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social studies sba

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social studies sba

  1. 1. AKNOWLEDGEMENT The researcher would like to thank god for the needed patience, strength and knowledge to complete this School Based Assessment. The researcher would also like to thank his family and friends for the support that they provided him in completing this project as well as the individuals who participated in the survey for their co- operation.
  2. 2. CONTENT PAGE 1…………………………………………………………………. Acknowledgement 2…………………………………………………………………..Content Page 3…………………………………………………………………..Introduction 4…………………………………………………………………..Statement of Problem 5....…………………………………………………………………..Reasons for selecting areas of research 6……………………………………………………………….....Method of investigation 7…………………………………………………………………Instrument used to collect data 8…………………………………………………………………Questionnaire 9………………………………………………………………...Questionnaire 10………………………………………………………………...Procedures used to collect data 11…………………………………………………………………Presentation of data (fig 1) 12…………………………………………………………………Figure 2 13…………………………………………………………………Figure 3 14…………………………………………………………………Figure 4 15…………………………………………………………………Interpretation of data 16…………………………………………………………………Findings 17...............…………………………………………………………………Recommendations and implementations 18…………………………………………………………………Appendix 19…………………………………………………………………Bibliography
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION What is depression? Depression is a mood disorder in which one experiences persistent feelings of sadness, loneliness, emptiness, aversion to activity etc. Worthmanville is a small, lower to middle class community in the central area of Georgetown, Guyana. This School based assessment is based on the causes of depression and the factors that contribute to depression in teenagers of Worthmanville.
  4. 4. Task one (1) STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM What factors contribute to depression in teenagers of Wortmanville, Georgetown and how can it be prevented?
  5. 5. Task two (2) REASONS FOR SELECTING AREA OF RESEARCH The reason the researcher choose this topic is to determine the various reasons and factors that contribute to the levels of depression in teenagers; the researcher would also like to know the causes of depression. Finally the researcher seeks information on the various ways depression can be reduced or even prevented.
  6. 6. Task three (3) METHOD OF INVESTIGATION The method of investigation utilized by the researcher is the questionnaire method. This method involves the creation and distribution of questionnaires in a survey to a group of people to gain data in specific areas. This method was used as it is relatively inexpensive to produce and it can be distributed to a great deal of individuals in a short timeframe. Questionnaires are also easily understood by almost any social class of people as the content is very structured and simple. The researcher plans to make the questionnaires straight forward and user-friendly so as to make answering it a quick and easy process. Thus, data collection will be an efficient process.
  7. 7. Task Four(4) (Copy of the Questionnaire) INSTRUMENT USED TO COLLECT DATA SURVEY ON CAUSES OF DEPRESSION IN TEENAGERS OF WORTHMANVILLE, GEORGETOWN GUYANA Dear resident, This is a survey being carried out by a student of Saint Stanislaus College to determine the causes of teenage depression. This study is being conducted as part of the Social Studies S.B.A required for the CSEC examination. Kindly answer each question as truthfully and as accurate as possible. Your name is not required; therefore no one will be aware that if is you who completed this form. Please keep in mind that this is not a test and that accuracy and honesty are a key part of this S.B.A I thank you for your co operation Yours Sincerely Carlos J. Gonsalves
  8. 8. QUESTIONNAIRE Place a tick in the box next to your answer of choice 1. How old are you? 13 14-15 16-17 18-19 2. How frequently have you been depressed over the last 2 years? 0 1-2 3-6 7 plus 3. Have you had a serious traumatic experience? Yes No 4. If yes, what was this traumatic experience? ______________________________________________________________________________ 5. At what age did this traumatic experience occur? ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. Do you think that it contributed to your depression? Yes No 7. State 2 factors that you think contributed to your depression. ______________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 8. Do you have any siblings who were depressed? Yes No 9. Do you your siblings have a good relationship with the rest of your family? Yes No Unclear 10. Have you lost a loved one recently? Yes No 11. Were you seriously depressed after the loss of your loved one?
  9. 9. ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 12. Have you experienced any form of bullying at your school prior to your depression? Yes No 13. If yes would you say this contributed to your depression? Yes No Uncertain 14. Do you think that one’s social life can be a determining factor in one’s state of mind? Yes No 15. Would you consider your recent academic performances as satisfactory? ________________________________________________________________________ 16. If no would you consider this as a factor that influences depression? Why? _____________________________________________________________________________ 17. Have you ever thought that you had a lot of responsibilities prior to depression? Yes No 18. Has your depression ever been so bad that you have contemplated or attempted suicide? Yes No 19. Do you think that depression can be prevented? Yes No 20. If yes, briefly explain how. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________
  10. 10. Task Five (5) PROCEDURES USED TO COLLECT DATA Wortmanville, Georgetown, Guyana comprises of about one hundred and fifty (150) households. Of this, twenty five percent (25%) is needed for accurate collection of data on the causes of depression in teenagers (which is 25/100*150). Therefore, thirty seven (37) Questionnaires will be printed to conduct this study. The researcher will distribute forty (40) Questionnaires to homes which houses teenagers in Wortmanville. They will have two days to complete the Questionnaire. After this time the researcher will most likely only be returned thirty seven (37) Questionnaires and from this the researcher will gather his information. The method of selection that was used is Random Selection. This is where the addresses of a number of teens were written on pieces of paper which were then folded and placed into a box. The researcher then randomly selected pieces of paper from the box while vigorously shaking the box. The researcher distributed the forty (40) questionnaires on the 20th October, 2014. The distribution process took approximately two and a half hours. The respondents were given two (2) days to complete these questionnaires. The completed questionnaires were then collected by the researcher on the 22th October, 2014 at around 4:45 pm. In addition to the use of the questionnaire the researcher made use of other sources for means of aid and reference. These sources include Modules in Social Studies with SBA guide and CXC Questions 4th Edition as well as the National Archives.
  11. 11. Task six (6) PRESENTATION OF DATA Of the forty questionnaires distributed, 39 were returned. The researcher utilized various graphs to present the collected data. The following graphs depict the information that was received from the questionnaire. Figure One (1)- The bar graph in figure one shows the percentage and number of persons and their responses for question two. The graph depicts that 9 persons were depressed 7 plus times, 26 persons were depressed about 3-6 times, 4 persons were depressed 1-2 times and 0 persons were not depressed at all over the course of the last two (2) years. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 0 times 1-2 times 3-6 times 7 plus times 66.7 10.2 23.1 HOWFREQUENTLY HAVE YOU BEEN DEPRESSED OVER THE PAST 2 YEARS?
  12. 12. Figure Two (2) The pie chart in figure two shows the various responses and their according percentages on question 4. The chart depicts the various responses which are color coded and then represented by percentages in a pie chart. For 1 individual (2 % of respondents) they were traumatized by some extent by attempted rape, 18 persons (45% of respondents) blamed witnessing domestic abuse and problems for traumatizing them; (25% of respondents) 11 people claimed the death of a loved one was responsible for trauma and 9 people responded by saying their traumatic experience was either attempted sexual assault or molestation. 45 25 28 2 WHAT WAS THE TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCE? Witnessing domestic abuse /problems Death of a loved one Attempted sexual assult , molestation Rape or attempted rape
  13. 13. Figure Three (3) Figure 3 depicts a bar graph showing data collected from question 7 on what respondents felt contributed to their depression. Thirteen(13) persons felt that the core reason for their depression was their family issues and loneliness while eleven persons blamed the relationship with their parents and a broken home for their depression and ten(10) persons listed the strain and pressure put on them by school and by parents cause them to become depressed. Six (6) respondents did not list any specific cause that contributed to their depression. 0 5 10 15 pressure from school and parents domestic problems and a broken home family issues/drama and loneliness unspecified STATE TWO FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO YOUR DEPESSION
  14. 14. Figure Four (4) The diagram in figure 4 depicts the respondent’s answers to the 18th question on the questionnaire. 25 persons (65 %) responded with a yes to the question meaning that they have indeed thought or attempted suicide. 12 persons ( approximately 30%) responded “no” to the question while 2 individuals (approximately 5 percent) left the question blank. 65 30 5 Have you ever contemplated or attempted suicide? Yes No Unanswered
  15. 15. Task seven(7) INTERPETATION OF DATA Based on the data collected all of the adolescents in Wortmanville Georgetown, Guyana who were involved in the survey acknowledged that they have been depressed at least once over the past two years; with the majority (66.7 % ) stating that depression is a fairly common experience for them. It is observed that while majority of the teens surveyed were depressed, a few teens (23.1) were severely depressed (7 plus times) A small number of teens were not depressed often, usually only once or twice within the past 2 years. It was observed that the teens who suffer heavily from depression in Wortmanville have a range of problems and issues to cope with and that all suffered from some kind of traumatic experience. These traumatic experiences ranged from witnessing domestic abuse/violence and the death of a loved one to attempted rape and sexual assault and molestation. Many teens reported that their traumatic experience contributed to or began their depression. Being the witness of domestic abuse and violence in the home is a massive factor that contributes to depression as well as a traumatic experience. Young adolescents are especially vulnerable as they feel completed helpless, hopeless and isolated in a broken home and this is evidently the start of depression even if they do not know it. The sudden death of a loved one can plunge anyone into depression, much less an adolescent who has so much going on in their life. This traumatic experience can be utterly devastating on adolescents; especially they were extremely close to the deceased. A combination of the previously mentioned causes along with alcoholism etc can lead to sexual molestation and/ or attempted rape. For most teens this stage leads to severe and chronic depression and possibly suicide or attempted suicide. Many adolescents feel isolated and lonely prior to their depression; they feel as if they lack someone to talk to. Many of these teens come from a broken home or have witness or experienced violence in the home. Some teens claimed that pressure from their parents despite whatever problems they were facing only contributed to their depression. A whopping 65 % of teens responded positively to question 18. More than half of the respondents claimed that they have either attempted or contemplated suicide, obviously inferring that they were suffering from great levels of loneliness sadness and hopelessness. Thirty percent of respondents stated that they never felt so depressed as to think about or attempt suicide while 2 persons did not answer the question.
  16. 16. Task eight(8) FINDINGS Upon through collection and interpretation of the data received from this study the following was observed by the researcher:  All adolescents aged 12-19 in Worthmanville, Georgetown, Guyana have suffered depression at least once due to varying reasons that range from domestic issues to sexual assault . Of the 39 teens questioned 10 were depressed very often (more than 7 times in 2 years) 26 were depressed less often (3-6 times in 2 years) and 4 did not experience depression often, only once or twice.  Many factors contributed to depression in adolescents such as loneliness, domestic problems, broken homes, pressure from school and parents. These factors are often interlinked and can lead to each other. Of the 39 respondents 1 person was traumatized by attempted rape, 18 persons witnessing domestic abuse and problems; 11 people lost a loved one and 9 people responded by saying their traumatic experience was either attempted sexual assault or molestation.  Majority of the teens surveyed have contemplated or attempted suicide due to being depressed. This shows the severity of depression and the debilitating effects it have on these young people, so much as to make them want to take their own life. It also shows how bad their problems are and how important it to address and remedy these problems.
  17. 17. Task nine (9) RECOMMENDATION AND IMPLEMENTATION 1. Governments should install suicide prevention and rehabilitation programs in which a survivor of a suicide attempt should be required to spend some time in a program in order to cope with their depression. 2. The government can create a crisis and suicide hotline in which professional help and immediate counseling is give via telephone to persons who are suicidal and depressed. The call would be anonymous unless the caller wishes to give his/her name for more specialized and personal advice and counseling.
  18. 18. APPENDIX
  19. 19. BIBLIOGRAPHY The researcher used information from the following sources:  Ramsawak Rampersaud,Et al. Modules in Social Studies with SBA guide and CXC Questions 4th Edition Caribbean Educational Publishers Ltd. 2005.  Questionnaire

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