RPL in NIOS
Dr. Mamta Srivastava
Dy. Director, NIOS
Contemporary Scenario in Skill Development
 Age Group 15-29
▫ Only 2% have formal Vocational Training
▫ 8 % have non-form...
• Half-a-billion labor force of India -
▫ It is under-utilized due to low skill endowments and low
levels of productivity
...
• The country is and will be in a favourable
demographic situation
• 25% of the world labour force would be
Indians by 202...
Various forms of learning
Knowledge
Skills
Abilities
Formal
Learning
Non-
Formal
Learning
Informal
Learning
Why are we focusing on RPL in India
• Large pool of skilled, unqualified workers.
• To provide recognition to the skilled ...
Cont…
 Target people who have been excluded from
mainstream education
 A focus on employer needs – helping employers
und...
NVEQF and Prior Learning
Case I Case II
Level Certificate Equivalence Equivalence Certifying Body
10 NCC 8 Degree Doctorat...
RPL – What is it
“to recognize and validate competencies for the
purpose of certification obtained outside the
formal educ...
Stakeholders in RPL
Students/
Learners
Certification
body
Employers
Schools /
VTP
Mentor
External
authentic
ator
Assessor
Participants in RPL process
• Skill workers engaged in urban small scale
enterprise
• Self employed people
• People engage...
Purpose of the RPL Framework
• Simplify the RPL process and establish a common
understanding amongst stakeholders
• Standa...
Benefits of RPL
RPL can address the
• Needs of disadvantaged groups, dropouts and part time
students.
• It facilitates ent...
The Process of RPL is about
• Identifying what the learners know and can do
• Matching the skills/knowledge and experience...
Assessment Stages
Post-Assessment Stage
Assessment Stage
Pre-Assessment Stage
Assessment
• Vocational skills assessment falls in two parts
▫ Knowledge ( what & why)
▫ Competence
• Knowledge assessment...
Assessment methods have to be
• Appropriate; best suited for the performance being
assessed.
• Fair; assessment methods wi...
Types of assessment
• Diagnostic: identify training needs
• Formative: over a period of learning/ practice
• Summative: at...
If partial fulfillment of competency
Judgment & recommendation made
Candidate assessed against selected NOS
VTP/SKP invite...
Principles of Assessment
• Validity
• Reliability
• Fairness
• Flexibility
Assessment methods and tools
Assessment method Assessment tools
Practical observation Instructions to candidates and asses...
Monitoring Mechanism
Using video for assessment
Recording and keeping results
Appeals Processes
• Usually 30 days to appeal (in writing)
• To be heard by an independent person
• Candidate and assessor...
What are the outcomes of RPL ?
As a result of RPL people may:
▫ Plan a learning pathway; personal/career development plan
...
Challenges -1
• Public recognition of the RPL processes as part of
the education and training systems.
• Training of the t...
Challenges -2
• Changing current mindset that devalues
anything that does not involve traditional
learning processes
• Pot...
RPL in adult literacy
Assessment of Basic Literacy Program under
Sakshar Bharat Programme(NIOS & NLMA)
• Launched by NIOS ...
Thanks
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Developing Strategy plan for implementation of NVEQF in Open Schooling- Kochi, June 20-21,2013

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Presentation by Dr. Mamta Srivastava, NIOS

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  • Formal learning: takes place within the context of programmes delivered by learning and training providers is assessed and credit-rated. Informal learning: achieved through life and work experiences learning gained in non-formal contexts e.g. in the community, the workplace or independent learning not been previously assessed or credit-ratedNon-formal learning: what happens in a formal situation but may not lead to formal qualifications
  • Developing Strategy plan for implementation of NVEQF in Open Schooling- Kochi, June 20-21,2013

    1. 1. RPL in NIOS Dr. Mamta Srivastava Dy. Director, NIOS
    2. 2. Contemporary Scenario in Skill Development  Age Group 15-29 ▫ Only 2% have formal Vocational Training ▫ 8 % have non-formal Vocational Training • 93% of workforce in un-organized sector • New workforce entrants every year: 12.8 Million • Existing Skill Development capacity: 3.1 Million • Mismatch between the skill requirements of the market and the skill base of the job seekers
    3. 3. • Half-a-billion labor force of India - ▫ It is under-utilized due to low skill endowments and low levels of productivity • India has the most youngest population in the world & this demographic advantage to be converted to demographic Dividend. • In countries like Korea, Japan and Germany 60% to 96% of the youth in the age group 20-24 are vocationally trained. Present Scenario
    4. 4. • The country is and will be in a favourable demographic situation • 25% of the world labour force would be Indians by 2025 (India Labour Report, 2009) • Target is to achieve 350 million skilled persons by 2022. • To achieve these targets India needs a flexible education system with ▫ Facilities for Lifelong Learning ▫ Recognition of Prior Learning Future Outlook
    5. 5. Various forms of learning Knowledge Skills Abilities Formal Learning Non- Formal Learning Informal Learning
    6. 6. Why are we focusing on RPL in India • Large pool of skilled, unqualified workers. • To provide recognition to the skilled craftsman and skilled workforce who do not have any formal learning and certification • To empower adult mature learner • To provide alternate routes for studies and equivalency • For personal development and empowerment
    7. 7. Cont…  Target people who have been excluded from mainstream education  A focus on employer needs – helping employers understand the skills that they already have in their organization.  Choice – greater flexibility in education systems  Maximum utilization of existing human resources  Promotion of a positive learning culture – encouraging the valuing of all learning, wherever it is gained
    8. 8. NVEQF and Prior Learning Case I Case II Level Certificate Equivalence Equivalence Certifying Body 10 NCC 8 Degree Doctorate University and SSC 9 NCC 7 PG Diploma Masters Degree University and SSC 8 NCC6 University and SSC 7 NCC 5 Advanced Diploma Bachelors Degree Board of Technical Education and SSC University and SSC6 NCC 4 5 NCC 3 Diploma Grade XII Board of Technical Education, and SSc School Board and SSC 4 NCC 2 3 NCC 1 Grade XI 2 NCWP 1 Grade X Grade X School Board and SSC 1 NCWP 1 Grade IX Grade IX School Board and SSC RPL RPL 2 RPL 1 Grade VIII Grade V Grade VIII Grade V NIOS/SOS and SSC NIOS/SOS and SSC NCC – National Competency Certificate, NCWP – National Certificate for Work Preparation
    9. 9. RPL – What is it “to recognize and validate competencies for the purpose of certification obtained outside the formal education and training systems” • it is a form of assessment based process which makes use of evidence of learners previous non- certified achievements to demonstrate his/her competence (knowledge, skills and attitude) or achievement.
    10. 10. Stakeholders in RPL Students/ Learners Certification body Employers Schools / VTP Mentor External authentic ator Assessor
    11. 11. Participants in RPL process • Skill workers engaged in urban small scale enterprise • Self employed people • People engaged in traditional activities • Skilled workers in rural areas • Mature /Adult Learners
    12. 12. Purpose of the RPL Framework • Simplify the RPL process and establish a common understanding amongst stakeholders • Standardise various practices • Aligned with the principles and values underpinning transformation of the education and training system • Addresses the visible and invisible barriers to learning and assessment experienced by many employees/learners
    13. 13. Benefits of RPL RPL can address the • Needs of disadvantaged groups, dropouts and part time students. • It facilitates entry into education and training programmes • It gives recognition to certain occupation as professions which will have social and economic benefits. • Workers and artisans in unorganized sector can gain national recognition for their skills and experience to enter into formal system of education & training. • It may also enhance the employment prospectus • It will also help in identifying training needs of people • Will also encourage people to become life long learners.
    14. 14. The Process of RPL is about • Identifying what the learners know and can do • Matching the skills/knowledge and experience of the learner with the unit standards • Assessing the learner • Acknowledging the competencies of the learner • Providing credit to the learner for skills, knowledge and experience already acquired. • Issuing a record of learning /qualification
    15. 15. Assessment Stages Post-Assessment Stage Assessment Stage Pre-Assessment Stage
    16. 16. Assessment • Vocational skills assessment falls in two parts ▫ Knowledge ( what & why) ▫ Competence • Knowledge assessment is relatively easy to manage • Competence assessment requires external verification /assurance.
    17. 17. Assessment methods have to be • Appropriate; best suited for the performance being assessed. • Fair; assessment methods will not be of disadvantage to individuals or limit them in ways unrelated to the evidence sought • Integrated with work /or learning; evidence collection can be ongoing ,linked with normal work or learning • Manageable ;used should be straightforward, readily arranged and will not interfere with work or learning
    18. 18. Types of assessment • Diagnostic: identify training needs • Formative: over a period of learning/ practice • Summative: at the end of the learning/practice
    19. 19. If partial fulfillment of competency Judgment & recommendation made Candidate assessed against selected NOS VTP/SKP invites eligible candidate for assessment Application received from Candidate Seeking RPL VTP’s Screens Application Candidate informed of short coming and registered to rectify it NIOS/VTP developes the assessment plans tools Support provided for gap training Yes No Process of RPL Assessment
    20. 20. Principles of Assessment • Validity • Reliability • Fairness • Flexibility
    21. 21. Assessment methods and tools Assessment method Assessment tools Practical observation Instructions to candidates and assessors Observation checklist with criteria Simulation, role-play, case study Scenario to be simulated, or outline of roles or issues to be covered Observation check list with criteria Written test Instructions to candidates Examination questions/paper Marking check list/answer guide for assessors Reports, assignments, projects Project brief Marking check list/recording tool for assessors Portfolio or diary Guidelines for candidates Log book Recording tool for assessors
    22. 22. Monitoring Mechanism Using video for assessment Recording and keeping results
    23. 23. Appeals Processes • Usually 30 days to appeal (in writing) • To be heard by an independent person • Candidate and assessor both to be heard • Candidate may be reassessed
    24. 24. What are the outcomes of RPL ? As a result of RPL people may: ▫ Plan a learning pathway; personal/career development plan which will build on their prior learning (RPL for PCD/ formative recognition) ▫ Identify core, and other skills, which they have gained through their life and work experiences which will help them to study, train or work effectively ( building learner confidence & supporting transitions) ▫ Gain entry to a programme at college or university as alternative to traditional entry qualifications (RPL for entry) ▫ Gain credit within a programme or towards a qualification RPL for credit/ summative recognition)
    25. 25. Challenges -1 • Public recognition of the RPL processes as part of the education and training systems. • Training of the trainers and other functionaries a key issue. • Tailored and customized learning processes must be developed further.. • How to minimize costs for the learner.
    26. 26. Challenges -2 • Changing current mindset that devalues anything that does not involve traditional learning processes • Potentially complex processes, including the need to gather adequate evidence. • Acceptance of RPL candidate by the Industry and other Learning Institutions. • Establishing uniform process for RPL across Organization/ Institutions /SSC.
    27. 27. RPL in adult literacy Assessment of Basic Literacy Program under Sakshar Bharat Programme(NIOS & NLMA) • Launched by NIOS as a pilot in 2010 • Assessment twice in a year –  March & August • Nearly 2 crores candidates certified
    28. 28. Thanks

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