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Why Safety is Important
• Minimize risks to passengers, the public, staff and contractors
• Meet customers and stakeholder...
 Continual improvement by adopting Plan-Do-
Check-Act model
 Proactive measures of performance that
monitor conformance ...
General Practices Safety Management System
Detect faults Minimize errors
Reactive Monitoring Proactive Monitoring
Fire fig...
3
Observations
1) Safety Management System (SMS)
- SMS shall be established to demonstrate sound safety
performance by con...
Observations
4) Accident Investigation
- Incident organization, including roles and responsibilities
and reporting system ...
Observations
6) Performance Monitoring and Measurement
- Consideration should be given to establish proactive KPIs
7) Foll...
Observations
8) Industrial Accident Investigation
- Adequacy and suitability of recommended actions
need to be reviewed be...
Safety Management System - OHSAS 18001
Standard
Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS)
• First published i...
Safety
Management
System - OHSAS
18001 Model Safety & Health Policy
Continual improvement
Implementation (Do)
and Operatio...
What Should We do to Improve Safety
Performance
• Start from the Heart
• Think with Head
(Say what you do)
• Walk the talk...
A Systematic Approach to Safety Requires the
Refinement of the Following Elements
SMS (based
on OHSAS
18001)
Safety Policy...
Safety Management System - OHSAS
18001:2007 Requirements
OH&S Policy (clause 4.2)
• demonstrate the formal commitment to p...
OHSAS 18001:2007 Requirements
Hazard identification, risk assessment and
determining controls (clause 4.3.1)
• develop a m...
Risk Management - Support Safety-decision
Making and Prioritize Resources
Risk cannot be justified save in
extraordinary circumstances
(Intolerable)
Tolerable if cost of reduction would
exceed the...
 Sustained success
 Business continuity
 High profile position in the
public bus transportation
 Reputation
WORLD CLAS...
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Presentation OHSAS 18001

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Presentation OHSAS 18001

  1. 1. Why Safety is Important • Minimize risks to passengers, the public, staff and contractors • Meet customers and stakeholders expectations • Business continuity and sustainable development • Enhanced control • Improved working environment • Establish a responsible image within the marketplace
  2. 2.  Continual improvement by adopting Plan-Do- Check-Act model  Proactive measures of performance that monitor conformance with the programmes and effectiveness of control measures  Risk Management - support safety-decision making and prioritize resources to manage all safety risks according to the risk levels through the “hazard identification” and “risk assessment” processes  A recognizable safety management system standard with certification (Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series 18001)  Compliance  Reactive measures of performance that monitor industrial accidents  Qualitative risk assessment for job hazard analysis  Factories & Industrial Undertakings (Safety Management) Regulations governed by Labour Dept. Current Practices Towards a Systematic Approach 1 The Needs for a More Systematic Approach to Manage Safety
  3. 3. General Practices Safety Management System Detect faults Minimize errors Reactive Monitoring Proactive Monitoring Fire fighting & Systematic approach legal compliance and continual improvement Safety Management Practices
  4. 4. 3 Observations 1) Safety Management System (SMS) - SMS shall be established to demonstrate sound safety performance by controlling safety risks 2) Safety Policy - The scope should demonstrate to secure commitment and continual improvement in achieving a high level of safety performance. 3) Risk Management - Risk Matrix should be established in risk evaluation (i.e. risk ranking in R1 – R4 as a result of combination of the “likelihood” of an occurrence of a hazardous event and the “consequence” of injury that can be caused by the event) such that all safety risks can be assessed
  5. 5. Observations 4) Accident Investigation - Incident organization, including roles and responsibilities and reporting system needs to be more clearly defined to manage major accidents - Data base for root causes analysis needs to be established and further refined - Lesson learnt after the result of investigation should be incorporated into training materials and shared with frontline 5) Safety Training - Managerial and supervisory staff should receive training on safety management to enhance their safety awareness • Safety Management System • Accident Investigation (human factors and root causes analysis) • Safety Auditing
  6. 6. Observations 6) Performance Monitoring and Measurement - Consideration should be given to establish proactive KPIs 7) Follow-up Action (Safety Committees, Accident Investigations & Safety Audits/Safety Inspections) - Outstanding log should be in place, including responsible parties, actions to be taken, timeframe etc. to demonstrate all follow-up actions are properly closed-out
  7. 7. Observations 8) Industrial Accident Investigation - Adequacy and suitability of recommended actions need to be reviewed before implementation - Job Hazard Analysis and local procedures/work instructions should be reviewed after occurrence of the accidents - Lesson learnt after the result of investigation should be shared with frontline 9) Safety Inspection - Effectiveness of follow-up actions arising from industrial accidents should be checked during scheduled safety inspection - Lesson learnt after the result of safety inspection should be shared with frontline
  8. 8. Safety Management System - OHSAS 18001 Standard Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) • First published in 1999 and revised in 2007 • OHSAS 18001 now refers to itself as a standard, not a specification, or document, as in the earlier edition • It provides a comprehensive framework to improve the overall safety performance • Designed to be applicable to all types and sizes of companies • Plan-Do-Check-Act (PDCA) Approach • Auditable management system and accreditation by certification bodies • Compatible with ISO 9001 QMS and ISO 14001 EMS
  9. 9. Safety Management System - OHSAS 18001 Model Safety & Health Policy Continual improvement Implementation (Do) and Operation • Resources, roles, responsibility, accountability and authority • Competence, training and awareness • Communication, participation and consultation • Documentation • Control of documents • Operational control • Emergency preparedness and response Planning (Plan) • Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls • Legal and other requirements • Objectives & programme(s) Checking (Check & Act) • Performance measurement and monitoring • Evaluation of compliance • Incidents investigation, nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action • Control of records • Internal audit Management Review • Internal audit results, objectives, legal compliance • Results of participation and consultation • Communications (e.g. complaints) • Incident Investigations, corrective and preventive actions • Safety performance
  10. 10. What Should We do to Improve Safety Performance • Start from the Heart • Think with Head (Say what you do) • Walk the talk (Do what you say)
  11. 11. A Systematic Approach to Safety Requires the Refinement of the Following Elements SMS (based on OHSAS 18001) Safety Policy KPIs and Programmes Risk Management Incident Management Safety Management Training Documentation Audit and Management Review
  12. 12. Safety Management System - OHSAS 18001:2007 Requirements OH&S Policy (clause 4.2) • demonstrate the formal commitment to prevention of injury and ill health and continual improvement in OH&S management and performance; • demonstrate the formal commitment to at least comply with applicable legal and other requirements; • provide the framework for setting and reviewing OH&S objectives; • communicate to all staff; • available to interested parties; and • review the OH&S policy periodically to ensure that it remains relevant and appropriate to the organization.
  13. 13. OHSAS 18001:2007 Requirements Hazard identification, risk assessment and determining controls (clause 4.3.1) • develop a methodology to identify OH&S hazards and assess organization’s risks; and • establish, implement and maintain a procedure(s) for the ongoing hazard identification, risk assessment and determination of necessary controls.
  14. 14. Risk Management - Support Safety-decision Making and Prioritize Resources
  15. 15. Risk cannot be justified save in extraordinary circumstances (Intolerable) Tolerable if cost of reduction would exceed the improvement gained (Tolerable) Necessary to maintain assurance that risk remains at this level (Negligible) Tolerable only if risk reduction is impractical or it its cost is grossly disproportionate to the improvement gained (Undesirable) Size of risk Cost/Time in mitigating risk High Risk Low Risk Indices ALARP Region As Low As Reasonably Practicable R1 R3 R4 R2 Definitions Risk 3.1 Briefing: Risk Management System Review As Low As Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) Principle
  16. 16.  Sustained success  Business continuity  High profile position in the public bus transportation  Reputation WORLD CLASS ENTERPRISE  To be recognized as a world leader in providing quality transport services on a commercial basis GOAL  Social responsibilities  Caring company  Enhance the brand name COMMUNITY  Customer-focused environment  Customer satisfaction  Excellent services SERVICE QUALITY  Continual improvement in safety  Continual improvement in service quality STRATEGY  Teaming  People Development  Innovation PEOPLE  Safety-first culture  Zero accidents  Risk management (Risk-based approach) SAFETY

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