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Sach sentence completion

The Sacks Sentence Completion test was administered for self-concept, interpersonal relation and family environment.

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Sach sentence completion

  1. 1. Sach Sentence Completion Test Reported by: Iris Frani BSE VE
  2. 2. What is Projective Techniques?  Based on the phenomenon of projection.  “Belief is to believe in something that is intangible and invisible.” (Napoleon Bonaparte )  Unstructured tests used for personality assessment that rely on the subject's interpretation of ambiguous stimuli.  Involve asking subjects to interpret or fill in visual stimuli, complete sentences, or report what associations particular words bring to mind.
  3. 3. Theoretical Foundations  Uncover feelings, beliefs, attitudes and motivation which many consumers find difficult to articulate.  Discover the person’s characteristic modes of perceiving his or her world and how to behave in it  Enter the private worlds of subjects to uncover their inner perspectives in a way they feel comfortable with
  4. 4. Practical Approach of Projective Techniques  A way of transcending communication barriers. • Not always share their innermost feelings. • Unaware of their underlying motives, aspirations, values and attitudes • Fear being considered irrational or stupid • Reluctant to admit to certain types of behavior
  5. 5. • Instead of questioning them directly,  In talking about a third party or an object, the subjects project their covert feelings to the third party or object:  Low literate consumers  Children, adolescents  Impulsive/compulsive/addictive buyers  People in the face of catastrophe  Gay and lesbian consumers
  6. 6. Advantages (+) 1. The amount, richness and accuracy of the information. 2. A view of the overall functioning of individuals. 3. “Breaking the Ice” in a focus-group discussion.
  7. 7. Disadvantages (-) 1.The complexity of the data and the corresponding skills 2.Expensive to administer 3.Sampling & Generalization 4.The reliability of measures
  8. 8. BACKGROUND OF THE AUTHOR Dr. Joseph M. Sacks and other psychologist of the New York Veterans Administrative Mental Hygiene Service developed a sentence completion test designed to obtain significant clinical material in four representative areas of adjustment.
  9. 9. Description of the Scale  The Sacks Sentence Completion test was administered for self-concept, interpersonal relation and family environment.  It provide respondents with beginnings of sentences, referred to as “stems,” and respondents then complete the sentences in ways that are meaningful to them.  It has felt that items included in this test present sufficient opportunities for the subject to express his attitudes so that clinical psychologist may infer his dominant personality traits or trends.
  10. 10. DESCRIPTION OF THE SCALE It is a sixty (60) item-test, in the following group of variables: 1. SCALE FAMILY: The family area included three sets of attitudes namely: a) those towards mother, b) father, c) family unit.
  11. 11. DESCRIPTION OF THE SCALE 2. The Sex Area The sex area includes attitude towards woman and heterosexual relationship.
  12. 12. DESCRIPTION OF THE SCALE 3. INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIP The area of interpersonal relationship includes attitudes towards friends and acquaintances, colleagues at work or school, superior at work or school, and people supervised.
  13. 13. DESCRIPTION OF THE SCALE 4. SELF-CONCEPT: The area of self-concept includes fear, guilt feelings, goals and attitudes towards one’s own ability, concept of himself as he is, he was and as he hopes to be.
  14. 14. USAGE OF THE TEST The uses of sach sentences completion test include personality analysis, clinical application, attitude assessment, achievement motivation and measurement of other constructs. They are used in several disciplines, including psychology, management, education, and marketing.
  15. 15. Validity and Reliability Usually, sentence completion tests can be interpreted in two different ways: subjective-intuitive analysis of the underlying motivations projected in the subject's responses objective analysis by means of scores assigned to each completed sentence. Multiple themes can occur in a short test, which gives the examinee multiple opportunities to reveal underlying motivations about each topic during data analysis.
  16. 16. Validity and Reliability It usually include some formal coding procedure or manual. The validity of each sentence completion test must be determined independently. The validity of the rating is dependent of course upon the clinical background of the examiner as well as the materials produced by the subject.
  17. 17. A rating is made of the subject’s degree of disturbance in this area according to the following scale: 2 - SEVERELY DISTURBED Appears to require the therapeutic aid in handling emotional conflicts in this area. 1 – MILDLY DISTURBED Has emotional conflict in this area but appears able to handle them without therapeutic aid. 0 – No Significant disturbance rated in this area X – Unknown, Insufficient evidence
  18. 18. • The following are the summaries and ratings of the individual attitudes and outlines presented for a general summary of the SSCT findings. This includes the following: 1. Statement of those areas in which subject shows the most disturbed attitudes. This may provide significant clues for therapist. 2. A description of the interrelationships between attitudes with respect to content. This often illuminates dynamic factors in the case.
  19. 19. Certain influences on the subject’s personality structure case be made on the basis of the SSCT, such as: 1. The subject’s manner of response to impulse from within or to stimuli from the environment. 2. The subject’s nature of response to stress – impulsive or well-controlled. 3. The subject’s thinking content: realistic, artistic, and fantastic.
  20. 20. References: Techniques.html#ixzz3gy6afUeW nature.html