Building Blocks of the Private Cloud - Compute


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Building Blocks of the Private Cloud is specially brought to you by SCS Enterprise Cloud Computing & Virtualisation SIG. Speaker Mr Daniel Mar, Principal Consultant with Infront Consulting Group, is an experienced consultant with over 12 years in the IT industry. He has been specialising in server virtualization for the past 7 years where he started by deploying technologies from VMware. He also picked up Citrix virtualisation solutions and now focuses on Microsoft Virtualisation and Systems Management. He has helped many companies move from a purely physical infrastructure to a highly available virtual infrastructure and also help them deploy private cloud infrastructures.

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  • Key Points:How is the Private Cloud different?Cloud Attributes + Control and CustomizationPrivate Cloud is Cloud…dedicated to you. Talk Track: The Private Cloud has all of the same benefits and attributes as we explained before – plus you also receive a high level of customization which provides you with the control enterprises need to address regulatory privacy and compliance requirements that wouldn’t be possible with Public Cloud services. These attributes aren’t necessarily due to proximity, the public / private distinction is not about location, we are only talking about computing models… but from globally shared resources with a public cloud to dedicated resources. A private cloud is a cloud, dedicated to you.
  • ESX – Electric Sky – Didn’t sound technical enough so someone added the X.GSX – Ground Storm
  • 390 Guest OS support for VMware ESXi 5.0 18 x Windows based OS support – includes client OS26 x UNIX Based Server OS102 x Linux Based Server OS42 x BSD – Mac OX
  • Notes – Citrix and Vmware – VM windows templates will run through a Mini-setup after template creation
  • Show P2V toolsXenConvertVMM P2VVmware Converter
  • Citrix licensing - licensing - – 2 years SAVMware licensing - – 2 years Talk about other scenarios hereOption 1: XenServer comes in 4 editions – FREE, Advanced, Enterprise and Platinum – if Enterprise was used then Total cost would be less than MicrosoftOption 2: If we scale up our hosts from 196GB RAM to say 256GB RAM then costs would change for VMware and an addition vSphere Enterprise Plus license would be required for each host adding another $52,430 to the cost while other vendor pricing remains the same.Take 10 node cluster – running 10:1 consolidation ratio on 2 socket -64GB RAM server. All VMs are 80% windows and 20% Linux-Hyper-V Datacenter EditionXenServer 6.0 Enterprise EditionVMware vSphere 5.0 Enterprise Edition
  • Objective:Microsoft has been in the systems management space for several years and System Center has evolved and the capabilities and products have grown into the new System Center 2012 collection. With the collection of products and features in System Center 2012, it is built for the future and ready right now.
  • VMware ESX managed through VMware vCenter ServerCitrix XenServer managed host directly. No dependency on XenCenterBoth - Add host and clusters into any host groupManagement of all hypervisors in your datacentersWith XenServer and VMware there is more choices for Linux guestsVMM features such as get applied to XenServer
  • Building Blocks of the Private Cloud - Compute

    1. 1. The Building Blocks of thePrivate CloudPart 1 - ComputeDaniel
    2. 2. The Private Cloud Defined Pooled Self Service Elastic Usage Based Resources Control Customizable It’s cloud dedicated to you.
    3. 3. Private Cloud HypervisorsThe big three:- Citrix XenServer- Microsoft Hyper-V- VMware vSphere
    4. 4. Magic Quadrant for x86 ServerVirtualisation Infrastructure (Source: Gartner) Microsoft moved from being a challenger to a leader Citrix moved from being a visionary to a leader In the space of 13 months
    5. 5. Citrix XenServer Timeline Citrix acquires XenSource XenServer is made FREEBased on Xen Hypervisorcreated in 2003 3.1 3.2 4.1 5.5 5.6 5.6 SP2 4.0 5.0 5.6 FP1 6.0 • Simple to setup and install – “10 to Xen” • Management tool – XenCenter • Xen deployments include – Amazon, TESCO and Alatum (Singapore) • Current release v6.0 optimised for Citrix products – XenApp, XenDesktop, Netscaler VPX • Four Editions FREE Edition Advanced Enterprise Platinum
    6. 6. Microsoft Virtualisation Timeline Virtual Server announced FREE Hyper-V Server FREE released R2 SP1 Win8 Type-1 Server Type-2 Hypervisor Beta HypervisorVirtual Server Virtual Server Virtual Server Windows 2008 Windows 2008 R2 Windows 2008 R2 SP1 2005 2005 R2 2005 R2 SP1 Hyper-V Svr 2008 Hyper-V Svr 2008 R2 Hyper-V Svr 2008 R2 SP1 • Hyper-V released as part of Windows 2008 – 6 months after initial Windows 2008 release • Windows 2008 R2 introduces support for Live Migration and Clustered Shared Volumes (CSV) • SP1 for Windows 2008 R2 released in Feb 2011 – Dynamic Memory and RemoteFX • Hyper-V will be included in all Windows 8 OS in the future Microsoft Hyper-V Windows 2008 R2 SP1 Server (FREE) Standard Enterprise Datacenter
    7. 7. VMware Virtualisation TimelineVMware founded in 1998ESX 1.0 released in 2001 Free ESXi Hypervisor released ESX2.5 ESX3.0 VI 3.5 VI 3.5 U1-3 VI 3.5 U4-5 vSphere 4.0 U2 vSphere 4.1 U1/2 ESXi 3.5 vSphere 4.0 vSphere 4.1 vSphere 5.0 ESXi 4.0 ESXi 4.1 ESXi 5.0 • Virtualisation product is the most feature rich and has been around the longest • Latest version is vSphere 5.0 (August 2011) • Licensed by CPU socket now with a vRAM limit • Various pricing options – Essentials Kits, Acceleration Kits and Editions ESXi (FREE) Standard Enterprise Enterprise Plus 32GB vRAM 64GB vRAM 96GB vRAM
    8. 8. Private Cloud HypervisorsScalability and Support Features and Capabilities Cost and Licenses • Private cloud • Hypervisor costs• Server Hardware platform features • Licensing support • Creation of new • Management• Supported workloads software and Guest license costs Operating • Migration of Systems workloads into • Free Hypervisor the private cloud versions• Building large pools of compute resources Use the same methods to manage virtualization and deploy services to different hypervisors
    9. 9. Hypervisor Support and ScalabilityVendorProducts XenServer 6.0 Windows 2008 R2 vSphere 5.0 SP1 – Hyper-VHost support x64-bit hardware x64-bit hardware x64-bit hardware 160 logical CPUs 64 logical CPUs 160 logical CPUs 1TB RAM 1TB RAM 2TB RAMVM guest 16vCPUs 4vCPUs 32vCPUssupport (max) 128GB RAM 64GB RAM 1TB RAM 7 NICs 12 NICs (4 + 8) 10 NICs vdisk size – 2TB vhd size ~ 2TB vmdk size ~ 2TBVMs per host 75-130 Concurrent 384 VMs 512 VMs(max) VMsHost clusters Up to 16 nodes per Up to 16 nodes in a Up to 32 nodes in a resource pool cluster clusterVirtual XenCenter 6.0 Virtual Machine vCenter 5.0Infrastructure Manager 2008 R2 SP1Management
    10. 10. XenServer Supported GuestOSOS Type Supported Guest Operating Systems (Server OS) vCPUs Windows Server 2003 SP1 and SP2, Windows 2008 SP2, Up to a maximum Windows 2008 R2 and R2 SP1 of 16 vCPUs CentOS 4.5-4.8, 5.0- 5.6 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4.5-4.8, 5.0-5.6, 6.0 SUSE Linux Enterprise 9, 10, 11 Up to a maximum of 32vCPUs Oracle Enterprise Linux 5.0-5.6, 6.0 Debian Lenny 5.0, Debian Squeeze 6.0 Ubuntu 10.04• Comprehensive Linux Support + added VM templates for Citrix XenApp to optimise performance of XenApp VMs
    11. 11. Hyper-V Supported Guest OSOS Type Supported Guest Operating Systems (Server OS) vCPUs Windows Server 2000 Server and Advanced Server with 1 SP4 *End Support July 13, 2010 Windows Server 2003 SP2 32 & 64 bit 1 or 2 Windows Server 2003 R2 SP2 32 & 64 bit 1 or 2 Windows Server 2008 32 & 64 bit / 2008 R2 / SP1 1,2 or 4 SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 and 11 (x86/x64) 1,2 or 4 Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 5.2-5.7 and 6.0/6.1 1,2 or 4 (x86/x64 ) CentOS 5.2-5.7 and 6.0/6.1 1,2 or 4• Limited Linux OS supported – Must install Linux Integration Services
    12. 12. vSphere Supported Guest OS OS Type Supported Guest Operating Systems vCPUs All versions of Windows – including all the old versions Win 3.1, NT, 95, 98, ME UNIX based Server OS – including SCO, Solaris Depends on what Linux based Server OS – including Asianux, CentOS, SUSE, Guest OS supports but in general Oracle, Red Hat In fact over 102 supported versions vSphere ESXi 5.0 supports up to 32 BSD family OS - FreeBSD and Mac OS X vCPUs Others – OS/2 Warp, MS DOS 6.22, Netware, eComStation• Support for literally every x86 based OS out there – according to the VMware website – 390 Guest OS
    13. 13. Summary of Guest Support • Extract from the VMware website* • It’s not all about how many guests OS are supported but – What Guest OS would typically be deployed to your Private Cloud? • Ensure VMTools, XenTools or Integration Components are installed in the Guest OS.*
    14. 14. Private Cloud platform features• Features that you look for in a Hypervisor to enable you to create a fully scalable, resilient and highly available private cloud. Citirx XenServer Microsoft Hyper-V VMware vSphere Scalable Host Clusters Live Migration Storage Migration High Availability Dynamic Optimisation Power Optimisation Fault Tolerance
    15. 15. Creating new workloads in the Cloud Template VM Template VM Child Child ParentVirtual Hard Disk Child VMs created from the VMs created from the Template Template VM are linked VM are clones with a copy of the to the Parent Disk Virtual Hard Disk Citrix Microsoft VMware • XenCenter • SCVMM supports • vCenter supports supports VM VM and Service VM Templates Templates Templates
    16. 16. Migrating Workloads into theCloud• We need a method to migrate existing physical workloads into our Private Cloud• Two ways to migrate workloads - V2V or P2V• A brief look at the P2V tools provided by the vendors• If none of these tools migrate your workload – do it manually or go for a 3rd party solution – e.g PlateSpin Migration, Quest vConverter, Symantec System Recovery
    17. 17. DemoMigrating workloads using vendorP2V tools
    18. 18. Cloud Cost Scenario PCloud Host Spec 2 CPUs 10 Virtualisation Hosts 196GB RAM XenServer 6.0 Windows 2008 R2 Datacenter - Hyper-V vSphere 5.0 License the running Windows guest VMs – Purchase Windows 2008 R2 Datacenter edition and assign to the host to entitlement to run unlimited VMs running Windows OS – Licensed per host CPU Guest VMs 20 CPUs x $2,405 = $48,100 USD System Center 2012 vCenter Server XenCenter Datacenter Standard Free 10 x $3,607 = $36,070 1 x $7,493 = $7,493 Management vSphere Enterprise Windows 2008 R2 XenServer Platinum Plus Datacenter Edition – 10 x $5,675 = $56,750 20 x $5,243 = Licensed per Server Hyper-V Host License covered above $104,860 Licensed per CPU $104,850 $84,170 $160,453Citrix licensing - – Covers 2 years Subscription AdvantageMicrosoft licensing - -Covers 2 years Software AssuranceVMware licensing - - Covers 2 years Support and Subscription
    19. 19. Private Cloud HypervisorSummary and Use Cases XenServer, Hyper-V and vSphere will provide for most of the features andcapabilities required by Private Cloud infrastructures today. Considering themost recent OS versions for Windows and Linux, all 3 have very good support.XenServer Hyper-V vSphere• Simple to • Pure Microsoft • Where cost is not implement and shop an issue deploy • Cost is a concern • Enterprise class• Supports large • Comprehensive features and number of Linux management – scalability guests both physical and • Large base of• Optimized for virtual VMware Citrix products – • Future product consultants and XenApp/ roadmap engineers XenDesktop
    20. 20. Private CloudManagement System Center Virtual Machine Manager 2012
    21. 21. new newManage Private and Public Cloud applications and services with a common solution
    22. 22. System Center Virtual Machine Manager2012 Deployment Fabric Cloud Services FabricInfrastructureEnhancements Management Hyper-V Bare HA VMM Update Metal Server Management Provisioning Hyper-V, Dynamic Upgrade VMware, Citrix Optimization XenServer Custom Network Power properties Management Management Storage Monitoring Powershell Management Integration
    23. 23. Support for MultipleHypervisors Virtual Machine ManagerCloud vCenter Server Microsoft Hyper-V VMware vSphere 4.1 Citrix XenServer 6.0
    24. 24. DemoBring Heterogeneous HypervisorsUnder Management to create aPrivate Cloud
    25. 25. Private Cloud Hypervisors (Updated)VendorProducts XenServer 6.0 Windows 2008 Windows 8 Server – vSphere 5.0 R2 SP1 – Hyper-V Hyper-VHost support x64-bit hardware x64-bit hardware x64-bit hardware x64-bit hardware 160 logical CPUs 64 logical CPUs 160 logical CPUs 160 logical CPUs 1TB RAM 1TB RAM 2TB RAM 2TB RAMVM guest 16vCPUs 4vCPUs 32vCPUs 32vCPUssupport 128GB RAM 64GB RAM 1TB RAM 1TB RAM(max) 7 NICs 12 NICs (4 + 8) vhd size – 2040GB 10 NICs vdisk size – 2TB vhd size ~ 2TB vhdx size – 64TB vmdk size ~ 2TBVMs per host 75-130 Concurrent 384 VMs 1024 VMs 512 VMs(max) VMsHost clusters Up to 16 nodes per Up to 16 nodes in Up to 64 nodes in a Up to 32 nodes resource pool a cluster cluster in a clusterVirtual XenCenter 6.0 Virtual Machine Virtual Machine vCenter 5.0Infrastructure Manager 2008 R2 Manger 2012 R2Management SP1 (unconfirmed)
    26. 26. Windows 8 Server: Hyper-V Hyper-V VM Hyper-V Hyper-V Hyper-V Hyper-VHyper-V Host Hyper-V HA Improvements Clustering Networking Storage Management QoS and Up to 4000 Powershell Storage Up to 160 32 vCPUs flexible VHDX – up VMs per v3 – 23000 Livelogical CPUs per VM bandwidth to 64TB cluster cmdlets Migration allocation Shared Up to 64 SMB 2.2 Hyper-V Up to 2TB Support for Nothing 1TB per VM cluster storage of Extensible RAM SR-IOV Live nodes VMs Switch Migration Support for No more Multiple Dynamic Server Fibre Virtual Fibre Hyper-V vCPU:pCPU VM VM Queue Manager Channel Channel Replica ratio limit migrations (D-VMQ) Dashboard Adapters
    27. 27. Final Words• Vendors products are constantly improving levelling the playing field.• Management is more important than the Hypervisor “Virtualization without good management is more dangerous than not using virtualization in the first place.” – TOM BITTMAN - GARTNER VP AND ANALYST, 9 MAY, 2007• The Hypervisor is just the technology, don’t forget about people and processes.Virtualization Will Drive Major Change in IT Infrastructure and Operations in the Next Three Years, Tom Bittman, May 8, 2007
    28. 28. Links and upcoming events• Email:• Useful Links – Citrix TV – Search for XenServer – Access free online training and understand more about Microsoft Cloud technologies at – Learn more about System Center 2012 products for private cloud through one Single download today. center/ – VMware vSphere Blogs -• Look out for future Private Cloud Building Block sessions - Part 2 – Storage and Part 3 – Network