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GRM 2011: KEYNOTE ADDRESS-2: Integrated Breeding -- Impact and challenges for crop productivity in Africa

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GRM 2011: KEYNOTE ADDRESS-2: Integrated Breeding -- Impact and challenges for crop productivity in Africa

  1. 1. Integrated Breeding: Impact andchallenges on crop productivity in Africanpoor farmers fieldsJames G. GethiKARI KatumaniP.O. Box 340-90100Machakos, KenyaTel. +254 202413436Email: jgethi@wananchi.com
  2. 2. What is integrated breeding?Conventional BiotechnologyBioinformaticsTransgenicsMolecularbreedingProducts to end Users
  3. 3. Sub Saharan Africa• Land sizes• Many crops• Rain fed agriculture• Large population growth ratesCharacteristicsConsequences• Under investment in agriculture• Access to technology hampered• Over regulation• Lack of facilities• Food insecurity and Poverty
  4. 4. What do the farmers in SSA reallyneed?• Improved crop varieties that address theirneeds, in the shortest time possible, withminimal cost• Support from their service providers indiagnostics for diseases
  5. 5. How can molecular tools assist?Marker basedselectionMarker AssistedselectionMarker AssistedBackcrossingMarker AssistedBackcrossingMarker AssistedRecurrent selectionGenome wideselectionCrop improvement
  6. 6. Molecular tools…•Diversity studies•Quality control in seed production•Cultivar identity and characterizationby regulators (DUS & VCU)•Disease diagnostics
  7. 7. Molecular tools…http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GloFish.jpgTransgenic technologies• Drought• Disease• Nitrogen Use Efficiency• Food Quality
  8. 8. Bioinformatics
  9. 9. Challenges•Drought•Soil fertility•Diseases•Food quality•Food Safety•Capacity•$$$•Personnel
  10. 10. Challenges beyond our control• Communicationsand connectivity• PoliciesPhoto: Dibanzilua Nginamau, Angola
  11. 11. Thank you!Asante!Obrigado!Tatenda!Siyabonga!

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