter. It’s OK.
zài jiàn
再 见。 See you later.
míng tiān jiàn
明 天 见。 See you tomorrow.
Farvel
Sòng bié
送 别
John Pond Ordway
(1824-1880)
• American doctor, composer, and
politician
• One of the first surgeons to volunteer at
the s...
hóng yī dà shī
弘 一 大 師 (1880-1942)
• painter, musician, dramatist,
poet, and Buddhist monk
• The poem《farewell》was
written...
cháng tíng wài
长 亭 外
Outside the resting arbor
gǔ dào biān
古 道 边
beside the ancient thoroughfare
fāng cǎo bì lián tiān
芳 草...
wǎn fēng fú liǔ dí shēng cán
晚 风 扶 柳 笛 声 残
The evening breeze brushing the willow,
the flute sound lingering.
xī yáng shān...
tiān zhī yá
天 之 涯
At the verge of heaven,
dì zhī jiǎo
地 之 角
At the four corners of the earth
zhī jiāo bàn líng luò
知 交 半 零...
yī hú zhuó jiǔ jìn yú huān
一 壶 浊 酒 尽 余 欢
With a gourdful of turbid wine,
enjoy the last moment of pleasure
jīn xiāo bié mè...
tiān zhī yá
天 之 涯
dì zhī jiǎo
地 之 角
zhī jiāo bàn líng luò
知 交 半 零 落
yī hú zhuó jiǔ jìn yú huān
一 壶 浊 酒 尽 余 欢
jīn xiāo bié ...
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Pinyin 03 Spelling rules 1

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Pinyin 03

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Pinyin 03 Spelling rules 1

  1. 1. Pinyin Lesson 03 Spelling rules (1)
  2. 2. • A simple vowel can locate after a consonant and become a part of syllable. For example: fó 佛 Buddha sè 色 color lù 路 road lǜ 绿 green
  3. 3. • A simple vowel can be used as an individual syllable. For example: ā 啊 (ah) è 饿 (hungry) ò 哦 (oh)
  4. 4. • If “i” is used as an individual syllable, “y”must be placed in front of it. For example: yī 一 (one) yì 亿 (a hundred million)
  5. 5. • If “u” is used as an individual syllable, “w” must be placed in front of it. For example: wǔ 五 (five) wù 雾 (fog, mist)
  6. 6. • If “ü” is used as an individual syllable, “y” must be placed in front of it. The two dots above “ü” are omitted. For example: yú (= yǘ) 鱼 (fish) yǔ (= yǚ) 雨 (rain)
  7. 7. • When “ü” lies after consonants “j”, “q” , “x”, the two dots above “ü” are omitted. For example: jǔ (=jǚ) 举 to lift qù (=qǜ) 去 to go xū(=xǖ) 须 beard
  8. 8.  Exercises
  9. 9. Exercise 1 - Read aloud. Try to pronounce pinyin correctly
  10. 10. Exercise 2 - Try to pronounce pinyin correctly
  11. 11. jiǔ shí bā sān shí sì bā shí èr jiǔ shí qī wǔ shí yī Exercise 3 – Write correct pinyin for the numbers and read aloud
  12. 12. Exercise 4 – Listen and circle the correct pinyin
  13. 13. Exercise 5 – Listen and add a tonal mark on the pinyin
  14. 14. ā ū ì ǐ iě ǒu ǎi Exercise 6 – Listen and write down the vowels with tonal marks
  15. 15. Exercise 7 – Listen and and circle the correct pinyin
  16. 16. ǔ é ā ǐ ò ù ǘ ái éi ūn ǎo Exercise 8 – Listen and write down the vowels with tonal marks
  17. 17. Everyday conversations
  18. 18. nǐ hǎo 你 好! Hi!Hello! zǎo shàng hǎo 早 上 好! Good morning! Xià wǔ hǎo 下 午 好! Good afternoon! wǎn shàng hǎo 晚 上 好! Good evening! wǎn ān 晚 安 Good night!
  19. 19. nǐ hǎo ma 你 好 吗? Are you OK? (Går det bra med deg?) wǒ hěn hǎo 我 很 好。 I’m fine. wǒ bù hǎo 我 不 好。 I’m not good. mǎ mǎ hǔ hǔ 马 马 虎 虎。 Just so-so. Not bad.
  20. 20. xiè xiè 谢 谢。 Thanks. bú kè qì 不 客 气。 Don't mention it. You're welcome. bú xiè 不 谢。 Don't mention it; Not at all. bú xiè 不 谢。 Don't mention it; Not at all. bù , xiè xiè 不 , 谢 谢 。 No, thanks The word bù 不(no; not) has the 4th tone, but when it is followed by another 4th tone, it becomes 2nd tone. (4+4 → 2+4)Rule Legge merke til:
  21. 21. duì bù qǐ 对 不 起。 Excuse me. Sorry. méi guān xì 没 关 系。 It doesn't matter. It’s OK.
  22. 22. zài jiàn 再 见。 See you later. míng tiān jiàn 明 天 见。 See you tomorrow.
  23. 23. Farvel Sòng bié 送 别
  24. 24. John Pond Ordway (1824-1880) • American doctor, composer, and politician • One of the first surgeons to volunteer at the start of the American Civil War. • Dreaming of Home and Mother (1851) was a popular sentimental song of the Civil War era. It is popular in China and Japan in translated versions.[
  25. 25. hóng yī dà shī 弘 一 大 師 (1880-1942) • painter, musician, dramatist, poet, and Buddhist monk • The poem《farewell》was written by Hong Yi in 1915. The author expressed his sadness while seeing off a friend.
  26. 26. cháng tíng wài 长 亭 外 Outside the resting arbor gǔ dào biān 古 道 边 beside the ancient thoroughfare fāng cǎo bì lián tiān 芳 草 碧 连 天 The fragrant grass so green, stretching to meet the sky afar
  27. 27. wǎn fēng fú liǔ dí shēng cán 晚 风 扶 柳 笛 声 残 The evening breeze brushing the willow, the flute sound lingering. xī yáng shān wài shān 夕 阳 山 外 山 The setting sun beyond the mountains.
  28. 28. tiān zhī yá 天 之 涯 At the verge of heaven, dì zhī jiǎo 地 之 角 At the four corners of the earth zhī jiāo bàn líng luò 知 交 半 零 落 My bosom friends are half gone and no longer seen
  29. 29. yī hú zhuó jiǔ jìn yú huān 一 壶 浊 酒 尽 余 欢 With a gourdful of turbid wine, enjoy the last moment of pleasure jīn xiāo bié mèng hán 今 宵 别 梦 寒 The parting dream turning cold this very night.
  30. 30. tiān zhī yá 天 之 涯 dì zhī jiǎo 地 之 角 zhī jiāo bàn líng luò 知 交 半 零 落 yī hú zhuó jiǔ jìn yú huān 一 壶 浊 酒 尽 余 欢 jīn xiāo bié mèng hán 今 宵 别 梦 寒 Cháng tíng wài 长 亭 外 gǔ dào biān 古 道 边 fāng cǎo bì lián tiān 芳 草 碧 连 天 wǎn fēng fú liǔ dí shēng cán 晚 风 拂 柳 笛 声 残 xī yáng shān wài shān 夕 阳 山 外 山 sòng bié 送 别

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