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Drones and their Increasing Number of Applications

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These slides use concepts from my (Jeff Funk) course entitled analyzing hi-tech opportunities to analyze how drones are becoming economic feasible for an increasing number of applications as their costs fall. The costs of drones are falling as the costs of various ICs (controllers, GPS) and MEMS sensors rapidly fall, their performance rises (e.g., accuracy of GPS) and as the cost of carbon fibers fall at a somewhat slower pace than do ICs and MEMS. These falling costs are making drones economically feasible for a number of applications such as producing movies, TV reporting, surveillance, and delivery.

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Drones and their Increasing Number of Applications

  1. 1. Drones Technology and Entrepreneurship Opportunities MT5009 Analyzing Hi-Tech Opportunities Bian Zhiwei A0110169N Chang Chiew Yuen A0098596A Matthew Peloso A0001558M Wang Gao A0110164Y Gao Liang A0119183E
  2. 2. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  3. 3. You bought something in Amazon, then waiting for delivery guy?
  4. 4. What is drone? Drones: formally known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Essentially, a drone is an aircraft without a human pilot aboard; a flying robot Historically, UAVs were simple remotely piloted aircraft, but autonomous control is increasingly being employed. Its flight is controlled either autonomously by onboard computers or by the remote control of a pilot on the ground or in another vehicle.
  5. 5. Different Names Drone Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UAV Uninhabited Aerial Vehicle UAV Unmanned Aerial System UAS Remotely Piloted Vehicle RPV Remotely Piloted Aircraft RPA Remotely Piloted Aircraft System RPAS Remotely Operated Air Vehicles ROAV Micro Aerial Vehicle MAV
  6. 6. Different Types of Drones Micro-UAVs Biomimetic UAV Blimps or balloons Fixed-wing Drone Rotary-wing Drone
  7. 7. Scope of Drone UAS Category Max Takeoff Weight (kg) Range Category Micro 0.10 Close Range Mini W <10 Close Range Small 10-150 Close Range Medium Short 150-500 Short Range Medium 500-2000 Medium Range Large W >2000 Long Range
  8. 8. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  9. 9. Use of Drones Military Use Civilian Purposes “Nowadays, new laws and valuable commercial applications could spark a revolution in the civilian world.”
  10. 10. Civilian Use of Drones “The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) believes 30,000 drones could be over U.S. skies by 2020. UAVs will be the most dynamic growth sector of the world aerospace market this decade — with $89 billion spent over that time, according to a forecast by Teal Group.” “The FAA’s $64.4 billion funding bill passed in 2012 required the agency to fully integrate UAVs into the nation’s airspace by September 2015. Although privacy concerns have delayed the FAA’s first step — selecting test sites — the law has powerful friends on Capitol Hill, and the agency still is under the gun to meet the deadline.”
  11. 11. Civilian Use of Drones Lockheed Martin’s (NYSE:LMT) acquisition of UAV company Chandler/May is an early salvo in what could become a “drone war” among defense contractors seeking new revenue streams to offset hefty Pentagon budget cuts. Northrop Grumman (NYSE:NOC), Boeing (NYSE:BA) and privately held General Atomics are all major players in this market
  12. 12. What features does drone have? Unmanned, remote control Varieties of sizes, shapes and functions Portable and convenient Computer control: Precision Economic feasible Efficient
  13. 13. Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans, but we need humans to deal with uncertainty. It's this combination that interests me. People are running around, relying on intuition, and accidents happen. I want to make that go more smoothly. ‘Computers do things more precisely and faster than humans …’ Prof. Mary Cummings - 1e female US Navy F18 fighter jet pilot, landing on aircraft carriers (1988-1999) - Professor Aeronautics & Astronautics at MIT Univ. USA
  14. 14. How does it impact the society? Drone technology provides us with a totally different lifestyle in different aspects agriculture, goods delivery, photography, medical services, etc. Benefit Existing Work Dirty Work/ Dangerous Work Expensive Human Resource More efficient Work people were not able to do before Applications Possible Problem Human Rights Security Risk Invasion of Privacy Accident Regulation and Policy International standard? Territorial?
  15. 15. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  16. 16. Components of Drones Flight controllers / GPS integration Multirotor (eg. octocopter) revolving blades / control Battery storage / time of flight Gimbals for sensor payload mounts Lightweight materials, carbon fiber, etc. Components of Drones
  17. 17. Flight Controllers Flight controllers Improvements in technology Programmability GPS coordination Waypoints Why its important Does not require user Accuracy is improved Flexible scheduling and flight paths
  18. 18. Improvements in Flight Control GSP accuracy improvements More way-points programmable Source: http://ccar.colorado.edu/asen5050/projects/projects_2012/finch/finch_proj.html
  19. 19. Rotors Multi rotors Geometry of blades Weight of blade Number of drivers rotating blades Why its important Reduce failure rate via redundancy Greater balance, control
  20. 20. Falling cost of Material Carbon fibres drop in price
  21. 21. Mounting Gimbals (for sensors) Gimbals Mounting of sensors and payloads Movement counterbalance at sensor Why its important Achieve stability for sensing systems Major improvement on ability to gather accurate information (eg. no blur in filming)
  22. 22. Power Supplies Power unit that is more efficient Total time of flight increased Longer flying duration  wider coverage Larger Mass Supported More stability
  23. 23. Improvements in Energy Storage Improvements in Energy Density Same or lower cost
  24. 24. Sensors  Improved ICs and CCD’s  Smaller more precise sensors  Hyperspectral and spectral systems  Light-weight  Efficient in power consumption
  25. 25. Falling costs of IR cameras Less expensive, more accurate optical detectors Eg. cost of thermal cameras
  26. 26. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  27. 27. Reduced Cost of Drones Falling cost of the components Better ability to engineer those components into a working product Falling cost of Drones Technology Dimensions of measure Time / Period Changes Per Year Integrated Circuits Number of transistors per chip 1971-2011 38 % Power ICs Current Density 1993-2012 16.1 % Battery Storage Energy Density 2009-2014 ~ 8 % Price level 2013-2015 - 20 % Communication (GPS) Accuracy position per MB 1980-2013 ~ 20 % Processors Instructions per unit time 1979-2009 35.9 % Instructions per time and dollar 1979-2009 52.2 % Flight Controller Cost per unit (incl. software) 2010-2014 - 30 % Materials (Carbon fiber) Cost per kg 2005-2013 - 15 %
  28. 28. Reduced Cost of Drones Commercial drones price estimate to drop ~ 10% p.a. Technology Dimensions of measure Time / Period Changes Per Year Integrated Circuits Number of transistors per chip 1971-2011 38 % Power ICs Current Density 1993-2012 16.1 % Battery Storage Energy Density 2009-2014 ~ 8 % Price level 2013-2015 - 20 % Communication (GPS) Accuracy position per MB 1980-2013 ~ 20 % Processors Instructions per unit time 1979-2009 35.9 % Instructions per time and dollar 1979-2009 52.2 % Flight Controller Cost per unit (incl. software) 2010-2014 - 30 % Materials (Carbon fiber) Cost per kg 2005-2013 - 15 %
  29. 29. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  30. 30. What about here?
  31. 31. Current Commercial Platforms http://www.star-helicopters.com/aerialservices_aerialphotography.html http://airads.com/aerial-advertising-media-options/blimps/remote-controlled-blimps.html http://modelballoon.com/aerial.html Platform Price Mobility Launch time Operation team Helicopter $1500/hr Very Good Fast 5 to 10 Blimps $1000/day Good Slow 2 to 5 Balloon $200/hr Bad Slow 2 to 5
  32. 32. Drones for Media from aerial perspective Photography Filmmaking Sports Journalism
  33. 33. Why Drones are applicable ? New footage which is never or seldom seen before Small/Mobile/easy to carry Less expensive/cost efficient (as low as $15 per hour, 1 pilot is enough) Less dangerous to operate Fast to launch (5 to 15 mins) Easily hover in the air
  34. 34. Drones: Innovating Aerial Photography It can be cost up to 100 times as much to achieve the same shots with full-scale alternatives. The average traditional manned helicopter consumes roughly 129L of fuel per hour. By purchasing one or hiring a professional to help capture your photo with a drone. Drones typically take around 10 minutes to setup ready for filming and taking quality photos Drones can operate indoors and in tight locations They are much quieter than a full size helicopter Most come with a flight case or light carry bag and with the drone being light itself Drones are reliable whether at high or low temperature.
  35. 35. Drones: The future of filmmaking http://visual.ly/drones-future-filmmaking-0
  36. 36. Drones: Faster, Closer, Cheaper Drones were used in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi for filming skiing and snowboarding events They allow video to get closer to the athletes. More flexible than cable-suspended camera systems. http://wintergames.ap.org/latimes/article/sochi-drone-shooting-olympic-tv-not-terrorists http://skyvantage.co.uk/drone-filming-sochi-2014-winter-olympics/
  37. 37. Drones: Changing the way TV reporters work Offer a bird’s-eye view of news scenes Let journalists capture scenes that previously would be danger Help journalists overcome logistical hurdles Shots that once required a helicopter or a complicated set-up of gantries and wires are now achievable on a tight budget with drones. http://www.bbc.com/news/business-24712136 http://www.economist.com/news/international/21599800-drones-often-make-news-they-have-started-gathering-it-too-eyes-skies
  38. 38. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  39. 39. Drones for Civil Services Surveillance Security and safety Traffic monitoring Firefighting
  40. 40. Drones: Surveillance In Jan 2012, Federal Aviation Administration(FAA) has released 60 public entities and 12 private drone manufacturers to fly drones in US. FAA estimates as many as 30,000 drones could be flying in US in 2020. Surveillance at construction sites Ability to create more accurate 3D models in a very short time period Source: https://www.eff.org/issues/surveillance-drones
  41. 41. Drones: Security and safety Drone-aid search and rescue Emergency services, fire, EMS (emergency medical service) etc
  42. 42. Drones: Traffic monitoring Satellite monitoring (probably £100,000 a day) Drones monitoring (between £2,000 and £3,000 a day) Speed enforced by drones?
  43. 43. Drones: Traffic monitoring Mission #1: Roads Surface Condition Monitoring Mission #2: Highway Traffic Monitoring Mission #3: City Traffic Information and Management
  44. 44. Mission #1: Roads Surface Condition Monitoring Monitoring road icing and surface condition with respect to meteorological situation Prediction of danger traffic situations Gritting vehicles management
  45. 45. Mission #2: Highway Traffic Monitoring Providing real-time video information for traffic information system (e.g. car accidents, traffic jams, road work information, weather conditions) Characteristics: as quick as possible reaction on actual occurrence
  46. 46. Mission #3: City Traffic Information and Management Monitoring of city traffic situation Insist on traffic during morning and afternoon peak time Monitoring of critical areas (highway exits, cross-roads, …) Adaptive semaphore algorithms regarding actual situation
  47. 47. Drones Payload Electro-Optical/Infrared sensor (with ability see through clouds and fog) Surface temperature measurement system (thermal camera) High resolution camera in daylight condition, infrared imaging system in case of night operations Effective data processing of flow of moving vehicles Providing real-time video information for traffic information system (e.g. car accidents, traffic jams, road work information, weather conditions)
  48. 48. Available Drones: HAES Scanner Payload: 10 kg Range: 25 km Altitude: 1000 m Speed: 80 - 150 km/h Endurance: 2 hr
  49. 49. Drones: Firefighting Spraying or spreading a large payload to the targeted release point (like glided-guided bomb) with great precision Source: http://www.nitrofirex.com/?page_id=4&lang=en
  50. 50. Forest Fire Statistics in Spain In the last 20 years (1993 – 2012) Average annual fires 18 fires/Year Average number of aircraft used >160 Economic loss 307 mill €/Year
  51. 51. Drones: Firefighting Current airborne firefighters: Slow Manual water drops Daytime operation Single role aircraft Risky Operations Drones: 24 hour operation Fast Reaction time Higher water drop per capability per operation hour Lower Cost per dropped liter Maximum precision of the water drop Unaffected by Wind, Clouds and smoke No Risk for flight crews Direct support to ground crews
  52. 52. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  53. 53. Drones For Delivery Mail, Package Grocery, Food Medical Prescription PO Box Commodities
  54. 54. Cost for delivery The current transportation system is expensive Direct expenses Fuels / Parts Labor Capital USD 125.3 billion p.a. spent on road and bridge construction. Most of the cost are spent to repair damages from heavy vehicle usage* *Source : Federal Highway Cost Allocation Study, Final Report, US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, 1997
  55. 55. Also the Indirect Costs ~6,4000 highway deaths (11%) from commercial trucks annually Highway vehicles responsible for 62% of CO, 32% of NOx and 26% of VOCs emissions Disposal of tire, oil and battery ~ USD 4.2 billion Traffic congestion cost estimated USD 182 billion annually Crash cost estimated USD 840 billion annually Trucks are responsible for ~33% (USD 340 billion) Source : EPA & DoT reports
  56. 56. Source : http://www.sv.uio.no/esop/english/research/news-and-events/events/guest-lectures-seminars/esop- seminar/dokumenter/soderbom.pdf
  57. 57. Drones For Delivery (how it works?) Drones could allow businesses to deliver products to customers without having to send a driver. Able to carry a payload about 2kg Over short distance about 10km (about 15 mins) GPS and sensors to navigate between points Software for route planning Cost 24 cents (2kg over 10km)
  58. 58. The Drone Mesh Network will do for Physical Transportation what the Internet did for flow of information Concept: Drone Mesh Network (DMN) Drone Docking Stations (DDS) DDS 24/7 availability for battery charging Drone stand-by position Remote controlled and Managed by Licensee
  59. 59. Drones For Delivery (Logistic) Amazon Testing Drone Delivery System Domino's Flying Drone Delivers Pizza Lakemaid Beer Drone Delivery Google Project Wing A revolutionary drone-based delivery network is being tested—in Bhutan Matternet
  60. 60. Bangalore traffic
  61. 61. Road development
  62. 62. Slow and non flexible infra development
  63. 63. 1st Drone delivery in India
  64. 64. 1st Drone delivery in India
  65. 65. Project Wing Australia Source : http://rt.com/news/183556-google-drone-delivery-australia/
  66. 66. Prime Air India Source : http://thediplomat.com/2014/08/amazon-will-test-drone-delivery-system-in-india/
  67. 67. DHL Germany Source : http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/sep/25/german-dhl-launches-first-commercial-drone-delivery- service
  68. 68. Matternet (future) http://techcrunch.com/2013/12/10/how-matternet-wants-to-bring-drone-delivery-to-the-people-who-need-it-most/ http://vimeo.com/28247681
  69. 69. Disruptive Innovation?? Capital Costs Operational Costs Operational saving outweigh capital costs Source : Georgia Tech
  70. 70. Horizontal Delivery System Topology Hub & Spoke Point to Point Hybrid Distribution Dynamic Network Topology Vertical Delivery System Topology Single, All Purpose Vehicle Separate Delivery Vehicle and Transfer Vehicle Package Type Document Standard Mail Small Parcel (<50lbs 2x2x2 ft) Freight (large) Shipment Time Same-day (SuperExpress) Next-day (Express) Same-week Variety Vehicle Type Fixed Wing Trucks and Vans Autonomous Heavy Drones Autonomous Light Drones Small Mobile Vehicles (Bicycle etc) Mission (Range) Urban (<50 miles) Regional (50 - 500 miles) National (>500 miles) International Air Traffic Control Current ATC ADS-B ADS-B (TIS-B, FIS-B) Drones corridors Free-Flight Operation Control Autonomous Semi-Autonomous Non-Autonomous (Slave) Strategic Control (Dispatch) Centralized Distributed to Hubs Distributed to Vehicle Package Sorting Current System Sort at each stop/hub Package Tracking No tracking Update Tracking at each stop GPS Tracking / per vehicle (RT) GPS Tracking / per package (RT) Hang tagging Number of Handoffs Two (Pickup & Delivery) Three (Pickup, Transfer & Delivery) Four Five Six Pickup/Delivery Approach Fixed number of standard "smart containers" Customer packaging, restricted in size and volume
  71. 71. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  72. 72. Complementary assets ‘Refueling’ Charging Stations - solar Open development platform – programming 3D scanning 3D printing services for replacement / accessories Nanotechnologies – Graphene, Carbon nanotubes Solar cell, flexible Light weight Sensors Drones services New Jobs – Drones drivers….
  73. 73. Futuristic Applications  Smart and autonomous/Microscopic and cheap  Pollination: bee-size drones pollinating flowers  Autonomous construction drones http://youtu.be/i3ernrkZ91E  Medical in-body drones  Ubiquitous surveillance  Mining drones (from another far remote areas)
  74. 74. Internet communications
  75. 75. Source : http://www.google.com/loon/how/ Source : http://www.wired.com/2014/09/facebook-drones-2/ Internet-Connected Drones Google Loon Facebook’s Connectivity Lab Internet connections via things like high-altitude balloons and flying drones Solar-powered drones that can connect the billions of people currently living off the grid to the internet
  76. 76. Eco-system of Drones – Data+Comms
  77. 77. Integration of Artificial Intelligence and Augmented Reality into Drones Incorporation audio and text with video and images captured in real time Defining regulations by the FAA / Government for commercial usage of drones Resolving privacy concerns around drones flying over backyards etc Long term challenges
  78. 78. Agenda Introduction Brief talking about the applications Improvement in drones technology (cost, materials, GPS, flight controller, MEMS sensors, ICs etc.). How drones becoming cheaper Cheaper application from cheaper drones  Media, Civil Services, Delivery Complementary assets Conclusion
  79. 79. While drones are unlikely to become a part of our daily lives in the immediate future, they will soon begin taking on much larger roles for businesses and some individual consumers, from delivering groceries to revolutionizing private security, to changing the way farmers manage their crops — perhaps even aerial advertising The FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) believes there will be around 20,000 drones in the sky by 2017, although some say that figure will be much higher http://www.businessinsider.sg/drones-navigating-toward-commercial-applications-2-2014-1/ Conclusions
  80. 80. Early Warning Systems 1. Earthquake Warning Networks 2. Hurricane Monitoring Swarms 3. Tornado Warning Systems 4. Hail Preventer/Sound Cannons 5. Avalanche Preventer/Sound Cannons 6. Impending Flood Alert Systems 7. Tsunami Forecasting Systems 8. Forest Fire Preventers Emergency Services 9. Missing Child Drone 10. Thermo Sensor Drones 11. Infrared Sensor Drones 12. Insect Killing Drones 13. Poacher Drones 14. Endangered Species Drone . 15. Eyes on the Problem Drone 16. Missing Pet Drone News Reporting 17. Accident/Incident Monitoring 18. Time-Lapse Weather Drones 19. Protestor Cams 20. Man-on-the-Street Interview Drone 21. Real-Time Stats Drone 22. Rapid Comment/Interview Drones 23. Locker Room Drones 24. Photo Drones Delivery 25. PO Box Drones 26. Medical Prescription Delivery 27. Grocery Delivery 28. Mail, Package Delivery 29. Anticipatory Delivery 30. Send-It-Back Return Drones 31. Direct from the Farm Produce 32. Banquet Catering Drones Business Activity Monitoring 33. Construction Monitoring 34. Topological Surveying 35. Instant Environmental Impact Assessment 36. Power Line Monitoring Drones 37. Thermo Imaging of Buildings 38. Sensitive Product Shipping 39. Open Seas Pirate Monitoring Drones 40. Geological Surveying Gaming Drones 41. Three Dimensional Chess Drones 42. World of Warcraft in Space 43. Three Dimensional Treasure Hunts 44. Drone Jousting Matches 45. Monster Truck Vs. Flying Drone Matches 91. High Speed Chase Drones 92. Domestic Violence Monitors 93. Child Abuse Monitors 94. Neighborhood Watch Cams 95. Ankle Bracelet Replacement Drones 96. Instant Court Drones Smart Home Drones 97. Airbrush Swarm 98. Dusting Drone 99. Lawn Manicuring Drone 100. Leaf Raking Drones 101. Home Security Drones 102. 3D Printer Repair Drone 103. Special Drone Docks 104. Diaper Changing Drones Real Estate 105. Real Estate Photography Drones 106. Atmospheric Water Harvesting Drones 107. Home Inspection Drones 108. Battery Replacement Drones 109. Trash Removal Drones 110. Sewage Removal Drones 111. Insurance Adjuster Drones 112. Instant Listing Drone Library Drones 113. Tool Loaning Libraries 114. Emergency Equipment Loaning Libraries 115. Pet Lending Library 116. 24-Hour Books, Audio Books, Videos, Artwork, & Information Archives 117. Tech Lending Library 118. Borrow an Expert Library 119. Borrow a Big Brother 120. Drone Lending Library Military and Spy Uses 121. Missile Launching Drones 122. Bomb-Dropping Drones 123. Flying Camouflage Drones 124. Communication Disruptors 125. Battlefield Medical Supply Drones 126. Invisible Spy Drones 127. Heat Seeking Bullet Drone 128. Solar Powered High-Altitude WiFi Drones Healthcare Drones 129. Humanitarian Applications 130. Canary Drones 131. Body Sphere Monitoring 132. Hovering Health Monitors 133. Physical Movement Analysis 134. Skin Care Monitor 135. Seeing Eye Drone 46. Drone Racing 47. Drone Obstacle Courses 48. Drone Hunting Season Sporting Drones 49. Perfect Athlete’s Performance Sphere 50. Space Racing Camera Drones 51. Personal Trainer Drones 52. Instant Landing Pad 53. Marathon Trackers 54. Runner’s Metabolism Tracker 55. Bareback Drone Riders 56. Outdoor Bowling Entertainment Drones 57. Comedian Drone 58. Magician Drone 59. Concert Swarm 60. Drone Circus 61. Performance Art Swarms 62. Mega Photo Stitching Competitions 63. Prankster Drones 64. Fireworks Dropping Drones Marketing 65. Spot Advertising 66. Subliminal Advertising 67. Multimedia Formations 68. Banner Pulling Drones 69. Food and Product Sampler Drones 70. Grandstanding Drones 71. Flying Strobe Drones 72. Fresh Bread Drones Farming and Agriculture 73. Artificial Bees 74. Seeding Drones 75. Insect Monitoring Drones 76. Fertilizer Monitoring Drones 77. Disease Monitoring Drones 78. Bird Frightening Drones 79. Crop Fogger Drones 80. Harvesting Drones Ranching Drones 81. Cow Monitors 82. Horse Shadowers 83. Pig Monitors 84. Bee Observers 85. Sheep Trackers 86. Chicken Monitors 87. Turkey Trackers 88. Duck & Geese Monitors Police Drones 89. Drug Sniffing Drones 90. Political Corruption Sniffing Drones 136. Infectious Disease Monitoring Drone Educational Drones 137. Historical Reference 138. Real-Time Perspectives 139. Geometric Shapes 140. The Question & Answer Drone 141. Documentary Drones 142. Language Partner Drone 143. Basic Math Drones 144. SAT-ACT Prep Drone Science & Discovery 145. Archeology 146. Whale Watching 147. Bird Migration 148. Forest Health 149. Ocean Currents 150. Aurora Borealis 151. Solar Flare Monitoring 152. Earth Noise Monitoring Travel Drones 153. Commuter Drones 154. Taxi-Limo Drones 155. Bar Hopping Drone 156. Tourist Attraction Drones 157. Hop-on-Hop-off Drones 158. Emergency Rescue Drones 159. Trucking Drones 160. Overnight Sleeper Drones Robotic Arm Drones 161. Hazardous Material Drones 162. Transporting Dangerous Chemical Drones 163. Rescuing Dangerous Animal Drones 164. Chess-Playing Drones 165. Arm Wrestling Drones 166. Spot-Welding in Difficult Places Drones 167. Mechanical Repair in Difficult Places Drones 168. Space Junk Removal Drones Reality Distortion Fields 169. Odor Cancellation 170. Sound & Noise Cancellation 171. Visible Light Cancellation 172. Magnifying Drones 173. De-Magnifying Drones 174. Color Changing Drones 175. Thermo Cannons 176. Voices in Our Head Drones Novelty Drones 177. Personal Periscopes 178. Plant Communicator Drones 179. Frisbee Turbo Fliers 180. Shade Drones 181. Mosquito-Free Zone Drones 182. Dating Drone 183. Relevancy Drone 184. Elevator Drones Far Out Concepts 185. Massive Flying Drone Resorts 186. Artificial Earthworms 187. Personal Prep Swarms 188. Swarm Clothing 189. Protective Swarms 190. Mental Conduit Swarms 191. Remote Viewing Swarms 192. Superman Swarm and more …
  81. 81. Back up slides Information
  82. 82. Increase yield and cut costs (save time and good return on investment) Watch for disease and collect real-time data on crop health and yields Distribute pesticides from the air onto plantations Huge market potential with estimated $2 billion annual market size Drones: Agriculture
  83. 83. Drones: Conservation  An urgent problem...monitoring of wildlife
  84. 84. Drones: Conservation Monitoring of Forest •2238 images •5.22 sq. km / 1289ac •5.22cm/pixel side •91 orangutan nest in ground surveys •Aerial images being analyzed
  85. 85. Source : Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International
  86. 86. Drones in USA http://blogs.marketwatch.com/capitolreport/2014/06/25/are-drones-illegal-in-your-state-this-map-can-tell-you/ https://www.aclu.org/blog/technology-and-liberty/status-2014-domestic-drone-legislation-states
  87. 87. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service http://www.johnswope.com/?p=83
  88. 88. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service
  89. 89. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service
  90. 90. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service
  91. 91. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service Assumptions: •No costs for additional infrastructure. •Cost of skilled employees who need to maintain and manage the fleet of drones did not considered. •Permits fees not included. •However the lifetime cost of the drone would have to be greater than USD50,000 to even be on par with the cost of human delivery. And the difference between drones and humans is that the cost of drones goes down over time…
  92. 92. The Economics Behind Amazon’s Drone Delivery Service
  93. 93. Source : http://www.ibtimes.com/heres-what-future-insect-nano-drones-looks-video-1532592 Nano-Drones Nano drones are becoming every day more of a reality Drones are becoming smaller and smaller every single day Nano drones will be capable of surveillance without being detected Huge financial advantage The average nano drone costs about $25 per hour to run, in comparison to manned helicopters and planes, which can cost between $600 to $20,000 per hour. Compact and Undetectable Lives of pilots, airmen and police are not at risk
  94. 94. http://youtu.be/z78mgfKprdg Some examples Cyborg drones Dragonfly drone Hummingbird drone Nano Quadrators Black Hornet Nano drone DASH Roachbot drone Samarai drone MicroBat drone Spy-butterfly drone Switchblade drone Mosquito drone
  95. 95. •Alpha model - retail at $250 or more, comes with a MARC-Basic flight computer, solenoidal actuators, and flight accessories including a remote controller, battery and charger •Delta model - same MARC-Basic flight computer and flight accessories, continuously variable transmission (CVT), retail price estimated to be around $500 •Gamma model - MARC-2 and adds a camera and Wi-Fi, can be controlled via a computer, iPhone or Android smartphone, expected to retail for $750 •Omega model - MARC-3 flight computer that boasts 20 onboard sensors (including two cameras), and features a CVT and Wi-Fi, expected price of $1,499 at retail Source : http://www.gizmag.com/techject-dragonfly-microuav/24900/ Dragonfly drones - Biomimicry
  96. 96. •US government invested millions of dollars into the development of tiny drones inspired by biology, each equipped with video and audio equipment that can record sights and sound •Could be used to spy, locate people inside earthquake-crumpled buildings and detect hazardous chemical leaks •The smaller, the better •6.5-inch wing span, the remote-controlled bird weighs less than a AA battery and can fly at speeds of up to 11 mph, propelled only by the flapping of its two wings. A tiny video camera sits in its belly. •The bird can climb and descend vertically, fly sideways, forward and backward. It can rotate clockwise and counterclockwise. Source : http://www.nbcnews.com/id/41837647/ns/technology_and_science-science/t/wings-technology-hummingbird-drones/ Hummingbird drones - Biomimicry
  97. 97. Improvement in energy storage
  98. 98. Type of energy storage and its range
  99. 99. Source: http://www.corephotonics.com/january-29-2013-corephotonics-closes-first-round Improvement in sensors
  100. 100. Increase in resolution over the years Higher pixel count = able to capture finer details Source: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079672702000241 Improvement in sensors
  101. 101. Source: http://info.adimec.com/blogposts/bid/39656/CCD-vs-CMOS-Image-Sensors-in-Machine-Vision-Cameras CMOS vs. CCD – Capture Speed Improvement in sensors
  102. 102. Source: http://www.eetimes.com/rss/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=224201255 Source: http://image-sensors-world.blogspot.sg/2012_07_01_archive.html Cheaper Sensors Time required to produce image sensor wafer is reduced over the years Improved production rate leads to cheaper sensor
  103. 103. Improvement in Internet/Communications Source: http://scalometer.wikispaces.com/singularity
  104. 104. Improvement in Processor Source: http://scalometer.wikispaces.com/singularity
  105. 105. Source: http://scalometer.wikispaces.com/singularity Mechanical Device Miniaturization
  106. 106. Patent Application in US Resource from IP Tech.
  107. 107. Patent Count- Company/Inventor Life Cycle Resource from IP Tech.

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