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Plug In Vehicles and Integration


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Plug In Vehicles and Integration

  1. 1. PEV Infrastructure and <br />Integration of PEV<br />Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions<br />5 November 2010<br />Jasna Tomic<br />
  2. 2. PEV Infrastructure in CA<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Background<br />California leading state for deployment of and sale of plug-in vehicles<br />California needs to be ready from an infrastructure perspective<br />Many regional efforts in the state involving utilities, communities, cities, EVSE providers<br />Communication and sharing between the different regional efforts is lacking<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. CPVICI<br />Focus and Goals<br /><ul><li>California Plug-in Vehicle Infrastructure Coordinating Initiative
  7. 7. Facilitate sharing of information and best practices among the different regional PEV readiness efforts, particularly North-South connection
  8. 8. Serve a networking function and provide connection between problem identifiers and solution providers
  9. 9. Send out e-bulletins on as needed basis identifying new findings and lessons learned</li></li></ul><li>Participants<br /><ul><li> Virtual meetings held with participants
  10. 10. San Diego Gas & Electric
  11. 11. Southern California Edison
  12. 12. Monterey Bay EV Alliance
  13. 13. Bay Area EV Alliance
  14. 14. Sacramento Municipal Utility District
  15. 15. Sonoma County
  16. 16. Pasadena
  17. 17. Burbank
  18. 18. Glendale</li></li></ul><li>Topics<br />Current Topics<br /><ul><li>Streamline Permitting Process
  19. 19. Localities lack resources for permitting
  20. 20. Clear Checklist for Customers
  21. 21. ADA Accessibility
  22. 22. Multi-unit dwelling needs
  23. 23. Gated communities, apartments, trailer parks --- different solutions for each case</li></ul>Larger Topics <br /><ul><li>Home – workplace – public charging
  24. 24. User profiles of fleets vs individual owners</li></li></ul><li>CPVICI – Next Steps<br /><ul><li>Learn from OR and WA examples what worked in those states
  25. 25. Distribute information to smaller municipal utilities, regions, cities that wish to get involved but often lack resources
  26. 26. Develop a process chart with identified steps for PEV readiness
  27. 27. Expand current funding support from SCAQMD and BAAQMD</li></li></ul><li>Integration of PEVs with Electric Grid<br />
  28. 28. Benefits of adding PEVs to Electric Grid<br /><ul><li>Integration of PEVs with electric grid will provide better use of PEV
  29. 29. PEV are not only an electric load but can provide energy storage capacity and balancing of the grid
  30. 30. The next steps in greater integration of PEVs with electric grid system need to be demonstrated now</li></li></ul><li>Integrating PEVs and Smart Grid<br /><ul><li>“Smart Grid”
  31. 31. Integrating Distributed Generation
  32. 32. Increasing generation from renewables
  33. 33. Collaboration with JPL – Role of PEVs in Smart Grid Roadmap (CEC PIER funded)</li></li></ul><li>Vehicle to Grid- Integration of Transportation and Power Grid<br />Arrows indicate direction of power flow<br />(Kempton &Tomic, JPS, 2005)<br />2<br />
  34. 34. Vehicle-to-Grid<br />Power Grid<br />EV of PHEV<br />Vehicle-to-Grid refers to flow of electricity and communications between and electric-drive vehicle and the electric grid<br />Two large sector that can be integrated<br />Smart interaction between vehicle fleet, grid and intermittent renewable<br />Large, low-cost storage of electricity<br />Helps business case of PEVs<br />
  35. 35. Recommendations<br />We need targeted deployment of V2G now!<br />Need to show benefits in targeted demonstrations<br />Discharging of EVs and other distributed generation back to the grid provides greater benefit to the grid<br />Use of stored electricity, grid stability, added generation capacity<br />
  36. 36. Recommendations<br />Encourage infrastructure projects be followed by test plans and monitoring of PEV use characteristics<br />Design projects with fleets or aggregated vehicles – 50 to 200 vehicles (muni, gov fleets, campus)<br />1) Controlled charging<br />2) Variable rate charging<br />3) Discharging to grid<br />4) Added functionality of on-board power<br />Partners: Commercial fleets, Utilities, CalISO<br />With installation of ‘smart grid’ and charging infrastructure deploy and test in parallel new applications and technologies such as V2G that really put the smart grid to use<br />
  37. 37. Clean Transportation Technologies and SolutionsSM<br /><br />