VTC 2017 Fall, industry track panel keynote presentation by Attila Takacs on Drone Traffic Management over Mobile Networks.
Technology Challenges in Enabling Safe Drones in Urban Environments Panel Summary—Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) are a profoundly disruptive technology poised to impact positively and substantially several industries. UAVs will reshape economic, social, security, environmental and political landscapes over the decades to come with PwC predicting that the addressable market value of drone powered solutions is over $127 billion. Current Air traffic control (ATC) systems cannot scale sufficiently to include UAV and provide command, control and communications (C3) infrastructure. NASA, with assistance from a confederation of industrial affiliates and partners, is developing an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) Traffic Management (UTM) system to facilitate a framework for low altitude UAV operations and this is also being addressed at global level by GUTMA (Global UTM Association). It is envisioned that terrestrial cellular infrastructure will also provide coverage and C3 services to UAVs to enable beyond visual line-of-sight (BVLOS) operations. There are several challenges from a communications perspective in integrating UAVs to the terrestrial cellular network and to ensure their coexistence with terrestrial, commercial cellular users. Low altitude UAV operational complexities and traffic management, detect-and-avoid (DAA) challenges in urban and suburban environments, enabling end-to-end security, remote identification and tracking, acute differences in propagation conditions and interference patterns between terrestrial base stations and UAVs compared with terrestrial mobiles, higher mobility and velocity, stringent obligations in reliability and safety, ultra-low latency link for C3 are some of the elemental themes that require convincing answers. We discuss core principles in communications, UTM, end-to-end security and DAA to facilitate safe integration of UAVs into National Air Space.