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Commonwealth Educational
Media Centre for Asia
Understanding Open
Educational Resources
Sanjaya Mishra
Education Specialis...
A Childhood riddle…
What is it that does not
get reduced after sharing
with someone else?
KNOWLEDGE
Role of Teachers
What teachers do?
– Explain
– Interpret
– Guide
– Share
– Write
– Counselling
– Assessing
– Facilitate
– ...
Knowledge Commons
 Who owns knowledge?
 Researcher stands on the shoulder of giants
 Previous research is necessary for...
Knowledge Resources Formats
 Books
 Periodicals
 A/V Media
 Online Web Resources
– Text
– Audio
– Video
– Graphics
– A...
Open…
 Learning
 Education
 Access
 Science
 Data
 Content
 Source
 Government
 Educational Resources
OER: History and Developments
 MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001
 UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open
Courseware for Higher Educat...
OER: Definition
 teaching, learning and research
materials in any medium, digital or
otherwise, that reside in the public...
What is “Open”?
 It’s about open license used to share
educational material
 Reuse
 Revise
 Remix
 Redistribute
 Ret...
Defining the "Open" in Open Content
 Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the
content (e.g., download, ...
Technology and Platforms
 Wikipedia, Wikieducator, Wikivarsity
 Wikispaces, etc.
 Connexions
 MIT OpenCourseware
 OLI...
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Government
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Bridge digital divi...
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Institutions
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Improve media and...
OER Paris Declaration 2012:
Recommendations related to
Teachers
 Promote awareness and use of OER
 Develop and use OER
...
THANK YOU
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Understanding Open Educational Resources

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A presentation by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra ,Education Specialist, eLearning, COL,Canada and Principal Investigator, ROER4D Project at the Workshop on OER for Development supported by IDRC, Canada

Published in: Education
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Understanding Open Educational Resources

  1. 1. Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia Understanding Open Educational Resources Sanjaya Mishra Education Specialist, eLearning, COL Principal Investigator, ROER4D
  2. 2. A Childhood riddle… What is it that does not get reduced after sharing with someone else? KNOWLEDGE
  3. 3. Role of Teachers What teachers do? – Explain – Interpret – Guide – Share – Write – Counselling – Assessing – Facilitate – Any other?  What you do?
  4. 4. Knowledge Commons  Who owns knowledge?  Researcher stands on the shoulder of giants  Previous research is necessary for new research  Knowledge is Free – Information is not.  Data Information Knowledge
  5. 5. Knowledge Resources Formats  Books  Periodicals  A/V Media  Online Web Resources – Text – Audio – Video – Graphics – Animation Learning Objects
  6. 6. Open…  Learning  Education  Access  Science  Data  Content  Source  Government  Educational Resources
  7. 7. OER: History and Developments  MIT OpenCourseWare, 2001  UNESCO Forum on the Impact of Open Courseware for Higher Education in Developing Countries, 2002  OLI-CMU, 2002  OER Paris Declaration 2012
  8. 8. OER: Definition  teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions. Open licensing is built within the existing framework of intellectual property rights as defined by relevant international conventions and respects the authorship of the work.
  9. 9. What is “Open”?  It’s about open license used to share educational material  Reuse  Revise  Remix  Redistribute  Retain  No permission required as long as the open license is respected
  10. 10. Defining the "Open" in Open Content  Retain - the right to make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)  Reuse - the right to use the content in a wide range of ways (e.g., in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)  Revise - the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)  Remix - the right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)  Redistribute - the right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend) http://www.opencontent.org/definition/
  11. 11. Technology and Platforms  Wikipedia, Wikieducator, Wikivarsity  Wikispaces, etc.  Connexions  MIT OpenCourseware  OLI-CMU  FlexiLearn  OpenLearn  OER Commons  Directory of OER
  12. 12. OER Paris Declaration 2012: Recommendations related to Government  Promote awareness and use of OER  Bridge digital divide by developing infrastructure (broadband, mobile, electricity)  Develop national policy for OER  Promote use of Open licencing frameworks  Support capacity building initiatives on OER  Encourage and support research on OER  Adopt open standards and technologies for interoperability  Encourage open license for materials produced using public funds
  13. 13. OER Paris Declaration 2012: Recommendations related to Institutions  Promote awareness and use of OER  Improve media and information literacy  Develop institutional policies for OER  Educate stakeholders on open licenses and copyright  Promote quality assurance and peer review of OER  Develop strategic partnerships to avoid duplication of work as well as technologies  Encourage and support research on OER  Develop tools to facilitate access to OER
  14. 14. OER Paris Declaration 2012: Recommendations related to Teachers  Promote awareness and use of OER  Develop and use OER  Engage in peer review of OER  Promote quality of OER  Develop OER in local languages  Contextualize OER  Conduct research on OER  Share learning materials prepared
  15. 15. THANK YOU

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