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Global youth  – islamic, canadian and bangladesh perspective

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Global youth  – islamic, canadian and bangladesh perspective

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Global youth  – islamic, canadian and bangladesh perspective

  1. 1. Global Youth – Islamic, Canadian and Bangladesh Perspective MFGO Exec Committee Tarek Ali Saturday Nov 18th 2017
  2. 2. •Global perspectives on Youth
  3. 3. Message from United Nations
  4. 4. Global perspective of the UN • https://www.un.org/development/desa/youth/international- youth-day-2017.html • as agents of change, young people are critical actors in conflict prevention and sustaining peace • current generation of youth are the largest in history • needs and aspirations of youth in matters of peace and security is a demographic imperative • When youth are excluded from political, economic and social spheres and processes, it can be a risk factor for violence and violent forms of conflict
  5. 5. Message from UN envoy
  6. 6. UNESCO perspective In 2015, there were 1.2 billion young people in the world, and more than 600 million lived in fragile and conflict-affected contexts. Young people carry the heaviest burdens of conflict and violence -- they are also essential for any lasting solution leading to peace. There are currently 1.8 billion young people between the ages of 10 and 24 in the world. This is the largest youth population ever. But 1 in 10 of the world’s children live in conflict zones and 24 million of them are out of school. Political instability, labour market challenges and limited space for political and civic participation have led to increasing isolation of youth in societies.
  7. 7. Youth global unemployment crisis • https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/09/theres-a-global- youth-unemployment-crisis-heres-what-we-can-do-about-it • The Economist estimates that there may be as many as 290 million 15-to-24-year-olds not participating in the labor market. These 290 million bright minds — a group almost as large as the U.S. population — could be making our communities stronger and bringing fresh solutions to the world’s biggest challenges. • There’s also a real skills gap. Even in developed economies, where enrollment in upper secondary schools is often near 100 percent, nearly one in five students do not acquire a minimum level of basic skills needed to be gainfully employed.
  8. 8. The Global Youth Wellbeing Index • https://www.youthindex.org/
  9. 9. World Bank opinion • http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press- release/2015/10/13/addressing-the-youth-employment- crisis-needs-urgent-global-action • One third of the world’s 1.8 billion young people are currently neither in employment, education or training. Of the one billion more youth that will enter the job market in the next decade, only 40 percent are expected to be able to get jobs that currently exist. • young people are by inclination more entrepreneurial than adults - and we now know that of all the interventions governments, private sector and civil society implement to address youth employment, providing support to early entrepreneurs is the most effective
  10. 10. Solution from Forbes - Alice Albright is chief executive officer of the Global Partnership for Education • https://www.forbes.com/sites/schoolboard/2017/08/11/how- education-can-solve-the-global-youth-unemployment- crisis/#6923b1f73bc6 • There’s abundant evidence that educating more girls leads to remarkable social, economic and health gains – and it can do much to reduce youth unemployment • Children living in crisis and conflict are more than twice as likely to be out of school compared with those in countries not affected by conflict • Cognitive development and learning in the first five years of a child’s life is crucial to ensure a strong foundation for learning • According to the Education Commission, investment in education needs to increase from $1.2 trillion per year today to $3 trillion by 2030
  11. 11. Youth empowerment • http://www.un.org/youthenvoy/2015/06/youth-empowerment- education-employment-key-future-development/ • To realize the dividend, countries must invest in the empowerment, education and employment of their young people. There are 1.8 billion young people in the world today, representing a staggering amount of human potential. • “The more young people grow into well-educated adults with fewer dependants and new opportunities to acquire wealth, savings and purchasing power, the more they will be able to accelerate economic growth and development,” • Also essential is “empowering women and girls, and ensuring their sexual and reproductive health and human rights,” “This would enable them to determine when and whom to marry and the number of their children.” When women and girls are able to make these decisions, they are better able to complete their educations and pursue jobs.
  12. 12. Success stories of empowerment
  13. 13. •Canadian perspectives on Youth
  14. 14. Youth Depression in Canada • https://globalnews.ca/news/3065827/major-depression-is- on-the-rise-in-youth-especially-teenage-girls-study/ • a growing number of youth grappling with mental health concerns aren’t receiving treatment for their symptoms and that the onus for awareness and outreach falls on college campuses, pediatric practices and high schools to change the landscape • Up to 20 per cent — or one in five — of young Canadians are affected by a mental illness or disorder
  15. 15. Blue Whale and similar horrors • https://globalnews.ca/news/3413531/blue-whale-suicide- challenge/ • That is how the game begins. It’s a disturbing one and it’s called the “Blue Whale challenge.” It has teens completing a number of tasks over a 50-day period, the last one being to kill yourself. This is the newest twist to suicide pacts that are being shared among vulnerable teens online. • “That pressure to one up, around something that is risky behaviour. The teen brain, just so you know, is wired to take risks at this time” Shafer said, adding adolescents can be naive and may think they’re invincible.
  16. 16. Youth bullying in Canada • http://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en/gazette/whats-biggest-social-issue- facing-youth-your-community • In a world where everything evolves and is fluid, our perceptions of bullying must change as well. Bullying is no longer something that can be observed in the school cafeteria; it's invisible. It's on your phone, Facebook, Twitter, computer — it's everywhere and there's often no escape. As a youth from the millennial generation, I can tell you that bullying isn't only common, it's a crisis. • The most powerful role in this situation is that of the bystander. The bystander has the potential to help alleviate the situation or to worsen it. Sadly, many teens often choose the easier route and submit to the peer pressure. We need to empower students from a young age to stand up. Not simply by wearing a pink shirt on Feb. 25th, but by reporting bullies and supporting victims.
  17. 17. Youth anxiety in Canada • https://globalnews.ca/news/530141/young-minds-stress- anxiety-plaguing-canadian-youth/ • Young Canadians are suffering from rising levels of anxiety, stress, depression and even suicide. Close to 20 per cent – or one in five – have a mental health issue. • “You don’t suddenly make up for not talking to your kids for six months by going away for a week to Disney World. It’s the day-to-day serve and return that makes a big difference,” • parents need to help their kids find that balance, provide them with tools such as problem solving, conflict resolution and building a thick skin to help cope with roadblocks in life
  18. 18. Teens talk about stress
  19. 19. Canada’s youth stopping bullying • https://globalnews.ca/news/1677861/how-canadas-youth- are-using-social-media-to-put-an-end-to-bullying/ • Launched in 2011, Toronto’s Kate Whitfield’s Fearlessly Girl initiative uses Facebook to unite and inspire young women across the country by providing girls with a space to come together, share stories, discuss important topics and make friends • The campaign’s newest initiative is their anti-bullying movement FearlesslyKind, which offers school assembly programs and classroom curriculum in hopes of igniting a movement of kindness and compassion among girls in schools across Canada, “putting an end to the devastating effects of girl-against-girl bullying.”
  20. 20. Lester Pearson • Under this flag may our youth find new inspiration for loyalty to Canada; for a patriotism based not on any mean or narrow nationalism, but on the deep and equal pride that all Canadians will feel for every part of this good land.
  21. 21. •Bangladesh perspectives on Youth
  22. 22. Bangladesh youth success stories
  23. 23. Some challenges • http://www.thedailystar.net/adolescents-and-young-people-of- bangladesh-54257 • Bangladesh has an adolescent and youth population of approximately 52 million, amounting to 1/3rd of the country's total population. • The lack of access to high quality education, absence of decent work opportunities for youth, the unavailability of comprehensive health including sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, the exclusion and marginalization from civic participation and policies and laws which act against the best interest of young people are but a few challenges which they have to contend with on a regular basis. • As articulated by Mr. Ban Ki-Moon at the First Global Forum on Youth Policies in Azerbaijan, 'the leaders of tomorrow must be heard today' and we in Bangladesh need to pay close attention what Bangladeshi youth are telling us and invest in their 'today' so that their 'tomorrow' is one which is more equal, just and fair for all, especially for young girls.
  24. 24. Thoughts of the new generation – Dhaka tribune survey • http://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/2017/05/28/youth-2017- thoughts-new-generation/ • This spirit of optimism was aptly captured in a youth survey in which 84.37% of respondents have said they feel optimistic, to varying degrees, about achieving their personal goals in life, and 47% are very optimistic about it. • 55% of respondents aged 18 – 22 have said they are very optimistic. The corresponding percentage for those aged 23 – 30 was 46% and for those aged 30 – 40 was 35%, which, not surprisingly, shows optimism declining with age. • According to a recent youth survey by the Bangla Tribune, 65.5% of respondents have said they prefer watching local TV channels to foreign ones. When asked if they think Indian channels are harmful to our culture, 77.3% of respondents said yes.
  25. 25. Survey continued - • A nationwide survey by Bangla Tribune has revealed that 83% of respondents use the internet and a whopping 76% use it on mobile phones. Only 11% use internet on desktops, eight percent on laptops and less than three percent on tablets. • The survey asked its 2,400 respondents if they are aware that many non-Muslim writers were removed from the Bengali textbooks, despite being prominent writers in Bengali literature. • 47% of respondents have said they do not know enough about the issue while 32% do not know anything about it and 13% aren’t concerned about it.
  26. 26. Survey continued - • A Bangla Tribune survey on Bangladeshi youth asked 2,400 respondents to choose the factor that most influences their identity from the following options: Nationality, language and/or culture, religion, family, profession, or other. • The majority, 48.21%, has picked nationality. • Religious identity was a distant second at 17%, followed by linguistic/cultural identity at 12%. • Among different age groups, the 18-22-year group was most likely to choose nationality over other elements of identity (52%). Among different professions, homemakers were the highest, 20%, albeit marginally, to choose religious identity as the most important. • Bangla Tribune’s recent survey of 2,400 people between 18 and 40 years of age, in which 45% of respondents have said they feel that militancy is the biggest national concern, followed by 25% who think employment and jobs are the biggest concerns.
  27. 27. With climate change driving child marriage risks, Bangladesh fights back • https://www.reuters.com/article/us-climatechange-bangladesh- youth/with-climate-change-driving-child-marriage-risks- bangladesh-fights-back-idUSKBN1A51UA • Across Bangladesh, more than 4,000 youth clubs have been set up which gather young people regularly to listen to radio broadcasts on human rights issues, health, nutrition and other topics, and then discuss the issues. • Bangladesh in February passed a Child Marriage Restraint Act, which bans marriage of girls under 18 - a significant change in a country where 18 percent of girls are married before 15 and more than half by 18, according to a 2016 UNICEF study.
  28. 28. Untold stories seen through the Prism of youth: child journalists in Bangladesh • https://www.theguardian.com/global- development/2016/apr/29/bangladesh-prism-untold-stories- child-journalists • Arju Mony Dristy is among more than 100 young people recruited as volunteers for a video news service, Prism, in a partnership between Unicef, the UN’s children’s agency, and the online news agency BDnews24.com. • “We are used to seeing polished presentation but these videos, produced by children, are raw, which brings an additional sweetness,” • Compiling the reports also enables critical thinking among the young people, which will make them better professionals if they pursue a career in journalism, says Toufique Imrose Khalidi, editor in chief of BDnews24.com. “The boys and girls are learning how to raise questions,” he says.
  29. 29. Shaheed Minar at Narayanganj
  30. 30. ঢাকার দুঃখ আবর্জ না
  31. 31. 75pc youths optimistic about future of Bangladesh • http://www.thedailystar.net/frontpage/young-people-optimistic- about-future-140539 September 10, 2015 • Seventy-five percent of Bangladeshi youths see the country as a more prosperous nation in the next 15 years and 60 percent think it is heading in the right direction, a survey has found. • According to the study, the major problems faced by Bangladeshi youths are political instability (54 percent), poor transport system (41 percent), electricity crisis (39 percent), inflation (33 percent), increasing corruption (32 percent) and lack of job opportunities (32 percent). • The study also found that 98 percent youths considered an honest and responsive government as important. Security was considered as a key important issue by 96 percent and finding employment by 95 percent.
  32. 32. Age considers; youth ventures. Rabindranath Tagore
  33. 33. •Islamic perspectives on Youth
  34. 34. The Messenger of Allah (s.w.a.) has said: “Surely Allah loves that young person who spends his youth in the obedience of Allah, the Most High.” The Messenger of Allah (s.w.a.) has said: “There is nothing more beloved to Allah, the High, than a young person who repents (for his sins); and there is nothing more detested in the sight of Allah, the High, than an old person who perpetuates in disobeying Him.”
  35. 35. Special Reminder to Youth in Islam ᴴᴰ *Powerful Reminder*
  36. 36. • Ibn Mas'ud narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: • "The feet of the son of Adam shall not move from before his Lord on the Day of Judgement, until he is asked about five things: about his life and what he did with it, about his youth and what he wore it out in, about his wealth and how he earned it and spent it upon, and what he did with what he knew."
  37. 37. The Challenge of Muslim Youth – PM Razak of Malaysia • http://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/15/opinion/global/the- challenge-of-muslim-youth.html • The Arab awakening was driven by youth, organized by technology, and fired by a hunger for political change. • The underrepresentation of youth in the economy created conditions in which tensions could grow — tensions that were fanned by a lack of political reform. • In 2010, youth unemployment in the Middle East was 25 percent; in North Africa, 24 percent. Such levels are toxic. When young people lack opportunity, they grow restless. • Economic and political reform can give young people what they aspire to: a future defined by opportunity, not dependency. It is time to realize the hidden wealth of Muslim nations.
  38. 38. Problems of the Second Generation: To be Young, Muslim, and American • https://www.brookings.edu/articles/problems-of-the-second-generation-to- be-young-muslim-and-american/ • For Muslims today, the drama involves not so much overcoming poverty and educational deficits but adapting to a society whose values are sharply at odds with their religious heritage. Among Muslim-American youth, especially since 9/11, this has led to heightened criticism and suspicion of U.S. government policies at home and abroad. More generally, it has resulted in a hard-edged identity politics that has encouraged some young Muslims to define themselves not only in opposition to the government but to American society and culture. • Among many Muslim-American youth, there is self-conscious rejection of their parents’ easygoing, traditionalist understanding of Islam, inevitably suffused with the customs of their homeland. The youthful response is frequent invocations of the ummah, the worldwide community of Muslims that ideally transcends all barriers of ethnicity, race, and nationality.
  39. 39. The challenge of anger among young Muslims in America 2009 • https://www.soundvision.com/article/the-challenge-of-anger-among-young- muslims-in-america • Only 40 percent of Muslim youth surveyed by Gallup considered themselves to be “thriving” as compared to 61 percent of Protestants and 53 percent of the general U.S. population. That is the lowest level among all youth groups surveyed. • Islamophobia clearly seems to be playing a role in shaping the attitudes of young Muslims. According to one Zogby international poll, 75 percent of young Muslims said they or someone they know has been discriminated against. • These pressures and the resulting anger may explain why Muslim youth are the most disengaged among all the youth groups surveyed by Gallup when it comes to voting. Young Muslim Americans are the lowest percentage of any youth group registered to vote. • It seems as if a good number of Muslims are concerned about this issue of youth and radicalism as well. A Pew survey question asked respondents “how concerned are you about the rise of Islamic extremism in the U.S.” Thirty-six percent said “very concerned” and 25 percent reported being “somewhat concerned”.
  40. 40. Muslim Sheroes of Minnesota: Meet Danyal Masoud
  41. 41. • The Messenger of Allah (s.w.a.) has said: “There is nothing more beloved to Allah, the High, than a young person who repents (for his sins); and there is nothing more detested in the sight of Allah, the High, than an old person who perpetuates in disobeying Him.” • The Messenger of Allah (s.w.a.) has said: “The best of your youth are those who resemble your old people and the worst of your old people are those who resemble your young people.”
  42. 42. A Muslim's Pain | Short Film
  43. 43. My humble opinion • All countries face similar challenges for youth, and similar solutions can be considered. • Youth is our hope for the future. • Youth are our greatest investment. • Youth and their guardians are mutually responsible for each other, in a sacrament of trust and faith. • We cannot overburden our youth, nor should we leave them to their own devices. • Islam elevates everyone including the status of youth, while stressing the obligations and responsibility of youth. • Allah has special love for youth of faith and Deen.
  44. 44. Jazak Allah Khair • Questions / comments?

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