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Sra Oa Arma

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Sra Oa Arma

  1. 1. Open Access Publication: the University Perspective Dr Ian M Carter Director of Research and Enterprise University of Sussex Chair Association of Research Managers and Administrators (UK)
  2. 2. Institutional Attitudes, Strategies and Policies <ul><li>Reasons for Supporting Open Access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional purpose to disseminate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding obligation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approaches to publication and dissemination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active versus laissez-faire; publication strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget for dissemination? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Positions of key individuals, level of integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VP / PVC Research; Librarian; Director of Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Levels of awareness </li></ul>
  3. 3. Drivers and Inhibitors <ul><li>Funder mandates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A range of funders now mandate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But variable across subject areas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research management and profile; researcher needs; research communication </li></ul><ul><li>External assessment / metrics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation rates (not journal impact factors) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Economics <ul><li>Shifts costs from consumer to producer </li></ul><ul><li>OA charges are an additional cost </li></ul><ul><li>Other publication (subscription) charges continue </li></ul><ul><li>So how can it be funded? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Funding OA <ul><li>Direct cost during the life of a project </li></ul><ul><li>Specific additional funding (e.g. Wellcome Trust) </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect cost of research after the project </li></ul><ul><li>But indirect costs are not usually funded at 100% </li></ul><ul><li>Needs an institutional budget line </li></ul><ul><li>But that is in competition with other things: staff costs, infrastructure to do research, compliance / governance requirements </li></ul><ul><li>And the relationship with the Library budget … </li></ul>
  6. 6. Approaches <ul><li>Ignore / wait and see </li></ul><ul><li>Devolve responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Create an institutional budget </li></ul><ul><li>Establish policies and clear procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out awareness raising and provide proactive support </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a repository </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who takes the lead? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What should it contain? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is the information integrated and used? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is deposition mandated? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Current Studies <ul><li>Research Councils UK: Study on Open Access to Research Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Universities UK: Open Access and the Payment of Publication Fees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surveying UK researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathering information from institutions around the UK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting out to define best practices for managing funds for OA </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>SHERPA JULIET (funder policies) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/juliet/ </li></ul><ul><li>SHERPA ROMEO (publisher copyright policies) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo </li></ul><ul><li>RIN Briefing Note on Payment of Publication Fees </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rin.ac.uk/files/Briefing%20Note%201%20-%20Payment%20of%20Publication%20Fees.pdf </li></ul>
  9. 9. Open Access Publication: the University Perspective Dr Ian M Carter Director of Research and Enterprise University of Sussex Chair Association of Research Managers and Administrators (UK)
  10. 10. Open Access – the basics <ul><li>OA is where the full content can be freely and immediately accessed and reused in an unrestricted way </li></ul><ul><li>Route to OA: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publication in OA or “hybrid” journal (Gold) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deposit in OA repository (Green) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OA costs: <$1,000 to >$6,000; typically c$3,000 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Compliance analysis – May 2007 91% (n=255) of articles were published in a journal that would have allowed them to comply with the Trust’s mandate
  12. 12. Range of costs of OA publication n=220 articles Range: £350 - £3,436 Mean: £1290 Mode: £1,500
  13. 13. Publishers and prices: examples $3250 iOpenAccess Taylor and Francis $3000 Open Choice Springer $3000 Sage Open Sage £1000-£2500 RSC Open Science Royal Society of Chemistry $278-400 and $16 per page for first 6-10 pages, $93 per page thereafter EXIS Open Choice Royal Society $3250 iOpenAccess Routledge £1700 Engineering Open Choice Professional Engineering Publishing (IME) $1500-$2800 Oxford Open Oxford University Press $3000 Sponsorship Option Elsevier $2700 Cambridge Open Cambridge University Press $2220-$3145 BMJ Unlocked British Medical Journal Publishing $2600 Online Open Blackwell $975-$1300 Free to Read American Physical Society $1500-$2500 Author Select American Institute of Physics $3000 Author Choice American Chemical Society Price OA option Publisher

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