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National social protection strategy in Bangladesh, David Hulme, Brooks World Poverty Institute.


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Bangladesh has been ahead of the curve in responding to the challenges of risk, vulnerability and social protection. Having laid a robust foundation of safety net programmes, the quest is now for a national social protection strategy that aims for a sum that is greater than its part. This presentation summarises a book, Social Protection in Bangladesh, which is an important milestone in this journey. By David Hulme, Brooks World Poverty Institute.

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National social protection strategy in Bangladesh, David Hulme, Brooks World Poverty Institute.

  1. 1. Social Protection in Bangladesh: Book Overview David Hulme Brooks World Poverty Institute University of Manchester
  2. 2. The Book and the Team • The Book Social Protection in Bangladesh: Building Effective Social Safety Nets and Ladders Out of Poverty • The Team - Power and Participation Research Centre-PPRC - University of Manchester – Brooks Institute - Contributors – 21 from 14 countries - UNDP and partners…and UPL
  3. 3. Bangladesh has been doing well • Bangladesh is no ‘basket case’ story…stupid! - Extreme poverty down from 41% (1991) to 17% (2010) - Economic growth up at 6% pa for almost 15 years - A Low Income Country (LIC) that is an MDGs success - Expecting to become a MIC in 2020s
  4. 4. But it faces big challenges • More than 50 million people still in poverty • Some 28 million in extreme poverty • Gender inequality - female-headed households twice as likely to be extreme poor • More than 40% of children are poorly nourished • 60 to 80% of population vulnerable to shocks that would make them poor
  5. 5. How to tackle these challenges • To tackle these problems it needs 1. Sustained and inclusive economic growth 2. Effective social development 3. Social and political cohesion • All of these need an effective social protection system – programmes to reduce socially unacceptable levels of poverty and vulnerability • National Social Protection Strategy – a priority
  6. 6. Building on historical roots • Bangladesh has 80 to 95 social protection programmes operated by 20 ministries • They absorb 2.2% of GDP…actually, 1.6% excluding civil service pensions • These schemes have been successful in disaster management, food relief and income poverty reduction • But, they are now not meeting contemporary needs and are not effective and efficient
  7. 7. What the Book Seeks to do • To provide guidance and stimulate debate – government, civil society, academia • To draw lessons from national and international experiences 1. Need for an overarching strategy – to mobilise resources, contribute to a national consensus 2. Plan of action - strategy has to be implemented 3. New challenges - youth bulge, climate change, graduation/exit, urbanisation, ageing 4. Learning - M&E, innovation, listening to people 5. Leadership – civil, administ’n, political…Levy & Lula
  8. 8. Some Highlights • Role of social protection/SSNs in emerging economies – a model (Samson) • Household behaviour (Ragno) • Graduation and ‘exit’ (Hashemi/Montesquieu) • Financing (Barrientos and Khondker/Datta) • Child protection (Mishra, Papavero, Sjoblom) • International comp’ns (Valle/Colin & Liejun)
  9. 9. Some Highlights • Technology (Maitrot/Foster) • Adavasis & exclusion(Hossain & Kappestein) • Urban poverty (Walsham) • Econometric analyses (M M Rahman) • Overarching lessons (H Z Rahman, Hulme, Maitrot, Ragno)
  10. 10. The Fork in the Road • Bangladesh has done well…can do better • Now at a crossroads – which path to take? • Focus on aggregate growth –high growth with mass poverty…the Indian model • Or, focus on inclusive and sustainable growth – social protection as a major component of its growth strategy – invest in human and physical infrastructure • It is your choice, prosperity for all or wealth for some…?