Animal Farm Fairy Story


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Animal Farm Fairy Story

  1. 1. Fairy Tales, Parables, Fables & Allegories
  2. 2. <ul><li>We are getting ready to read Animal Farm by George Orwell. Yesterday/last night you read about Orwell in his bio. </li></ul><ul><li>Now you have the book in front of you. You will notice that it is subtitled a “fairy story.” </li></ul><ul><li>What does that mean? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>A “Fairy Story” is the same thing as a fairy tale. </li></ul><ul><li>Can you name any fairy tales you know? Turn to your neighbor and take one minute to discuss. Write down as many as you can. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The fairy story, or fairy tale, is a type of folk literature found all over the world. It involves a highly imaginative narrative told in a simple manner easily understood and enjoyed even by children. While they do not have a moral, fairy tales instruct by placing their characters in situations that they have to overcome; children who hear the tales can imagine what they would do in a similar situation. Fairy tales, also, often involve animals that can talk. Orwell gave his work the subtitle &quot;A Fairy Story.&quot; The reader can surmise that the story told in Animal Farm is universal, with implications for every culture or country, and that it will be easily understood. Using &quot;fairy story&quot; to describe his novel is another bit of irony, because the political story behind the tale is far from the light entertainment the term implies. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Massachusetts English Language Arts Curriculum Frameworks, however, describe a fairy tale as “A story written for, or told to, children that includes elements of magic and magical folk such as fairies, elves or goblins. (110) </li></ul><ul><li>Which as you will see doesn’t really sound like it would apply to Animal Farm . </li></ul>Massachusetts English Language Arts Framework June, 2001
  6. 6. <ul><li>In common parlance, a parable is a story or short narrative designed to reveal allegorically some religious principle, moral lesson, psychological reality, or general truth. Rather than using abstract discussion, a parable always teaches by comparison with real or literal occurrences--especially &quot;homey&quot; everyday occurrences a wide number of people can relate to. </li></ul><ul><li>Well-known examples of parables include those found in the synoptic Gospels, such as &quot;The Prodigal Son&quot; and &quot;The Good Samaritan.&quot; In some Gospel versions, the parables are announced with the phrase, &quot;The Kingdom of God is like . . . .&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Technically speaking, biblical &quot;parables&quot; were originally examples of a Hebrew genre called meshalim (singular mashal), a word lacking a counter-part in Greek, Latin or English. Meshalim in Hebrew refer to &quot;mysterious speech,&quot; i.e., spiritual riddles or enigmas the speaker couches in story-form. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>A Fable is a short, simple story that teaches a lesson. A fable usually includes animals that talk and act like people (Massachusetts English Language Arts Framework 110). </li></ul><ul><li>Hmmm, this sound more like Animal Farm . </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever heard of Aesop’s Fables ? </li></ul>Massachusetts English Language Arts Framework June, 2001
  8. 11. <ul><li>What did these fables have in common? </li></ul><ul><li>Take one minute to think of (and write down) all the commonalities among these three stories. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>An allegory involves using many interconnected symbols or allegorical figures in such as way that in nearly every element of the narrative has a meaning beyond the literal level, i.e., everything in the narrative is a symbol that relates to other symbols within the story. </li></ul><ul><li>The allegorical story, poem, or play can be read either literally or as a symbolic statement about a political, spiritual, or psychological truth. </li></ul><ul><li>The word allegory derives from the Greek allegoria (&quot;speaking otherwise&quot;): The term loosely describes any story in verse or prose that has a double meaning. This narrative acts as an extended metaphor in which the plot or events reveal a meaning beyond what occurs in the text, creating a moral, spiritual, or even political meaning. The act of interpreting a story as if each object in it had an allegorical meaning is called allegoresis. </li></ul>
  10. 13. <ul><li>Is Animal Farm a Parable? A fable? A Fairy Tale? An Allegory? </li></ul><ul><li>After reading the story we must ask ourselves these same questions. How do you define this story? </li></ul>