©2013 Lori Roggman
An Observational Measure of
Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting
Presentation by Lori A. Rogg...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Copyright © 2013 by Lori A. Roggman, Gina A. Cook, Mark S. Innocenti, and
Vonda Jump Norman. All rights...
©2013 Lori Roggman
2 questions
1. What is PICCOLO?
2. How can PICCOLO be used with families?
©2013 Lori Roggman
What is PICCOLO?
Parenting Interactions with Children:
Checklist of Observations Linked to
Outcomes
Mea...
©2013 Lori Roggman
PICCOLO is a measure of
Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting
in 4 domains
AffectionAffection
...
©2013 Lori Roggman
What is Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting?
Parenting that helps children develop •
Parenti...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Social: security, self-regulation, relationships
Cognitive: exploration, reasoning
Language: communicat...
©2013 Lori Roggman
PICCOLO identifies parenting behaviors that
support early child development.
PICCOLO shows what parents...
©2013 Lori Roggman
What do practitioners say about PICCOLO?
It’s easy to learn.
It highlights parents’ skills.
©2013 Lori Roggman
What is PICCOLO like?
Brief: requires only a 10-minute observation
Specific: has 29 behavior descriptio...
©2013 Lori Roggman
How was PICCOLO developed?
Data & video from the Early Head Start
Research & Evaluation Project
New obs...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Cultural Considerations
PICCOLO was tested in 3 ethnic groups:
• European American
• African American
•...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Reliable:
Independent observers rate PICCOLO items similarly
Valid:
PICCOLO scores are correlated with ...
©2013 Lori Roggman
PICCOLO predicts child outcomes*
Cognitive
Bayley Mental Development Index at age 3
Woodcock-Johnson Pr...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Each PICCOLO domain has
7-8 behavior items
©2013 Lori Roggman
PICCOLO Scoring
0 – Absent - no behavior observed
1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior
2 – C...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Each PICCOLO item has
observation guidelines
*See PICCOLO tool for all items and guidelines.
©2013 Lori Roggman
Each PICCOLO item has
additional observation notes
*See PICCOLO User’s Guide for additional observation...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Scoring PICCOLO is simple
1. Sum the item scores to get a domain score.
2. Sum the domain scores to get...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Domain 1:
AffectionAffection
Definition:Definition: Warmth, physical closeness, and
positive expression...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Sample AffectionAffection items
0 – Absent - no behavior observed
1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emergin...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Domain 2:
ResponsivenessResponsiveness
Definition:Definition: Responding to child’s cues, emotions,
wor...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Sample ResponsivenessResponsiveness items
0 – Absent - no behavior observed
1 – Barely - brief, minor, ...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Domain 3:
EncouragementEncouragement
DefinitionDefinition:: Active support of child’s exploration, effo...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Sample EncouragementEncouragement items
0 – Absent - no behavior observed
1 – Barely - brief, minor, or...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Domain 4:
TeachingTeaching
Definition:Definition: Shared conversation and play,
cognitive stimulation, ...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Sample TeachingTeaching items
0 – Absent - no behavior observed
1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging ...
©2013 Lori Roggman
How can PICCOLO
be used with Families?
©2013 Lori Roggman
PICCOLO observations
10 minute observation
“Live” scoring
• score PICCOLO while observing
Video scoring...
©2013 Lori Roggman
When you use PICCOLO with parents
be. . .
Positive: Emphasize what parents do well and
often
Practical:...
©2013 Lori Roggman
What does PICCOLO tell you
about parenting?
1. What a mother can do to support her child’s
development
...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Thanks!Thanks!
We are grateful to the parents and children in the
observations used to develop PICCOLO ...
©2013 Lori Roggman
Thanks for joining us!
To order:
www.brookespublishing.com
1-888-638-3775
To learn more:
http://www.bro...
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How PICCOLO™ Can Help You Work More Effectively with Parents of Young Children

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Identify important parenting behaviors that support child development with the new Parenting Interactions with Children: Checklist of Observations Linked to Outcomes (PICCOLO™). With this easy-to-use checklist of 29 parenting behaviors in 4 critical domains—Affection, Responsiveness, Encouragement, and Teaching— home visitors and parent educators can determine where parents’ skills are the strongest and where they need support.

Join tool co-developer Lori Roggman in this free, 45-minute webinar to discover how the PICCOLO can help you provide positive feedback to parents, develop interventions to help parents build skills, and track the positive outcomes of your parent support program.

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How PICCOLO™ Can Help You Work More Effectively with Parents of Young Children

  1. 1. ©2013 Lori Roggman An Observational Measure of Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting Presentation by Lori A. Roggman, Ph.D
  2. 2. ©2013 Lori Roggman Copyright © 2013 by Lori A. Roggman, Gina A. Cook, Mark S. Innocenti, and Vonda Jump Norman. All rights reserved.   Distributed by Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc. For ordering information, call 1- 800-638-3775 or 410-337-9580; visit www.brookespublishing.com; or write to Brookes Publishing Co., P.O. Box 10624, Baltimore, Maryland 21285, U.S.A.   Licensed for educational exhibition only in accord with Section 110 of the U.S. Copyright Act. Any broadcasting, copying, or other use without permission of Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., Inc., is strictly prohibited. Measurement development funded by ACYF Grant # 90YF0050 and Utah State University
  3. 3. ©2013 Lori Roggman 2 questions 1. What is PICCOLO? 2. How can PICCOLO be used with families?
  4. 4. ©2013 Lori Roggman What is PICCOLO? Parenting Interactions with Children: Checklist of Observations Linked to Outcomes Measure of parenting interactions with children age 1 to 3 Developed at Utah State University by Lori A. Roggman Gina A. Cook Mark S. Innocenti Vonda Jump Norman Katie Christiansen
  5. 5. ©2013 Lori Roggman PICCOLO is a measure of Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting in 4 domains AffectionAffection ResponsivenessResponsiveness EncouragementEncouragement TeachingTeaching
  6. 6. ©2013 Lori Roggman What is Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting? Parenting that helps children develop • Parenting that develops over time Parenting that parents may need help to develop
  7. 7. ©2013 Lori Roggman Social: security, self-regulation, relationships Cognitive: exploration, reasoning Language: communication, vocabulary Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting is a set of parenting behaviors that research shows to support 3 areas of child development: What is Developmental ParentingDevelopmental Parenting?
  8. 8. ©2013 Lori Roggman PICCOLO identifies parenting behaviors that support early child development. PICCOLO shows what parents are comfortable doing and think is important to do. PICCOLO can help early childhood practitioners provide encouraging feedback about positive parenting. Why use PICCOLO ?
  9. 9. ©2013 Lori Roggman What do practitioners say about PICCOLO? It’s easy to learn. It highlights parents’ skills.
  10. 10. ©2013 Lori Roggman What is PICCOLO like? Brief: requires only a 10-minute observation Specific: has 29 behavior descriptions Practical: helps guide program planning Reliable: observers usually agree Valid: predicts good child outcomes
  11. 11. ©2013 Lori Roggman How was PICCOLO developed? Data & video from the Early Head Start Research & Evaluation Project New observations of over 4,500 video clips from over 2,000 families in 16 communities across the US. 29 items with best reliability and validity from over 100 items
  12. 12. ©2013 Lori Roggman Cultural Considerations PICCOLO was tested in 3 ethnic groups: • European American • African American • Latino American PICCOLO observers of multiple ethnicities rated video observations within and across ethnic groups. PICCOLO is reliable and valid within each group.
  13. 13. ©2013 Lori Roggman Reliable: Independent observers rate PICCOLO items similarly Valid: PICCOLO scores are correlated with similar measures PICCOLO scores predict children’s development PICCOLO is . . .
  14. 14. ©2013 Lori Roggman PICCOLO predicts child outcomes* Cognitive Bayley Mental Development Index at age 3 Woodcock-Johnson Problem Solving Subscale at age 5 Language Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at ages 3 & 5 Woodcock-Johnson Letter-Word Subscale at age 5 Social-Emotional Bayley Behavior Rating of Emotion Regulation at age 3 Child Behavior Checklist of Aggression at ages 3 & 5 * References for measures are in the PICCOLO User’s Guide
  15. 15. ©2013 Lori Roggman Each PICCOLO domain has 7-8 behavior items
  16. 16. ©2013 Lori Roggman PICCOLO Scoring 0 – Absent - no behavior observed 1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior 2 – Clearly - definite, strong, or frequent behavior Absent Barely Clearly 0 1 2
  17. 17. ©2013 Lori Roggman Each PICCOLO item has observation guidelines *See PICCOLO tool for all items and guidelines.
  18. 18. ©2013 Lori Roggman Each PICCOLO item has additional observation notes *See PICCOLO User’s Guide for additional observation notes.
  19. 19. ©2013 Lori Roggman Scoring PICCOLO is simple 1. Sum the item scores to get a domain score. 2. Sum the domain scores to get a PICCOLO score 3. Higher item and domain scores are strengths. *See PICCOLO User’s Guide for average domain scores by age.
  20. 20. ©2013 Lori Roggman Domain 1: AffectionAffection Definition:Definition: Warmth, physical closeness, and positive expressions toward child.
  21. 21. ©2013 Lori Roggman Sample AffectionAffection items 0 – Absent - no behavior observed 1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior 2 – Clearly - definite, strong, or frequent behavior
  22. 22. ©2013 Lori Roggman Domain 2: ResponsivenessResponsiveness Definition:Definition: Responding to child’s cues, emotions, words, interests, and behaviors.
  23. 23. ©2013 Lori Roggman Sample ResponsivenessResponsiveness items 0 – Absent - no behavior observed 1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior 2 – Clearly - definite, strong, or frequent behavior
  24. 24. ©2013 Lori Roggman Domain 3: EncouragementEncouragement DefinitionDefinition:: Active support of child’s exploration, effort, skills, initiative, curiosity, creativity, and play.
  25. 25. ©2013 Lori Roggman Sample EncouragementEncouragement items 0 – Absent - no behavior observed 1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior 2 – Clearly - definite, strong, or frequent behavior
  26. 26. ©2013 Lori Roggman Domain 4: TeachingTeaching Definition:Definition: Shared conversation and play, cognitive stimulation, explanations, and questions.
  27. 27. ©2013 Lori Roggman Sample TeachingTeaching items 0 – Absent - no behavior observed 1 – Barely - brief, minor, or emerging behavior 2 – Clearly - definite, strong, or frequent behavior
  28. 28. ©2013 Lori Roggman How can PICCOLO be used with Families?
  29. 29. ©2013 Lori Roggman PICCOLO observations 10 minute observation “Live” scoring • score PICCOLO while observing Video scoring • record and score PICCOLO later • recommended for discussion
  30. 30. ©2013 Lori Roggman When you use PICCOLO with parents be. . . Positive: Emphasize what parents do well and often Practical: Ask when parents can do more of these behaviors as part of their regular activities Culturally sensitive: Ask parents what kinds of parenting interactions are important to them
  31. 31. ©2013 Lori Roggman What does PICCOLO tell you about parenting? 1. What a mother can do to support her child’s development 2. What a mother believes is important to do 3. What a mother is comfortable doing 4. What a mother knows how to do with her child
  32. 32. ©2013 Lori Roggman Thanks!Thanks! We are grateful to the parents and children in the observations used to develop PICCOLO and to the Early Head Start Research Consortium and the Head Start Bureau for making video recorded observations available for research. PICCOLO development was supported by Administration for Children Youth & Families Grant #90YF0050 and a Utah State University Community/University Research Initiative grant. Additional PICCOLO team members: James Akers, Cora Price, LauraMichele Gardner, Sheila Anderson, Krista Gurko PICCOLO Program Partners: Bear River Head Start, Logan, UT. Davis Early Head Start, Layton, UT, Guadalupe Schools Early Childhood Program, Salt Lake City, UT
  33. 33. ©2013 Lori Roggman Thanks for joining us! To order: www.brookespublishing.com 1-888-638-3775 To learn more: http://www.brookespublishing.com/resource-center/screening-and-as For more information on PICCOLO

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