Today’s session… <ul><li>Why are these ‘interesting times’ ? </li></ul><ul><li>How can the GA help you through them ? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Curriculum making” – practical activities </li></ul><ul><li>Some ideas to take away... </li></ul><ul><li>The future curriculum (incl. OFSTED’s view) </li></ul>
Curriculum making in “interesting times…” Geography Why are they interesting ?
Budgets Closure of BECTa / QCDA Removal of advisory support End of APG2 EBacc Curriculum time OFSTED 'criticism' Student voice Web 2.0 & personal 'tech' World events Teacher ‘shortages’ Job security CPD arrangements Fieldwork
Busy times for education <ul><li>Pension changes & industrial action </li></ul><ul><li>International comparisons (PISA) </li></ul><ul><li>Scrapping of modular GCSEs </li></ul><ul><li>New OFSTED framework </li></ul><ul><li>Social media & new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Examination system – errors </li></ul><ul><li>“ more accountability measures..” </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in Initial Teacher Education </li></ul><ul><li>Free schools and Academies </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in testing for PGCE entrants </li></ul>
“ When the winds of change come, some seek shelter, others build windmills” Image: Alan Parkinson
National Curriculum Review <ul><li>The first phase of the review process started after April 14 2011. The Programmes of Study for Maths, Science, PE and English will be decided. This is also when the government will decide which other subjects (apart from these) will be a statutory part of the national curriculum. Hopefully this will include geography at all stages. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2 nd phase begins in ‘early 2012’, when consultation on the programmes of study for the rest of the national curriculum will be decided. </li></ul><ul><li>First teaching of the 1 st phase subjects is September 2013. </li></ul><ul><li>The second phase programmes of study will be known in 2013, for first teaching September 2014 </li></ul>
Tim Oates Chair of Curriculum Review Aims "embody for all children in England their cultural and scientific inheritance, enhance their understanding of the world around them and introduce them to the best that has been thought and written"
The 2010 White Paper: Importance of Teaching <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The White Paper recognises the contribution of geography in a national curriculum that is broad and balanced. </li></ul><ul><li>The development of an English Baccalaureate is likely to result in greater opportunities for children to study geography at KS4. </li></ul><ul><li>The refocusing of teaching and learning on ‘traditional subject knowledge’ provides an opportunity to review and strengthen the contribution of knowledge within geography as a school subject discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>The idea of identifying ‘core knowledge’ that is presented progressively contains some merits. </li></ul>
Core knowledge <ul><li>What are we going to be teaching ? </li></ul><ul><li>What is core knowledge in geography ? </li></ul>
The 2010 White Paper Importance of Teaching <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The assessment of subject knowledge to provide benchmarks provides an opportunity to bring greater clarity of standards within subject work. </li></ul><ul><li>The GA welcomes and strongly endorses references in the White Paper aimed to encourage teachers to use their professional skills and experience in making decisions about how to organise the curriculum and in how curriculum content should be taught. </li></ul><ul><li> The idea of drawing on international experiences is interesting and may generate additional ideas for improving both teaching and learning in the subject. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
• change • distance • diversity • interaction • interdependence • landscape • location • pattern • perception • place • process • proximity • relationship • risk • scale • space • spatial distribution • sustainability • systems
Literacy Numeracy Critical and creative thinking Ethical behaviour Personal and social competence Intercultural understanding
What is curriculum making ? “ the creation of interesting, engaging and challenging educational experiences which draw upon teacher knowledge and skills, the experiences of students and the subject resource..”
What is knowledge? <ul><li>The Geographical Association’s Manifesto ( www.geography.org.uk/adifferentview ) states clearly, to learn geography requires both ‘ vocabulary’ (geographical information) and ‘ grammar’ (big ideas or concepts). These represent different kinds of knowledge and both are important. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The core subject knowledge mentioned in the White Paper may be thought of as ‘vocabulary’. It does not just accrete naturally: it has to be taught and learned. This need not mark the end of relevant and engaging geography! Knowledge development is not to be confused only with closed facts, nor with the very old fashioned idea of education based solely on the accumulation of fragmented, received information. But extensive factual world knowledge – geography’s vocabulary - is useful. </li></ul>
What is knowledge? <ul><li>The vocabulary is probably best learned in context of the ideas or concepts (the grammar) we are trying to develop with students: ideas such as, countries, regions, interdependence, climate, place, location. It can be built into lessons with careful teaching. </li></ul><ul><li>World knowledge is enabling knowledge and in some ways brings to life powerful conceptual understanding of the world and how it is made. One without the other diminishes students’ geographical capability - their understanding of the world and their relationship with it. </li></ul>
Making Geography Happen Young People’s Geographies
Student Experiences Geography: the subject Teacher Choices Underpinned by Key Concepts Thinking Geographically Which learning activity ? Does this take the learner beyond what they already know ? Living Geography & ‘curriculum making’
In productive classrooms there are three main bundles of energy that drive and shape the outcomes. First there are the students themselves and what we know about how they learn. Then there are teachers who use knowledge and skill about teaching to organise lessons in the most accessible way. But perhaps the most important resource of all is the subject. Why is this subject significant to students? How does it contribute to educational achievement? What is worthwhile trying to teach? What is relevant to learn? How can my subject be motivating, rewarding and enjoyable to learn?'
Whose choices influence 8X’s lesson ? Policy-makers Awarding bodies Textbook / resource writers School management Geography department: present and past Class teacher Others ?? Prior learning from other lessons Prior learning from geography Learning from friends and family Learning from media Personal experience What do 8X bring to the lesson ?
Geography teaching in decline – Ofsted The parlous state of geography teaching in many state schools is exposed today in a damning report by inspectors. More than 100 secondary schools do not enter a single pupil for a GCSE exam in the subject, according to Ofsted, the education standards. In addition, pupils’ map-reading skills are so poor that even pupils who had done a topic on Kenya could not find the country on a map of Africa. Geography lessons 'not good enough in half of schools' Children’s knowledge of capital cities, continents, world affairs and the environment is in sharp decline because of poor geography lessons, inspectors warned today. Without geography, the world would be a mystery to us Geography is the subject that contributes more than any other to young people’s knowledge of the world, writes David Lambert .
"may just be the most revolutionary geography-related book ever published" - Geographical Magazine review Produced by the Geography Collective 2 new books: On the Road & Camping out now Keep an eye out for Discover Explore in September http://www.missionexplore.co.uk
Presentation available at: http://slideshare.net/geoblogs I am grateful to my colleague Ruth Totterdell for a document relating to the curriculum review and OFSTED that has been incorporated into this document as slides
Weblinks <ul><li>http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12301421 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.geographyteachingtoday.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.geography.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>http://geographical.ning.com – JOIN US </li></ul>