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Graphic organizers


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Graphic organizers

  1. 1. GRAPHIC/ADVANCE ORGANIZERS by: April Rose S. Figueras
  2. 2. A visual/pictorial way of constructing knowledge and organizing information in facilitating learning and instruction. Visual formats are appealing for many types of audiences and can provoke interest for users than texts formats. What is a graphic/advance organizer?
  3. 3. "Graphic organizers are tools that help your brain think." Kylene Beers
  4. 4. Ausubel’s Meaningful Verbal Learning/Subsumption Learning Theory says that knowledge is hierarchically organized – new information is meaningful to the extent that it can be related (attached, andchored) to what is already known. Garner’s Theory of Mulitiple Intelligence posits that students are better able to learn and internalize information when more than one learning modality is employed in an instructional strategy. Related to the constructivist approach and concept teaching Less is more-depth is more. Philosophies and Proponents:
  5. 5. Graphic/ Advance organizers Visual/pictorial presentation of concepts and knowledge Facilitates teaching and learning processes (based on researches) Applicable to all level of education and across curriculum areas Show positive outcomes which go beyond comprehension and reading (based on reaserch)
  6. 6. Graphic organizers constructivist interactive innovative integrativecollaborative Inquiry based varied experimental
  7. 7. Concept mapping – visual representation of the relationship between ideas. Webbing – students will see how their central idea is linked to supporting details. Mind mapping – visual representation of hierarchical information. Most common visual learning strategies:
  8. 8. Before instruction – teacher must give concise direction of what to do using a graphic organizer During instruction – students are in the process of constructing ideas, concepts and knowledge. After instruction – can be used by teachers to assess and evaluate the learner’s level of knowledge about the lesson. When can graphic organizers be used?
  9. 9. Teacher does it – teacher constructs the graphic organizer, provides students a copy, and uses it when teaching the content. Class does it – teacher and students co-construct graphic organizers depicting important ideas as the content is explored. Groups do it – teams of students construct graphic organizers via cooperative learning and the teacher acts as a guide-on-the-side. Individuals do it – students independently construct graphic organizers. Four Stages for Enabling Students to Construct Graphic Organizers
  10. 10. Organizing patterns Organizational outline Idea web cyclical Overlapping concepts Cause-effect timeline Venn diagram Reading comprehension KWL chart Author tools What’s the main idea? Story Elements: Character Analysis and Setting Character sheet and traits list Character comparison on sheet Setting stage Setting comparison Types:
  11. 11. Advantages of graphic organizers to teachers: A quick reference when presenting lessons Used to structure lesson notes in a way that make sense to students Helps in assessing your students understanding of what they are reading observe their thinking process on what you read as a class, as a group, or independently
  12. 12. Advantages of graphic organizers to students: Helps you to structure writing projects, to help in problem solving, decision making, studying, planning research and brainstorming. Increases your understanding about the topic help students construct meaning
  13. 13. grade level point of implementation instructional context ease of implementation Factors Influencing Effectiveness
  14. 14. have been applied across a range of curriculum subject areas such as studied application, science, social studies, language arts, and math Operations such as mapping cause and effect, note taking, comparing and contrasting concepts, organizing problems and solutions, and relating information to main ideas or themes can be beneficial to many subject areas. The observed benefits in these subject areas go beyond those known to occur in reading comprehension (Bulgren, Schumaker, & Deshler, 1988; Darch, Carnine, & Kammenui, 1986; Herl, O'Neil, Chung, & Schacter, 1999; Applications Across Curriculum Areas
  15. 15. Without teacher instruction on how to use them, graphic organizers may not be effective learning tools (Carnes et al. 1987; Clements-Davis & Ley, 1991). Graphic organizers can successfully improve learning when there is a substantive instructional context such as explicit instruction incorporating teacher modeling (Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Gardill & Jitendra, 1999; Idol & Croll, 1987; Willerman & Mac Harg, 1991) and independent practice with feedback (Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Gardill & Jitendra, 1999; Idol & Croll, 1987), strategy instruction (Anderson-Inman et al., 1996; Boyle & Weishaar, 1997; Darch et al., 1986; Scanlon, Instructional Context
  16. 16. can be successfully implemented at several phases of the instructional cycle Positive outcomes were reported with the use of graphic organizers Point of Implementation
  17. 17. Visualize the general concept and break it down into manageable, specific ideas. Analyze the correlation between two ideas or themes. Structure their writing projects better and make the entire process easier. Communicate their ideas. Visually represent their thinking process. Explore all possible options by brainstorming. Determine the validity, relevance, and correlation of evidence. Enhance understanding when reading and writing. Easily identify the main elements of a composition. Evaluate cause and effect. Compare and contrast ideas. Implement problem solving skills Enhance organizational skills Expand their vocabulary. Recognize sequences, hierarchies, and patterns. Advantages to the Students:
  18. 18. When students use graphic organizers, the teacher has a better understanding of the student’s level of understanding. This makes it easy to offer suggestions and point out areas of improvement. Teachers can also use a completed advance organizer as a quick reference when presenting the lesson. This method provides a reminder of the lesson for the students, as they review notes later. Teachers can use advance organizers to structure their lesson notes in a way that makes sense to the students. This way the teacher knows how the student’s notes should look, as well. Advantages to the Teachers:
  19. 19. -End- Thank you!