EAPN proposals for an EU framework on Minimum Income and Proposals on Indicators
EESC Hearing28 May 2013EAPN Proposals for an EUframework on Minimum Incomeand Proposals on IndicatorsSian Jones,EAPN Policy Coordinator
Outline Who is EAPN?Why adequate minimum income is vital?Towards an EU Framework DirectiveWhat legal base?EAPN proposals on indicators
Who is EAPN? Independent EU Network of NGOs committedto fight against poverty and social exclusion,with and for people in poverty. Started in 1990 – key actor in povertyprogrammes and development of social OMC. Receives financial support from the EuropeanCommission (PROGRESS) 29 National Networks and 18 EuropeanNGOs as members. Participation of people with direct experienceof poverty must be part of the solution.
Why is Minimum Income Vital?Adequate income for a dignified life is aFundamental RightProvides the means/security/ to participate inwork and society, confidence to plan for the futureEnsures a positive hierarchy for decent wagesA key tool to eradicate poverty – now 120million people and growing (EU), MS with betterMI/SP have lower poverty rates.Operates as an automatic stabiliser – providesan essential floor for consumption/economy Key pillar of the European Social Model -foundation for a fairer, more cohesive society
Why an Adequate Minimum Income?Sufficient to lead a life in dignity and to coveressential needs fixed in line with living standards ofdifferent households,Supplementary amounts for specific needs – egchildren, housing, energy costs.EP Resolution recommends relative benchmark –at risk of poverty /60% of household income.Standard Budgets approach: eg Joseph Rowntree:establishes a weekly budget for a variety of differenttypes of families: www.minimumincomestandard.org
Why an EU Framework on MI ? Insufficient progress on adequate MI, (HU, EL,)and ratesbelow poverty level, declining coverage/generosity with austerity. Despite EU2020 target, poverty increased to 119 million (4million since 2011) EU needs to provide a level playing field to guaranteemobility/social rights/ prevent unnecessary economic migration Support from key EU institutions: EP, EESC and CoR. Social imbalances undermining sustainable recovery andinclusive growth EU needs concrete ACTION on SOCIAL STANDARDS toconfirm EU social dimension
What could an EU framework look like? An EU Framework Directive to guarantee equal access toall within the EU to an Adequate Minimum Income:- Guarantee relative minimum standard at least at povertythreshold (60% median income)–Agree common definition and criteria for adequacy–Develop common indicators–Agree principles of common methodology to developnational standards of goods and services, based onparticipative reference budget method.–Common EU monitoring framework/through Social OMC/linked to Europe 2020–Linked to Integrated Active Inclusion Approach.
EU/UN support for MI as Fundamental RightUN Declaration of Human Rights (Article 25)CoE Social Charter (Article 13)Council Recommendation 92/441/EEC – June 92 –“right to sufficient resources and social assistance tolive in a manner compatible with human dignity”2008 Commission Recommendation to promoteactive inclusion of people excluded from the labourmarketCharter of Fundamental Rights Article 34
EU Framework Directive – legal base (1)- Article 1: Human dignity is inviolable, it must be protected andrespected- Article 34/3 – Recognizes the right to social and housingassistance so as to ensure a decent existence for all those wholack sufficient resources.- New Horizontal Social Clause (Art 9 TFEU)“in defining and implementing its policies and activities, the unionshall take into account requirements linked to the promotion of ahigh level of employment, the guarantee of adequate socialprotection, the fight against social exclusion and a high level ofeducation, training, and protection of human health”- TEU Article 3/3 – EU objectives: it shall combat social exclusionand discrimination, promote social justice and protection
EU Framework Directive - legal base (II) TFEU Article 151”Union having in mind fundamental social rights….shall have as theirobjectives the promotion of employment, improved living and workingconditions, so at to make possible .. proper social protection…with aview to lasting high employment and the combating of exclusion. TFEU Article 153, h– provides a legal framework and basisfor new policy commitments by the Union in these areas TFEU Article 153 2 b EP and Council may adopt by meansof directives and minimum requirements for gradualimplementation including in the field of integration of peopleexcluded from labour market. TFEU Article 21: EU Citizenship: right to move/ reside freelyin the Union – insufficient access to social protection couldundermine this freedom (Schoukens P (2013 - Euroforum) Advantages: co-decision and qualified majority butagreeing minimum levels ( Art 153, 1c) needs unanimity.
Social Protection Floor – ILO Recommendation, 2012 Article 5, states that social protection floors shouldcomprise the following basic social security guaranteesa) Access to nationally defined goods and services… essentialhealthcare….meets criteria of availability, accessibility,acceptability and quality.b) Basic income security for children, at least to a nationallydefined minimum level, providing access to nutrition,education, care and other necessary goods and servicesc) Basic income security, at least to a nationally definedminimum level, for persons in active age who are unable toearn a sufficient income,d) Basic income security, at least to a nationally definedminimum level, for older persons.ILO Social Protection Floor
Minimum Income Framework Directive –EAPN Action EAPN Minimum Income campaignwww.adequateincome.eu 2010 EU Year against poverty – core demand of NGOcoalition : www.endpoverty.eu EAPN legal advice Framework Directive (June 2010) Adequacy of Minimum Income Explainer and leaflet EP Hearing with Greens, input into EP Report, CoE,EESC Joint work with Belgian Presidency and EU conference Peer Review on Ref budgets +Annual Convention Lobbying on follow up on MI in SIP EMIN: New Commission/EP Project coordinated by EAPN:http://emin-eu.net/
EU Framework for Minimum Income –Increasing support? EP Reports and Resolution on Active Inclusion and MinimumIncome (2008 and 2010) support adequate minimum income andimpact study by Commission on EU framework. CoR report on European Platform Against Poverty (April 2011) –supports framework directive EESC report on European Platform against poverty supports EPPosition. ETUC resolution supporting EU minimum income ( May 2011) butfalls short of supporting a directive. Peer Review on Reference Budgets for drawing up requirementsof a minimum income scheme and assessing adequacy. (Nov 2010) European Commission: As part of European Platform AgainstPoverty, now part of SIP, Active Inclusion implementation – focus ontake up and coverage, and developing common methodology onadequacy through standard budgets. European Council/Commission considering EU Social Standards.
EU 2020 Poverty Indicators – EAPNConcernsHow far do they capture poverty?Do they lead to creaming and gaming?How consistent are they with the otherEurope 2020 targets?Weak mainstreaming in Europe 2020Indicator/targets alone not enough – weneed an EU/national anti-poverty strategyHow can we ensure that macroeconomictargets/strategy enhance and do notundermine poverty target?
EU 2020 Poverty Indicators –EAPN proposals1) Consistency across EU targets require a% reduction on all 3 indicators for all MS2) Monitor yearly delivery on target, setequal CSRs on poverty , and in NR/ AGS.3) Develop an EU multidimensional strategyto fight poverty to deliver on target andrequire national strategies.4) Ensure coherence between economic andsocial objectives and governance, embedeffective ex-ante SI assessment.
Working Together for an EU Free of Poverty!For More InformationContact Sian Jones, Policy Coordinatorsian.firstname.lastname@example.org 2 226 5859Square de Meeus 18, 1050 BrusselsSee: www.eapn.eu