Windows xp unit a


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Windows xp unit a

  1. 1. Microsoft Office 2003 Illustrated Introductory Started with Windows XP Getting
  2. 2. <ul><li>Start Windows and view the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Use the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>Start a program </li></ul><ul><li>Move and resize windows </li></ul><ul><li>Use menus, keyboard shortcuts, and toolbars </li></ul>Objectives
  3. 3. <ul><li>Use dialog boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Use scroll bars </li></ul><ul><li>Use Windows Help and Support Center </li></ul><ul><li>Close a program and shut down Windows </li></ul>Objectives
  4. 4. Unit Introduction <ul><li>Microsoft Windows is an operating system program that controls: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The operation of computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The display of information on your screen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programs you run on your computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programs , also known as applications , are task-oriented software that help you to accomplish tasks such as word processing or using a spreadsheet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Windows also coordinates the flow of information among the programs, printers, storage devices, and other components </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unit Introduction (cont.) <ul><li>Windows helps you save and organize the results of your work as files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Files are electronic collections of data, each with its own unique filename </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Icons in Windows are small pictures that are meaningful symbols of the items or tasks they represent </li></ul><ul><li>You will also use rectangular-shaped work areas, known as windows </li></ul>
  6. 6. Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop <ul><li>The desktop is an on-screen version of an actual desk, containing windows, icons, files and programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the desktop, you can access, store, and share information on a computer, a network, or on the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When you start Windows for the first time, the default settings are used, which are preset by the operating system </li></ul>
  7. 7. Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop (cont.) <ul><li>Turn on your computer and monitor </li></ul><ul><li>Windows automatically starts and displays the desktop, or a logon screen where you must enter a password, then press [Enter] </li></ul>Mouse pointer Start button Desktop background Taskbar Icon
  8. 8. Starting Windows and Viewing the Desktop (cont.) <ul><li>Elements of a typical Windows desktop: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Accessing the Internet from the Desktop <ul><li>Windows XP provides a seamless connection between the desktop and the Internet with Internet Explorer (IE) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IE is an example of a browser , a program designed to access the World Wide Web (aka the Web, or WWW) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can access IE from the Start menu, or by clicking its icon on the desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can use it to access Web pages and to place Web content on the desktop </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Using the Mouse <ul><li>A mouse is a handheld input device that you roll across a flat surface to position the mouse pointer </li></ul><ul><li>Input, or pointing, devices come in many shapes and sizes </li></ul>Trackpoint Touchpad Mouse with left and right buttons Intellimouse Trackball
  11. 11. Using the Mouse (cont.) <ul><li>A typical mouse has two buttons, although yours may differ: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Left button : used to select text or click icons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right button : used to open a shortcut menu </li></ul></ul>Left mouse button Right mouse button Shortcut menu
  12. 12. Using the Mouse (cont.) <ul><li>A mouse pointer is a small symbol that indicates the pointer’s relative position on the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>To move the mouse pointer, locate it on the desktop, then move the mouse to reposition the mouse pointer where you want it </li></ul><ul><li>Basic mouse pointer shapes include: </li></ul>
  13. 13. Using the Mouse (cont.) <ul><li>Basic mouse techniques include: </li></ul>
  14. 14. Starting a Program <ul><li>Clicking the Start button on the taskbar opens the Start menu, which lists submenus for a variety of tasks: </li></ul>
  15. 15. Starting a Program (cont.) <ul><li>Windows XP comes with several built-in programs called accessories , such as WordPad </li></ul><ul><li>To Start WordPad: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Start button on the taskbar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point to All Programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Point to Accessories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click WordPad </li></ul></ul>Click to open WordPad Submenu Point to arrow to open submenu
  16. 16. Customizing the Start Menu <ul><li>You can change the way the Start menu looks and behaves, including making it have the look and feel of previous Windows versions (called Windows Classic) </li></ul><ul><li>To customize the Start menu: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Control Panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the Control Panel, click Switch to Classic View if necessary, then double-click the Taskbar and Start Menu icon </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Moving and Resizing Windows <ul><li>You can open more than one window or program at a time </li></ul><ul><li>You can identify a window by the title bar, which shows the program and filename if applicable </li></ul><ul><li>Each window has a border that you can use to resize it and buttons to maximize or minimize it </li></ul><ul><li>The desktop can get cluttered, so you need to organize it by resizing or moving windows </li></ul>
  18. 18. Moving and Resizing Windows (cont.) <ul><li>To resize a window using buttons, click the appropriate button in the upper-right corner of the window. To make it: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>An icon on the taskbar, click the Minimize button </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fill the screen, click the Maximize button </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closed, click the Close button </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Moving and Resizing Windows (cont.) <ul><li>To move a window, position the mouse pointer over the title bar, click the left mouse button, then drag the window to the new location </li></ul><ul><li>To resize a window using the mouse: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Position the pointer over an edge or a corner of the window until the pointer becomes a double-sided arrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the left mouse button, then drag in the direction you want to resize the window </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. More About Sizing Windows <ul><li>Some programs contain two sets of sizing buttons: </li></ul><ul><li>To see more than one window at a time, open the desired windows, right-click a blank area on the taskbar, then click a tiling option </li></ul>The top set controls the program The bottom set controls the file with which you are working
  21. 21. Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars <ul><li>A menu is a list of commands that you use to accomplish certain tasks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A checkmark or bullet mark indicates that a feature is enabled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To disable a checked feature, click the command again </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To disable a bulleted feature, select another command </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Typical menu items include: </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars (cont.) <ul><li>A keyboard shortcut lets you press a button or combination of buttons to perform a task or navigate through a menu or dialog box </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, press [Ctrl][C] to copy selected text in a document </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On a menu, keyboard navigation indicators , underlined letters in a command name, can be used instead of the mouse to select items </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For example, press [Alt][V] to open the View menu, then press [T] to open the Toolbars submenu </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Using Menus, Keyboard Shortcuts, and Toolbars (cont.) <ul><li>A toolbar contains buttons that are convenient shortcuts for menu commands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you position the pointer over a button, a screen tip appears displaying the button name </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To select a button, click it with the left mouse button </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Using Dialog Boxes <ul><li>A dialog box is a window that opens when you must supply more information before a command can be carried out </li></ul><ul><li>Dialog boxes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open when you choose a menu option that is followed by an ellipsis (…) or when you open an option from the Control Panel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May contain tabs at the top that separate commands into related categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be closed by clicking OK to accept all of your changes, or by clicking Cancel to not make any changes </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Using Dialog Boxes (cont.) <ul><li>A sample dialog box: </li></ul>Tab Check box Option button Text box Up and Down arrows Command buttons
  26. 26. Using Dialog Boxes (cont.) <ul><li>Typical items in a dialog box: </li></ul>
  27. 27. Using Scroll Bars <ul><li>Scroll bars are vertical and horizontal bars that appear when you cannot see all of the items available in a window </li></ul>Up scroll arrow Horizontal scroll box Down scroll arrow Vertical scroll box
  28. 28. Using Scroll Bars (cont.) <ul><li>You can use scroll bars to: </li></ul>
  29. 29. Using Windows Help and Support Center <ul><li>The Help and Support center is a complete resource of information, training, and support to help you use Windows XP </li></ul><ul><li>Help and Support is like a book stored on your computer, with additional links to the Internet, a search features, an index, and a table of contents </li></ul><ul><li>You can access context-sensitive help , which is help specifically related to the task you are doing </li></ul>
  30. 30. Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.) <ul><li>To use Help and Support: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Help and Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Help and Support Center window opens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the Search text box, type the search criteria, then press [Enter] </li></ul></ul>Search text box Links for popular topics
  31. 31. Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.) <ul><li>To use Help and Support (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A search pane opens, displaying results from the search in three areas: Suggested Topics; Full-text Search Matches; Microsoft Knowledge Base (only when connected to the Internet) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click a topic, then click the Expand indicator next to the appropriate topic in the right pane </li></ul></ul>Search results Right pane displays help on the topic you select
  32. 32. Using Windows Help and Support Center (cont.) <ul><li>Click the buttons on the Help toolbar to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navigate back and forth between Help topics you have visited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add a topic to the Favorites list so you can return to it later </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Other Forms of Help <ul><li>To get help on a specific Windows program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Help on the menu bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Help button in the upper-right corner of a dialog box, then click the mouse pointer on the item for which you need additional help </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right-click an item in a dialog box, then click What’s This? to display an explanation </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows <ul><li>Closing a program properly ensures that the file is saved </li></ul><ul><li>Shutting down the computer properly prevents loss of data and problems restarting Windows </li></ul><ul><li>Shutting down involves several steps: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Closing all open windows and programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shutting down Windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Turning off the computer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.) <ul><li>To close a program: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Close button in the upper-right corner of the window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click File on the menu bar, then click Close or Exit </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.) <ul><li>To shut down the computer: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click the Start button on the taskbar, then click Turn Off Computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the Turn Off Computer dialog box, click Turn Off to exit Windows and shut down your computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If you see the message “It’s now safe to turn off your computer,” turn off the computer and the monitor </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Closing a Program and Shutting Down Windows (cont.) <ul><li>Turn off options: </li></ul>
  38. 38. The Log Off Command <ul><li>Logging off is used when you want to change users quickly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can choose to switch users, which logs off the current user and allows another user to log on or simply log off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows shuts down partially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When a new user logs on by clicking a user name and entering a password, Windows restarts and the desktop reappears </li></ul></ul>