What is your worst habit?
A. Drinking or smoking
B. Eating fast food
C. Gambling
D. Biting Your Nails
E. Other
Underline the independent clause(s)
and put brackets around the
dependent clause(s)
Jill swam to the shore
because Ben dared her.
Taylor wanted a dog, so
she went to the pound.
Because he needed a quiet place,
Frank went to the library.
Before he typed his essay, Bill
went to the store.
Someone should clean up the
counter after he eats.
A dependent clause may also begin with one of
these words, called relative pronouns:
that who
what whoever
whatever whom
w...
A subordinate clause that begins with a relative
pronoun is often called a relative clause.
Any soldier who passes the obs...
 Check that the word group has a subject and a
verb.
 Check that the word group begins with a
relative pronoun such as t...
Click in when you are finished!
A.Janice is the only student
B.who talked to the
professor on the first day
of class
A.Ogbert is one of those
people
B.who work at night and
sleep all day
A.I worry about students
B.whose extracurricular
activities interfere with
their studies
A.Whoever ate Asher’s
sandwich
B. Whoever ate Asher’s
sandwich should fix him
another one
A.I recommend you buy
the vehicle
B.that has the least impact
on the environment
A.Jolene is the only student
B.whose research paper
received an A
A.Whoever comes home last
B.Whoever comes home last
needs to let the cat out
A.Frankie is the only
boyfriend
B.who ever gave me a
bouquet of roses
A.Miss Sweden is the only
contestant
B. who played the accordion
in the talent contest
A.The students will receive
a prize
B.who have done their
homework
Underline the independent clause(s)
and put brackets around the
dependent clause(s)
When we go to the store,
we should get dog food.
Because he missed the training,
Steven will not be able to
participate in the activity
unless he goes to the make-up
sessi...
Matthew and Loretta,
who skateboard in the street,
are especially noisy in the early
evening.
Whoever let the dog into the house
should clean up his mess.
Colin swam in the ocean, but
Sharon preferred to bathe in the
sun on the beach.
(or How Do I Stop Myself
From Plagiarizing?)
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, access...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good piece of
writing...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good piece of
writing...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good piece of
writing...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, access...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing is the art of taking
information or an idea or ideas
that other people have writt...
1. So what is
paraphrasing?
Paraphrasing is the art of taking
information or an idea or ideas
that other people have writt...
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good
piece of writing?
Adapted from the PowerPoin...
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good
piece of writing?
A completely fair question...
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good
piece of writing?
A completely fair question...
2. Why should we
rewrite something
when we have
someone else's
perfectly good
piece of writing?
However, to get employment...
3. Is paraphrasing
just changing a
couple of words?
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch...
3. Is paraphrasing
just changing a
couple of words?
Paraphrasing is much, much
more than changing a few key
words.
Adapted...
3. Is paraphrasing
just changing a
couple of words?
Paraphrasing is much, much
more than changing a few key
words.
Paraphr...
3. Is paraphrasing
just changing a
couple of words?
Paraphrasing is much, much
more than changing a few key
words.
Paraphr...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welc...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
4. How do I
paraphrase and is
it difficult to
learn?
Paraphrasing isn't the easiest
skill in academic writing, but it
is e...
The following exercises are in themselves not
paraphrasing, but taken as a whole or using all 3
together is the beginnings...
Some words cannot be changed when you are
paraphrasing. "The internet," for example, cannot
be changed to "computer contro...
VOCABULARY
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
Adapted from the PowerPoint prese...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
1. Many well known
multinational companies a...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
1. Many well known
multinational companies a...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
1. Many well known
multinational companies a...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
2. International cooperation is
needed to pu...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
2. International cooperation is
needed to pu...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
3. Computer games take up too
much time of m...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
replace one or
two words with
synonyms.
3. Computer games take up too
much time of m...
WORD FORM
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then r...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
In these
sentences, you
are aiming to
change the word
form of one or
two of the words
in the sentence
and then rewrite
the...
SENTENCE
STRUCTURE
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
Adapted from the PowerP...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
1. Toyotas are made in Japan.
2. It is ill...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
1. Toyotas are made in Japan.
SENTENCE
STR...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
1. Toyotas are made in Japan.
They make To...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
2. It is illegal to sell heroin in
Austral...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
2. It is illegal to sell heroin in
Austral...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
3. A lot of people don't know
the effect o...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
3. A lot of people don't know
the effect o...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
4. People would buy fewer
goods if they we...
In these sentences
change the
sentence
structure, but
don't change the
meaning.
4. People would buy fewer
goods if they we...
WORD LEVEL
In these exercises you have to rewrite the
sentences.
Often quite a few words can be replaced with
just one or ...
1. Some employees have to work long hours in hot,
overcrowded conditions for low pay.
2. Computers can process information...
1. Some employees have to work long hours in
hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay.
Adapted from the PowerPoint presenta...
1. Some employees have to work long hours in
hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay.
Some workers are exploited.
Adapted ...
2. Computers can process information quicker
and with less mistakes than people.
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation ...
2. Computers can process information quicker
and with less mistakes than people.
Computers are more efficient than people....
3. The process of large numbers of people
moving from the countryside into cities
means that the amount of housing, roadin...
3. The process of large numbers of people
moving from the countryside into cities
means that the amount of housing, roadin...
4. People attend higher learning institutions so
that they gain lots of knowledge about a
wide range of subjects and to ge...
4. People attend higher learning institutions so
that they gain lots of knowledge about a
wide range of subjects and to ge...
Now try to rewrite these 3 sentences using your own
words – try to use all the paraphrasing techniques you
have been pract...
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, vi...
• take sentences, paragraphs or short sections
from a textbook and rewrite them in your own
words
• look back at some of y...
Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, vi...
Look at this paragraph
Paraphrase it as a class
Researchers have learned that cues can be
almost anything, from a visual trigger such
as a candy bar or a television comme...
A. Review of Clauses
B. Relative Clauses
C. How to Paraphrase
A. Review of Clauses
B. Relative Clauses
C. How to Paraphrase
Remember to post to the discussion by
Thursday and respond to at least two students
by Sunday
Due Monday:
 Choose two par...
Meet in Computer Commons A
after the break. There will be a
sign-in sheet and I will remove it
when the break is over.
 With a partner, select a different
paragraph from Chapter 1 of The
Power of Habit
 Paraphrase the paragraph using
the t...
To integrate a paraphrase properly within a
paragraph, a good writer usually has
(1) At least one sentence to introduce th...
Top piece of
bread: at least
one sentence
to introduce
the
paraphrase
Meat:
paraphrase with
proper
documentation
Bottom pi...
Begin with a topic sentence that gives
the reader a sense of what the single
main idea of the paragraph will be.
This sent...
This is the part of your paragraph
where you support your topic
sentence by including a specific point
taken from the “pro...
You want to explain your topic sentence and
its connection to the evidence. You want to
include your analysis here. Why di...
Statement:
I used to believe that if a particular subject
was difficult for me that I was just not
gifted with intelligenc...
Evidence:
According to Carol Dweck, students with a
fixed mindset believe that people are
naturally smart in certain subje...
Explanation:
I tell people that I am bad at math, but I am working on
changing that attitude to a more realistic self-view...
I used to believe that if a particular subject was difficult for me that
I was just not gifted with intelligence in that a...
 Look at the paraphrase we did as a
class
 How might we use that paraphrase to
make a point?
 Write an introductory sen...
 Look at the paraphrase you did as partners
 How might you use that paraphrase to
make a point?
 Write an introductory ...
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September 25

  1. 1. What is your worst habit? A. Drinking or smoking B. Eating fast food C. Gambling D. Biting Your Nails E. Other
  2. 2. Underline the independent clause(s) and put brackets around the dependent clause(s)
  3. 3. Jill swam to the shore because Ben dared her.
  4. 4. Taylor wanted a dog, so she went to the pound.
  5. 5. Because he needed a quiet place, Frank went to the library.
  6. 6. Before he typed his essay, Bill went to the store.
  7. 7. Someone should clean up the counter after he eats.
  8. 8. A dependent clause may also begin with one of these words, called relative pronouns: that who what whoever whatever whom which whomever whichever whose
  9. 9. A subordinate clause that begins with a relative pronoun is often called a relative clause. Any soldier who passes the obstacle course will be allowed to leave. Private Mejia, who passed the obstacle course, was allowed to leave. Whoever cooked the food should be thanked.
  10. 10.  Check that the word group has a subject and a verb.  Check that the word group begins with a relative pronoun such as that, who, what, which, whoever, or whichever.  Check that the word group cannot stand alone as a sentence.
  11. 11. Click in when you are finished!
  12. 12. A.Janice is the only student B.who talked to the professor on the first day of class
  13. 13. A.Ogbert is one of those people B.who work at night and sleep all day
  14. 14. A.I worry about students B.whose extracurricular activities interfere with their studies
  15. 15. A.Whoever ate Asher’s sandwich B. Whoever ate Asher’s sandwich should fix him another one
  16. 16. A.I recommend you buy the vehicle B.that has the least impact on the environment
  17. 17. A.Jolene is the only student B.whose research paper received an A
  18. 18. A.Whoever comes home last B.Whoever comes home last needs to let the cat out
  19. 19. A.Frankie is the only boyfriend B.who ever gave me a bouquet of roses
  20. 20. A.Miss Sweden is the only contestant B. who played the accordion in the talent contest
  21. 21. A.The students will receive a prize B.who have done their homework
  22. 22. Underline the independent clause(s) and put brackets around the dependent clause(s)
  23. 23. When we go to the store, we should get dog food.
  24. 24. Because he missed the training, Steven will not be able to participate in the activity unless he goes to the make-up session on Thursday.
  25. 25. Matthew and Loretta, who skateboard in the street, are especially noisy in the early evening.
  26. 26. Whoever let the dog into the house should clean up his mess.
  27. 27. Colin swam in the ocean, but Sharon preferred to bathe in the sun on the beach.
  28. 28. (or How Do I Stop Myself From Plagiarizing?) Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  29. 29. 1. So what is paraphrasing? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  30. 30. 1. So what is paraphrasing? 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  31. 31. 1. So what is paraphrasing? 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  32. 32. 1. So what is paraphrasing? 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  33. 33. 1. So what is paraphrasing? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  34. 34. 1. So what is paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is the art of taking information or an idea or ideas that other people have written about and expressing it or them in your own words. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  35. 35. 1. So what is paraphrasing? Paraphrasing is the art of taking information or an idea or ideas that other people have written about and expressing it or them in your own words. Being able to express something clearly and concisely yourself, using your own words, is not only a clear example of your ability to write, but also gives you as a writer a great deal of satisfaction. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  36. 36. 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  37. 37. 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? A completely fair question, but you are university students and the whole point of being at an institution of higher learning is to be educated and surely to be able to demonstrate to employers, your peers, parents and to yourselves, that you are an educated, capable person. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  38. 38. 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? A completely fair question, but you are university students and the whole point of being at an institution of higher learning is to be educated and surely to be able to demonstrate to employers, your peers, parents and to yourselves, that you are an educated, capable person. Simply copying the ideas of others demonstrates that you will be good at taking orders, good at replicating what has happened before… and would be a most successful worker at KFC. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  39. 39. 2. Why should we rewrite something when we have someone else's perfectly good piece of writing? However, to get employment in a position that leads somewhere, that gets respect and that provides personal satisfaction (one of the job requirements that is most overlooked but also most important) you really need to be innovative and able to express yourself in interesting and original ways. So, you need to paraphrase so you will get both short and long term benefits from learning how to do something by and for yourself. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  40. 40. 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  41. 41. 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? Paraphrasing is much, much more than changing a few key words. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  42. 42. 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? Paraphrasing is much, much more than changing a few key words. Paraphrasing is about you taking ideas and writing about them yourself. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  43. 43. 3. Is paraphrasing just changing a couple of words? Paraphrasing is much, much more than changing a few key words. Paraphrasing is about you taking ideas and writing about them yourself. It involves reading and understanding a text or texts, or listening to other people and being able convey the ideas or information that they have put forward using your own words. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  44. 44. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  45. 45. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  46. 46. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  47. 47. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: •read and understand Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  48. 48. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: •read and understand •have a wide knowledge of synonyms and word choice Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  49. 49. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: •read and understand •have a wide knowledge of synonyms and word choice •be comfortable with the use of different word forms Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  50. 50. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: •read and understand •have a wide knowledge of synonyms and word choice •be comfortable with the use of different word forms •be able to re-order and re- structure sentences Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  51. 51. 4. How do I paraphrase and is it difficult to learn? Paraphrasing isn't the easiest skill in academic writing, but it is essential and it becomes much easier with practice. To paraphrase you need to: •read and understand •have a wide knowledge of synonyms and word choice •be comfortable with the use of different word forms •be able to re-order and re- structure sentences •be concise Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  52. 52. The following exercises are in themselves not paraphrasing, but taken as a whole or using all 3 together is the beginnings of being able to paraphrase. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  53. 53. Some words cannot be changed when you are paraphrasing. "The internet," for example, cannot be changed to "computer controlled pc to pc communication and information interface" nor can "Nottingham University" be changed to "the institution of higher learning located in Nottingham" The following exercises are in themselves not paraphrasing, but taken as a whole or using all three together are the beginnings of being able to paraphrase. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  54. 54. VOCABULARY In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  55. 55. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 1. Many well known multinational companies are located in New York. 2. International cooperation is needed to put a stop to world poverty. 3. Computer games take up too much time of many students. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  56. 56. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 1. Many well known multinational companies are located in New York. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  57. 57. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 1. Many well known multinational companies are located in New York. Many famous multinational companies are situated in New York. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  58. 58. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 2. International cooperation is needed to put a stop to world poverty. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  59. 59. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 2. International cooperation is needed to put a stop to world poverty. International cooperation is necessary to put a stop to global poverty. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  60. 60. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 3. Computer games take up too much time of many students. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  61. 61. In these sentences, you are aiming to replace one or two words with synonyms. 3. Computer games take up too much time of many students. Computer games waste too much time of many pupils. VOCABULARY Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  62. 62. WORD FORM In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words.Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  63. 63. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 1. It is not easy to manage a football team. 2. You are required to complete your coursework essay before the end of the semester. 3. There are many dangers when travelling in Central America. 4. Being poor often results in a greater chance of malnutrition and disease. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  64. 64. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 1. It is not easy to manage a football team. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  65. 65. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 1. It is not easy to manage a football team. The management of a football team is not easy. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  66. 66. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 2. You are required to complete your coursework essay before the end of the semester. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  67. 67. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 2. You are required to complete your coursework essay before the end of the semester. The completion of your coursework essay is required before the end of the semester. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  68. 68. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 3. There are many dangers when travelling in Central America. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  69. 69. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 3. There are many dangers when travelling in Central America. It is dangerous when travelling in Central America. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  70. 70. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 4. Being poor often results in a greater chance of malnutrition and disease. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  71. 71. In these sentences, you are aiming to change the word form of one or two of the words in the sentence and then rewrite the sentence. You do not need to use synonyms of those words. 4. Being poor often results in a greater chance of malnutrition and disease. A greater chance of malnutrition and disease often results from poverty. WORD FORM Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  72. 72. SENTENCE STRUCTURE In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  73. 73. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 1. Toyotas are made in Japan. 2. It is illegal to sell heroin in Australia. 3. A lot of people don't know the effect of antibiotics. 4. People would buy fewer goods if they were shown less advertising. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  74. 74. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 1. Toyotas are made in Japan. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  75. 75. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 1. Toyotas are made in Japan. They make Toyotas in Japan. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  76. 76. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 2. It is illegal to sell heroin in Australia. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  77. 77. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 2. It is illegal to sell heroin in Australia. Selling heroin in Australia is illegal. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  78. 78. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 3. A lot of people don't know the effect of antibiotics. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  79. 79. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 3. A lot of people don't know the effect of antibiotics. The effects of antibiotics are not known by a lot of people. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  80. 80. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 4. People would buy fewer goods if they were shown less advertising. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  81. 81. In these sentences change the sentence structure, but don't change the meaning. 4. People would buy fewer goods if they were shown less advertising. If people were shown less advertising they would buy fewer goods. SENTENCE STRUCTUR E Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  82. 82. WORD LEVEL In these exercises you have to rewrite the sentences. Often quite a few words can be replaced with just one or two words that accurately express the main idea(s) of the sentence. (This is one of the key parts of paraphrasing – rewriting and using as few words as possible. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  83. 83. 1. Some employees have to work long hours in hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay. 2. Computers can process information quicker and with less mistakes than people. 3. The process of large numbers of people moving from the countryside into cities means that the amount of housing, roading, schools, hospitals, electricity, water and sewerage, for example, has to improve. 4. People attend higher learning institutions so that they gain lots of knowledge about a wide range of subjects and to get diplomas and bachelors, masters and doctorate degrees. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  84. 84. 1. Some employees have to work long hours in hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  85. 85. 1. Some employees have to work long hours in hot, overcrowded conditions for low pay. Some workers are exploited. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  86. 86. 2. Computers can process information quicker and with less mistakes than people. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  87. 87. 2. Computers can process information quicker and with less mistakes than people. Computers are more efficient than people. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  88. 88. 3. The process of large numbers of people moving from the countryside into cities means that the amount of housing, roading, schools, hospitals, electricity, water and sewerage, for example, has to improve. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  89. 89. 3. The process of large numbers of people moving from the countryside into cities means that the amount of housing, roading, schools, hospitals, electricity, water and sewerage, for example, has to improve. Increased urbanisation requires improved infrastructure. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  90. 90. 4. People attend higher learning institutions so that they gain lots of knowledge about a wide range of subjects and to get diplomas and bachelors, masters and doctorate degrees. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  91. 91. 4. People attend higher learning institutions so that they gain lots of knowledge about a wide range of subjects and to get diplomas and bachelors, masters and doctorate degrees. People go to tertiary institutions to get educated and gain qualifications. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  92. 92. Now try to rewrite these 3 sentences using your own words – try to use all the paraphrasing techniques you have been practicing. 1. Globally, businesses, national and local governments, and property owners have begun to retrofit millions of older buildings in a bid to cut down on energy use and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 2. Firefighters have spent Friday afternoon and evening trying to contain the front of a fire that is threatening communities in Western Australia's south-west. 3. A fifth of universities in England have made last- minute cuts to the tuition fees they will charge students next year, triggering potential chaos for hundreds of thousands of applicants. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  93. 93. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  94. 94. • take sentences, paragraphs or short sections from a textbook and rewrite them in your own words • look back at some of your own essays or those of your classmates and rewrite sections of them • take short extracts from novels, magazines, websites or any other written material and paraphrase them Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  95. 95. Adapted from the PowerPoint presentation “Paraphrasing” by Peter Welch on Dec 02, 2011, accessed on September 24, 2013, via Slideshare.net.
  96. 96. Look at this paragraph Paraphrase it as a class
  97. 97. Researchers have learned that cues can be almost anything, from a visual trigger such as a candy bar or a television commercial to a certain place, a time of day, an emotion, a sequence of thoughts, or the company of particular people. Routines can be incredibly complex or fantastically simple (some habits, such as those related to emotions, are measured in milliseconds). Rewards can range from food or drugs that cause physical sensations, to emotional payoffs, such as the feelings of pride that accompany praise or self-congratulation.
  98. 98. A. Review of Clauses B. Relative Clauses C. How to Paraphrase
  99. 99. A. Review of Clauses B. Relative Clauses C. How to Paraphrase
  100. 100. Remember to post to the discussion by Thursday and respond to at least two students by Sunday Due Monday:  Choose two paragraphs from The Power of Habit where Duhigg makes an interesting point.  Write a paraphrase for each paragraph.  You should have two paraphrases!
  101. 101. Meet in Computer Commons A after the break. There will be a sign-in sheet and I will remove it when the break is over.
  102. 102.  With a partner, select a different paragraph from Chapter 1 of The Power of Habit  Paraphrase the paragraph using the techniques we just worked on
  103. 103. To integrate a paraphrase properly within a paragraph, a good writer usually has (1) At least one sentence to introduce the paraphrase, (2) the paraphrase itself, and (3) at least one sentence to comment on the paraphrase.
  104. 104. Top piece of bread: at least one sentence to introduce the paraphrase Meat: paraphrase with proper documentation Bottom piece of bread: at least one sentence to explain, comment on, or provide an example of the paraphrase (usually the majority of the paragraph)
  105. 105. Begin with a topic sentence that gives the reader a sense of what the single main idea of the paragraph will be. This sentence should be one of the “supporting reasons” for your thesis statement. It should have opinion!
  106. 106. This is the part of your paragraph where you support your topic sentence by including a specific point taken from the “proof text” (the essay, article, book, everyday life, etc. you are writing about or analyzing). The evidence is a paraphrase or quotation.
  107. 107. You want to explain your topic sentence and its connection to the evidence. You want to include your analysis here. Why did you include the quotation or paraphrase? What do you want to say about it? You should include specific examples to illustrate your points (these examples should come from you, not the source), but be sure to show how your examples connect to your statement (topic sentence). This section should comprise the majority of the paragraph.
  108. 108. Statement: I used to believe that if a particular subject was difficult for me that I was just not gifted with intelligence in that area; now that I am moving toward a growth mindset, I understand that my knowledge in anything is dependent on the amount of effort I put into learning.
  109. 109. Evidence: According to Carol Dweck, students with a fixed mindset believe that people are naturally smart in certain subjects whereas those with a growth mindset understand that they are capable of understanding anything with the right amount of effort.
  110. 110. Explanation: I tell people that I am bad at math, but I am working on changing that attitude to a more realistic self-view. I earned average grades in my high school math classes, but the concepts did not come easily to me. In my college algebra class, I watched as other students breezed through tests and quizzes and I felt like I was struggling to pass. Instead of realizing that I needed to put more work into the class, I put the responsibility on others. I decided the teacher was boring. I imagined that the other students just understood the material right away. I began to miss class and skip assignments. Of course, my actions resulted in a failing grade. At the time, I was quick to shift the blame to other people and circumstances, but the truth was that I was making excuses rather than trying because I did not want to try and fail. Doing so would affirm my biggest fear: I was dumb. I have come to realize that I truly earned the F, not because of my lack of natural math skills, but because of my own lack of effort.
  111. 111. I used to believe that if a particular subject was difficult for me that I was just not gifted with intelligence in that area; now that I am moving toward a growth mindset, I understand that my knowledge in anything is dependent on the amount of effort I put into learning. According to Carol Dweck, students with a fixed mindset believe that people are naturally smart in certain subjects whereas those with a growth mindset understand that they are capable of understanding anything with the right amount of effort. I tell people that I am bad at math, but I am working on changing that attitude to a more realistic self-view. I earned average grades in my high school math classes, but the concepts did not come easily to me. In my college algebra class, I watched as other students breezed through tests and quizzes and I felt like I was struggling to pass. Instead of realizing that I needed to put more work into the class, I put the responsibility on others. I decided the teacher was boring. I imagined that the other students just understood the material right away. I began to miss class and skip assignments. Of course, my actions resulted in a failing grade. At the time, I was quick to shift the blame to other people and circumstances, but the truth was that I was making excuses rather than trying because I did not want to try and fail. Doing so would affirm my biggest fear: I was dumb. I have come to realize that I truly earned the F, not because of my lack of natural math skills, but because of my own lack of effort.
  112. 112.  Look at the paraphrase we did as a class  How might we use that paraphrase to make a point?  Write an introductory sentence  How might we respond to that paraphrase?  Write analysis/example/explanation
  113. 113.  Look at the paraphrase you did as partners  How might you use that paraphrase to make a point?  Write an introductory sentence  How might you respond to that paraphrase?  Write analysis/example/explanation  When you are finished, get your paraphrase sandwich checked off by me and you are free to go to break

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