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Animal Farm Revolution Background

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Animal Farm Revolution Background

  1. 1. Animal Farm Historical Background The Russian Revolution
  2. 2. Russian Society <ul><li>Russia was in an appalling state of poverty while the Czar, the ruler of Russia lived in luxury. </li></ul><ul><li>There was tremendous dissatisfaction among the people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Czar Nicholas II <ul><li>A poor leader, at best, when compared to western leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Cruel - sometimes brutal with opponents </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes kind - hired poor students as spies to help them make money </li></ul>
  4. 4. Czar Nicholas II <ul><li>Believed he was the unquestionable leader of Russia appointed by God </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered unarmed protesters murdered in the streets in 1905 </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Karl Marx: </li></ul><ul><li>The Father of Communism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Karl Marx <ul><li>Invented Communism </li></ul><ul><li>His vision– Everyone would have what they needed, and no one citizen would possess more than another. </li></ul><ul><li>1848– Published an influential pamphlet called the Communist Manifesto </li></ul>
  7. 7. Karl Marx <ul><li>believed that the private ownership of land must be abolished </li></ul><ul><li>believed in “Communal” way of life where everyone shares in prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Dies before Russian Revolution </li></ul>
  8. 8. Communism <ul><li>All people are seen as equal. </li></ul><ul><li>Government owns everything-people own government </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vladimir Lenin <ul><li>Lenin adopted Marx’s ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed that the bourgeoisie (middle class with money) exploited the workers and must therefore be overthrown. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vladimir Lenin: Rise to Power <ul><li>One of the leaders of the Bolshevik party since its formation in 1903 </li></ul><ul><li>Led the Soviets to power in October, 1917 (The October Revolution) </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to manipulate all movement and communication within the country by taking control of the railroads and telegraph lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(This would secure state authority for the Bolsheviks.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forbade the holding of private property </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vladimir Lenin <ul><li>Understands the emotional impact of simple, powerful slogans: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Workers of the world unite!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Land, bread, and peace for everyone!” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vladimir Lenin <ul><li>Changes Russia’s name to the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) </li></ul><ul><li>When Lenin died, there was a power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Leon Trotsky <ul><li>Pure communist, followed Marx </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to improve life for all in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Favors world revolution </li></ul>
  14. 14. Leon Trotsky <ul><li>Trotsky was a brilliant public speaker </li></ul><ul><li>With Lenin, he succeeded in overthrowing the government in October 1917. </li></ul><ul><li>Lenin was the President, and Trotsky the Commissar for Foreign Affairs </li></ul>
  15. 15. Joseph Stalin <ul><li>Not a skilled speaker and not educated like Trotsky </li></ul><ul><li>Does not follow Marx’s ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Cares for power, kills all who oppose him </li></ul><ul><li>Uses KGB, allows church, and propagandized </li></ul>
  16. 16. Propaganda Department of Stalin’s government <ul><li>Work for Stalin to support his image </li></ul><ul><li>Lies to convince the people to follow Stalin </li></ul>
  17. 17. Joseph Stalin <ul><li>Stalin continually opposes Trotsky </li></ul><ul><li>Craves power, willing to kill for it </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits from the fact that education is controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Secures his power base, and engineers the permanent exile of his adversary, Trotsky, in 1929 </li></ul>
  18. 18. KGB -Secret Police <ul><li>Not really police, but forced to support Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Used force, often killed entire families for disobedience </li></ul><ul><li>Totally loyal, part of Lenin’s power, even over army </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, they chase Trotsky away </li></ul>
  19. 19. Civil War <ul><li>From 1918 –1921 there was civil war in Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign countries including Britain, France, Poland and USA were alarmed at the spread of communism but the Red Army (the Bolsheviks) led by Trotsky proved successful </li></ul>

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