Claims

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Claims

  1. 1. Claims<br />By: Lorena Armenta<br />
  2. 2. What are Claims?<br />A claim is any single statement of controversy advanced for the purpose of argument.<br />A claim is the main point, the thesis, the main controlling idea.<br />
  3. 3. Characteristics of Claims<br />Are phrased as statements and not questions.<br />Should be phrased so both sides have an opportunity to support and defend their positions. <br />Should be as specific as possible.<br />Must be phrased against the current belief/policy in order to create potential for controversy. <br />Should be phrased so the burdens (obligations & responsibilities) are clear to both sides involved. <br />
  4. 4. Characteristics of Claims Cont. <br />Both sides debate the same claim.<br />Effective claims promote a pro/con argumentative environment.<br />
  5. 5. Different Types of Claims<br />
  6. 6. A Claim of Fact<br />Claim asserts that something quantifiable has existed, does exist or will exist.<br />Examples:<br />George W. Bush was the 43rd President.<br />There is a God.<br />The Steelers will beat the Packers at the SuperBowl.<br />
  7. 7. A Claim of Value<br />Claim asserts qualitative judgments along a good to bad continuum relating to person’s, events and things in one’s environment. <br />Example:<br />Heath Ledger was the best Joker.<br />
  8. 8. A Claim of Policy<br />Claim asserts that something should or should not be done by someone about something. <br />Example: <br />The United States should have stricter gun laws.<br />
  9. 9. Environments claims are debated in:<br />Scholarly debate (takes place within communities and centers on claims of fact).<br />Religious debate (among the oldest).<br />Political debate (advance claims for actions to be taken to deal with status quo or current belief).<br />
  10. 10. Environments claims are debated in cont.<br />Business debate (deals with claims of fact, particularly claims of future fact).<br />Legal debate (deals with claims of fact and policy).<br />
  11. 11. Environments claims are debated in cont.<br />Educational debate (also called forensics, can be in team format or one on one format).<br />Social debate (unstructured and deals with all three types of claims).<br />

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