The Ainu were one of the earliest inhabitants of Japan. Ainu are primarily a hunting and fishing people. They are racially different from Japanese. There are only about 25,000 Ainu left. Most of them live in Hokkaido.
Okinawans are not that different from the majority of japanese, but they are isolated and speak a different form of Japanese.
The burakumin is a social minority. Around 2-3 million today. They are the descendants of people who slaughtered animals and executed criminals during the feudal days. Those activities were thought to be polluting acts under Buddhist and Shintoist beliefs. They are still discriminated against today. </li></ul>
Major cities with the highest populations- Tokyo (capital)- most populous city in the world-36.507 million Osaka-Kobe -11.325 million Nagoya - 3.257 million Sapporo - 2.673 million </li></ul>
Government <ul><li>Japan has a parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy.
The Prime Minister of Japan has the most political power.
The Emperor has little political power. The Emperor is "symbol of the state and the unity of the people, deriving his position from the will of the people with whom resides sovereign power."
Current Prime Minister of Japan- Yoshihiko Noda
Current Emperor of Japan- Emperor Akihito </li></ul>
Natural Hazards <ul><li>Earthquakes- March 11, 2011 earthquake occurred near the east coast of Japan . Had a magnitude of 9.0. At least 15,703 people died. The majority of the casualties were from Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima
Tsunamis- Caused by earthquakes. A tsunami took place after the earthquake in March.
Typhoons-Occur every summer and is a feature of Japanese climate. They cause flooding and landslides.
Volcanoes-67 active volcanoes in Japan. Japan has 10% of the world's total active volcanoes. </li></ul>